How Sump Pumps Work
A sump pump is often installed in a sump pit, which is a hole excavated in the lowest section of your basement or crawlspace with a gravel foundation that is approximately 2 feet (60 centimeters) deep and 18 inches (45 centimeters) wide. The pump is activated as soon as the pit begins to fill with water. It drains the liquid out of the pit through pipes that run away from your home to a location where the water may drain away from your foundation without damaging your property. A check valve, also known as a one-way valve, is normally installed at the pump end of the pipe to prevent the water from flowing back into the pit.
The pressure sensor operates in the manner suggested by its name: Water puts greater pressure on the sensor than air, causing the pump to operate as a result of the increased pressure.
As the water level increases, a buoyant ball floats on top of the water, with the arm being manually moved by the user.
However, these are less frequent due to the inconvenience they provide.
- The conventional home sump pump operates on the principle of centrifugal pumping to transport water.
- The spinning impeller drives water toward the edges of the pipe, resulting in a low-pressure region in the middle of the pipe due to the use of centrifugal force.
- Assuming that the sump pump is being supplied by electricity and is operating on conventional household current, it is not necessary to install specialty wiring beyond a grounded outlet.
- This will prevent unintentional electrocution from occurring.
- In the water, there is a submersible pump.
- A flat screen or grate is installed at the bottom of the pump to prevent debris from entering.
- Thepedestalpump is the other type of sump pump that is commonly used.
- In addition, even when the pit is completely filled, the pedestal keeps the pump out of it and away from the water.
Standing pumps are often noisier – but less expensive – than submersible pumps, due to the fact that the motor and pump are not immersed in water. Continue reading to find out if you require one of these pumps in your house, as well as how to maintain it operational once it has been placed.
5 Common Questions About Sump Pump Discharges
In most cases, a sump pump is housed in a sump pit, which is a hole excavated in the lowest section of your basement or crawlspace with a gravel foundation that is about 2 feet (60 centimeters) deep and 18 inches (45 centimeters) wide. The pump starts working as soon as the pit begins to fill with water. There are pipes that lead away from your home and to a location where the water may drain away from your foundation, which is how the liquid is moved out. In order to prevent water from going back into the pit, a one-way valve, known as a check valve, is installed at the pump’s inlet.
- When it comes to operation, the pressure sensor does just as its name implies: Water puts greater pressure on the sensor than air, causing the pump to operate as a result of this difference in pressure.
- It floats on top of the water, and when the water level increases, a buoyant ball moves a mechanical arm.
- However, these are less frequent due to the inconvenience they provide.
- A centrifugal pump is used to transport water in a conventional home sump pump.
- The spinning impeller drives water toward the edges of the pipe, resulting in a low-pressure region in the middle of the pipe due to the effect of centrifugal forces.
- Assuming that the sump pump is being supplied by electricity and is operating on conventional household current, it is not necessary to install any additional wiring beyond a grounded outlet.
- This will prevent unintentional electrocution from happening.
In the water, there is a submersible pump at rest.
The bottom of the pump is protected from debris by a flat screen or grate.
Thepedestalpump is the other type of sump pump that is often used nowadays.
In addition, even when the pit is completely filled, the pedestal keeps the pump out of it and out of the water.
Standing pumps are often noisier – but less expensive – than submersible pumps since the motor and pump are not submerged in water.
Find out if you require one of these pumps in your house and how to maintain its proper operation once it has been placed in your home by continuing reading this article.
1.Can you connect your sump pump line to the sewer?
This is the question that gets asked the most frequently by far. The people who ask this question are typically looking for a solution to the flooding that might occur as a result of releasing sump pump water into a yard, specifically flooding of the area where the water is discharged. Sometimes the released water simply soaks straight back into the region next to the foundation and the pumping process continues indefinitely, only to seep back in over and over again until the foundation is completely saturated.
- Unfortunately, this is not permitted by law.
- When sump pumps were connected to the sewer, they would become overwhelmed anytime it rained since all of the water from the sump pumps was released into the sanitary sewers.
- In order to prevent the treatment plant from becoming overwhelmed, the only thing they could do was to open the floodgates and release a mixture of raw untreated sewage and storm water into the area aquifers, which included rivers (and even Lake Michigan).
- A number of towns assigned code enforcement officials the responsibility of seeing that all sump pumps within their limits were permanently unplugged and made to release water outside of homes on a regular basis.
2.How far from the house should the sump pump discharge?
The quick answer is that it is far enough away that the water does not flow back into the sump pit again. In order to do this, “shooting grades” in your discharge area can be used to pinpoint the point in your yard at which water begins to flow away from, rather than towards, your home. Most homes are constructed and yards are sloped to ensure that water runs away from the house, but with time, many yards have deteriorated, resulting in what looks to be a very tough situation. There are numerous remedies for this problem, so if you have faced a grade problem at your residence, please contact us and we will do everything we can to resolve the situation for you.
3.How deep should a sump pump discharge line be?
The answer is dependent on how far south the frost line extends in your region. Ideally, the depth should be at or below the frost line. The problem is that in our location, the maximum depth is 5 feet, and most properties do not have enough space to accommodate that type of depth when establishing an underground discharge line. This problem can be addressed by running the discharge line as deep as feasible while simultaneously adding an air gap at the point of discharge. When this construction is completed, the notion is that the line will only freeze for a brief amount of time during the winter (when it is least likely to receive discharge water because the ground is frozen).
Yes! Plumbing has built a large number of such lines in the region with excellent results.
4. How to find a sump discharge line?
Some of the answers are rather straightforward. We’ve been asked how to locate a sump pump discharge line, and we can help. This is a reasonable procedure that everyone can understand and follow. The process begins with the installation of a sump pump in the basement or crawlspace. This will take place in a hole that resembles a spherical garbage can that has been buried in the ground. The can will have a steel or plastic cover, depending on the material. Locate the pipe that is coming out of the pit in a vertical fashion.
Remember where you are seeing this in the basement or crawlspace and make a mental note of it.
Follow the trail all the way to the finish.
Yes, if you are still unable to locate the line.
5. How long can a sump pump discharge pipe be?
Any length of pipe that you choose, subject to technical standards for pipe size and drain capacity, etc., is permitted as long as your land has a downhill slope from the point of discharge to the end of the pipe placement. Again, in our location, frigid temperatures become a significant factor. Keep in mind that the deeper the pipe is buried in the earth, the more quickly the temperature will drop below freezing in the wintertime. Even though the temperature of the discharge water coming out of your sump pit will be well above freezing, as it goes down the underground discharge tube, the temperature of the water drops, and if it does not travel far enough before freezing, the water will fill up your discharge line with ice.
So dig as deep as you possibly can, keep the line short while still guaranteeing that the water does not return to the basement, and don’t skimp on materials—a few more dollars spent on larger pipe and fittings will pay off in the long run.
Yes, as is always the case!
How Does a Sump Pump Drain Line Actually Work?
When water accumulates in the sump basin in your basement, the sump pump drain line is responsible for removing it. Whether it’s from ground water seeping up through the foundation or from an inundation somewhere, such as a broken water supply line in the basement, your sump pump is always on the lookout for incursion and keeps you safe.
An automatic sump pump is activated when water fills the basin, which is typically an 18-inch-diameter hole excavated into the basement floor. Water is evacuated through a sump pump drain line when the basin fills. Indoor Market Segment
- The indoor span of a drain line is typically made of PVC pipe measuring 1 1/4-inch or 1 1/2-inch in diameter. With a threaded connection, it attaches to the pump outlet, making it simple to remove for routine maintenance, such as cleaning the basin. The majority of the interior portion is in a vertical configuration, and it is often affixed to an external basement wall or ceiling. The drain line becomes horizontal as it exits the home and travels to the outside discharge point, which is often placed in the backyard (diversion of sump water into a residential drain is generally prohibited by municipal rules). A check valve is installed in the drain line of the sump pump, which is close to the pump. Because the vertical span averages 13 feet in length before it becomes horizontal, the drain line retains a significant amount of leftover water after the float switch is activated and the pump is turned off. Using a check valve, you can prevent water from running backwards into the basin and reactivating the pump on a regular basis.
Segment for the Outdoors (Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-Oct.-O
- Segmentation by location (outdoor) segmentation by location (indoor segmentation by location) segmentation by location (outdoor segmentation by location) segmentation by location (outdoor segmentation by location) segmentation by location (outdoor segmentation) segmentation and segmentation by location (outdoor segmentation by location) segmentation and segmentation by location (outdoor segmentation by location) segmentation and segmentation by location (outdoor segmentation by location) segmentation and segmentation by location (outdoor segmentation by location
As a home energy and home comfort company, our mission is to educate and empower our customers in the states of Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New Jersey on a variety of energy and home comfort issues – particularly HVAC and plumbing issues – so that they can save money while living in healthier and more comfortable homes. Comfight Creative Commons Photo Credit: AJC ajcann.wordpress.com through Compfight cc
Check Out Our Incredible Offers!
Complete Basement Systems encounters difficulties with sump pumps in which the previous sump pump installation had the pump’s output routed into the home’s sewage line much too often. The majority of homeowners are completely unaware of this. Most homeowners are unfamiliar with their home’s sump pump system, which is why problems like this may sometimes go undiscovered for years before being discovered. But if you have a problem with the discharge of your sump pump, you’ll know about it relatively immediately since the sewage line will frequently back up right into your own house.
What Is a Sump Pump Discharge?
Many people are unfamiliar with sump pump systems, including what a sump pump discharge line is and what it is used for in the first place. The following is an explanation of what a sump pump discharge line performs for your basement. Despite the fact that many individuals are familiar with sump pump systems, many do not understand what a sump pump discharge line is. A sump pump discharge line is responsible for the following functions in a basement:
- Providing assistance with water resulting from rain and natural disasters
The water table will rise as a result of heavy rainfall or flooding. It’s possible that water is rushing through the streets and around the foundation of your home. The weight of this water will put tremendous strain on the foundation of your residence. In the worst case scenario, if you disregard the pressure exerted by water on your home’s foundation, it might result in the destruction of your basement or crawl space walls. As a result, flood vents are frequently installed in basements and crawl spaces in flood-prone locations, allowing water to more easily enter and depart the basement or crawl space.
If you refuse to grant access to the water, the weight and power of the water may cause your home’s walls to physically crumble in beneath the weight and force of the water.
It is at this point that a sump pump and associated discharge pipe are required. They contribute to the structural stability of your home, regardless of whether or not there is flooding or rain outside.
There is always a potential that you may have a plumbing flood at some time in your life. Plumbing pipes may rupture anywhere in your home, including your crawl space or basement, causing water to saturate the whole area. Due to the fact that water will always gravitate toward the earth’s surface, it is normal for it to enter the crawl space or basement even if it did not originate there. Even the most well-waterproofed crawl space or basement can become inundated with a significant volume of water in this situation.
The installation of a sump pump will give some protection against interior flooding in properties that do not frequently experience flooding or excessive rain concerns.
Flood damage can be avoided if the water is removed from the internal spaces and sent outside immediately after it has occurred.
The Dangers of Running Your Sump Pump into the Sewer Line
Inevitably, you may have a plumbing flood at some point throughout your life. If your plumbing pipes rupture, water will splatter all over the place whether they are in your main home or your crawlspace or basement. Water will always gravitate downward, which means it is typical for it to infiltrate the crawl space or basement even if it did not originate there. Even the most well-waterproofed crawl space or basement might become inundated with a significant volume of water at this point in time.
- First and foremost, a sump pump is required.
- No matter where the water comes from, the sump pump discharge line will make certain that it does not linger in your basement or crawl space.
- The first hazard is an influx of people from the entire town at once.
- There is a limit to how much water can be handled by the treatment facility of your local sewer system.
- This is exactly what would happen if every member of the neighborhood drained their sump pump into the sewage system at the same time.
It’s possible that if everyone connected their sump pump discharge line to the sewer, the treatment plant would rapidly overflow, permitting raw sewage to spill into local water sources even while they’re running at full capacity.
Without a doubt, if everyone connected their sump pump discharge line to the sewage system, there would be a major problem. When a natural catastrophe strikes, it’s vital to remember that even a small number of individuals draining their sump pumps into the sewage system might produce the same problem. This is due to the fact that your sump pump is likely to pump only a little amount of water on a normal basis, but it will pump significantly more water in the event of a natural disaster. If even a small number of individuals opt to have their sump pumps discharge into the sewage system, it is possible that the system may overflow as soon as there is a flood that necessitates a significant volume of sump pump discharge into the sewer system.
Without a doubt, if everyone connected their sump pump discharge line to the sewage system, it would be a major problem.
This is due to the fact that your sump pump is likely to pump only a little amount of water on a normal basis, but it will pump significantly more water in the event of a major natural catastrophe.
On the contrary, if you run the discharge line into your house’s yard in the manner in which it was intended, you will reconnect the floodwater with the rest of the water as it goes through the streets and out of your home.
Why Do Plumbers Run the Sump Pump into the Sewer Line?
The installation of a sump pump into a sewage line is fraught with difficulties. So why do some plumbers persist in doing this task? There are a variety of reasons why an unscrupulous individual would decide to take the easy way out in this situation. Simple as that: it’s far easier to just connect the sump pump to the sewage line than it is to guarantee that it is connected to the sump pump discharge system that was originally installed by the plumber. Remember that the sewage system is already in place in your home, and the sump pump discharge system would have to be built entirely new by a professional plumbing company.
Of course, this does not take into consideration the possibility that you could experience issues with the sump pump in the future.
Instead, they are just concerned in making it look as though they have resolved your issues immediately. In order to avoid this, it’s critical to hire a professional installation company that is concerned about your difficulties on a holistic level.
Although installing a sump pump discharge system is not prohibitively expensive, it is true that it is less expensive in the long run. Aside from not having to purchase the components of the discharge system, the plumber also does not have to spend time assembling and installing the sump pump discharge system, saving them time and money. Since a result, it is significantly less expensive for the plumber to simply run the sump pump discharge line into the sewage system, as it saves both time and physical materials that the plumber would otherwise have to purchase.
- You’ll almost probably have to connect your sump pump to an appropriate discharge system sooner or later.
- Therefore, you will have to pay additional money for a repair that should have been included in the first sump pump installation.
- It’s true that the majority of homeowners are clueless when it comes to their sump pump system.
- Even if the plumber is upfront with you about the dangers of directly connecting your discharge line to the sewage, they may presume you are unaware of the dangers of directly connecting your discharge line to the sewer.
- Whether the problem is with a component of your sewer system, your basement, your crawl space, or something altogether else, it is your responsibility to educate yourself about the system before calling in a professional to remedy the problem for you.
What’s the Right Option?
In the end, many unethical plumbers believe that you will never find out the truth about their services. It’s true that the majority of homeowners are clueless when it comes to their sump pump system, but there is some good news. Many homeowners therefore believe that the plumber did what was best for them in this situation. Even if the plumber is upfront with you about the dangers of directly connecting your discharge line to the sewage, they may presume you are unaware of the dangers of directly connecting your discharge line into the sewer.
Whether the problem is with a component of your sewer system, your basement, your crawl space, or something altogether else, it is your responsibility to educate yourself about the system before calling in a professional to fix it.
You’re less likely to get scammed if you have greater expertise about the subject.
Opt for a Professional for a Better Sump Pump Result
In virtually every instance where someone decides not to operate the sump pump outside the residence as planned, it is out of laziness on their part. It’s critical that you choose a professional to install your sump pump so that you don’t have to worry about cutting corners. Cutting shortcuts may save you a few cash up front, but it can result in serious difficulties down the road, both for yourself and for the rest of the community. Complete Basement Systems knows how to install a sump pump the proper way the first time, whether you have an existing sump pump and are concerned about the discharge system or you need to install a brand-new sump pump.
10 Common Mistakes Homeowners Make With Sump Pumps
A sump pump is a pump that is used to remove water that has accumulated in a sump basin that has been specifically intended to collect water, which is often located in the basement of a house or other building. There are several ways in which water can enter a sump pump: it can enter by funneling into the pump through the designated perimeter drains in a basement’s waterproofing system, or it can enter by gravity due to groundwater or rainfall if the basement happens to be below the water table level, if the basement is below the water table level.
Generally speaking, the primary function of a sump pump is to pump and discharge water away from the house, to a location where it will do less damage – typically a city storm drain or a dry well.
The pressurized water system of a home can occasionally be used to drive a pump, essentially eliminating the need for electricity altogether – albeit this is done at the price of consuming potable water, which can make them more expensive to maintain than their electrical pump equivalents.
Maintaining Your Sump Pump
It is critical to remember that a sump basin might overflow if it is not pumped on a consistent and regular basis. As a result, it is critical that you have a backup system in place for your sump pump in the event that the main power to your house is knocked out for a lengthy period of time, as is frequently the case after a major storm. Don’t forget to check out our most recent blogs, which include: What to Do When Your Sump Pump Fails and 12 Signs That It’s Time to Replace Your Sump Pump are two of the most often asked questions.
Continue reading to learn about some of the most frequent mistakes that people make when installing sump pumps, as well as how to prevent making them.
Mistake1: Letting debris get in the pump.
Always remember that if a sump basin is not pumped continuously and properly, it has the potential to overflow. In order to prevent this from happening, it is critical that you have a backup system in place for your sump pump in case the main power to your house goes out for a lengthy period of time, as is frequently the case after a major storm. Do not forget to read our most recent blogs, which are listed below. In this article, you’ll learn what to do if your sump pump fails and why it’s necessary to replace it.
Mistakes with a Sump Pump Of course, it isn’t the only blunder that might occur when working with a sump pump in the first place.
Mistake2: Issues with the float switch.
A float switch is a simple device that instructs the sump pump motor to shut down when the water level falls below a certain level. Because of what it performs, your sump pump will require a large amount of room surrounding the float and switch in order for the arm to be able to freely float and descend simultaneously. It is possible that the float will cause the pump to operate wrongly if there is insufficient space or if there is some form of impediment in the path. This might lead to your motor being damaged.
Mistake3: Errors with the check valve.
The check valve on a sump pump simply forms a barrier that stops any water from going backward into the sump pump itself. There should be an arrow written around the check value to show which way the valve should be turned when the value is checked. Check to ensure that the arrow is pointing away from the sump pump before continuing.
Mistake4: Not testing your sump pump system.
A sump pump is often required at three different degrees of “necessity,” to put it simply. When your sump pump is operating at Level 1, it is essentially running continually, even when there is little to no rainfall. Level 2 is regarded to be the “ideal” case, in which your pump does not run on a regular basis — but does so when the situation calls for it, such as during heavy rain or a storm — and then shuts off. Level 3 refers to when your pump does not operate. You must test your system on a regular basis, or at the very least once a year.
It’s simple – just fill the container with water.
Slowly pour the water into the pump (think about the rate at which rainwater may enter the pump) until the float triggers the pump to engage the motor.
If this is not the case with your system, you will need to troubleshoot any difficulties that you may be experiencing in order to determine whether or not you need repairs or replacements.
Mistake5: A broken discharge pipe.
The most dangerous aspect of a ruptured discharge pipe is that it might occur underground, making it hard to detect or detect until it is too late. And how will you know when it’s too late to do anything? It’s that moment when you step into your basement and everything is floating.
Something similar like this is very certain to have occurred to someone you know at some time in their life. Is there a moral to this story? If your discharge pipes protrude from your home or if you have an underground system, you should examine them on a regular basis.
Mistake6: Someone unplugged your pump.
Breaks in discharge pipes are particularly dangerous because they can occur underground, where they are difficult to see or discover until it is too late. And how will you know if it’s too late to turn back time? .and everything is afloat when you walk through your basement door. It’s likely that someone you know has experienced something similar at some point in their life. Which brings us to the main point of the narrative. If your discharge pipes protrude from your house or if you have an underground system, you should examine them on a regular basis.
Mistake7: Failing to check for loose wiring in your system.
Another basic step that should be included in your checklist of regular system maintenance is checking for frayed or damaged cables. What would you do if you suspect that your sump pump’s cables are frayed? One sign is if your sump pump stops working all of a sudden. Unfortunately, if you don’t examine something as easy as the wiring, it’s possible that you’ll miss anything that may be a simple fix to get the pump back up and running. For the purpose of inspecting the wiring, first switch off the power to the pump at the source.
You should thoroughly check the pump, looking for any loose wires and replacing any that you find.
Mistake8: Not listening to the sump pump motor.
Believe it or not, if you don’t just listen to the motor of your sump pump, you may make a lot of blunders. The outside pump will need to be checked if the motor and pump are both operating at the same time (where the water should be escaping). If there is no water flowing out of the faucet, you will need to conduct some troubleshooting. It’s possible that a water line has become clogged, or that your check valve has become stuck. Certain of them are pretty uncomplicated adjustments that you can complete on your own; but, in some cases, it is preferable to enlist the assistance of a team of pros.
Mistake9: Not recognizing when a professional needs to step in and complete any necessary repairs to your sump pump.
True or not, if you don’t merely listen to the motor of your sump pump, you might make mistakes rather frequently. The outside pump will need to be checked if the motor and pump are both functioning at once (where the water should be escaping). A few troubleshooting steps will be necessary if no water is flowing out of the faucet. There might be a blockage in a water line or a clogged check valve in your home. The majority of them are quite uncomplicated solutions that you can do yourself; nevertheless, in certain cases, it is preferable to enlist the assistance of a team of experts.
Need Sump Pump Help?
AtTriad Basement Waterproofing, we are well-versed in the subject of leaky basements and the factors that contribute to them. Due to the fact that sump pump problems are rather prevalent, they may easily cause a basement to flood — and we’ve all witnessed the devastation that can result from a leaking or flooded basement.
We provide a comprehensive range of basement flooding services, including sump pump repairs, to homeowners and businesses. If you have any queries, or if you believe there is a problem with your current sump pump, please do not hesitate to contact us right away. We would be delighted to assist you.
Sump pump – Wikipedia
When it comes to leaking basements and the factors that contribute to them, we know what we’re talking about. We’ve all seen how catastrophic a leaking or flooded basement can be, and we’ve also seen how prevalent sump pump troubles can be, and how quickly they may cause a basement to flood. In addition to sump pump repairs, we provide a comprehensive spectrum of basement flooding services. Feel free to get in contact with us if you have any queries or if you suspect that there is a problem with your current sump pump.
In the United States, modern sump pump components are standardized to meet industry standards. They are as follows:
- A sump basin made of plastic, metal, or concrete that is approximately 2 feet (0.6 m) broad and 2 to 3 feet (0.6 to 1 m) deep, with a capacity of 15 to 25 US gallons (60 to 100 litres)
- The following: a sump pump with a power rating of 1/3 or 1/2 horsepower (200 or 400 W), which can be either battery or mains powered (or both)
When choosing a sump pump, the following factors should be considered:
- Control of the pump via an automated level switch as opposed to a manual operation Power – The motor power of a sump pump can range from a quarter horsepower to several horsepower. In the case of a sump pump, hydraulic headpressure is used to define the greatest height to which the water may be moved by the pump. For example, a sump pump with a maximum head of 15 feet (4.6 m) (also known as a shutdown head) will elevate water up to 15 feet (4.6 m) before it totally stops pumping
- In order to provide sufficient voltage at the motor for optimal pump performance while operating a more powerful electrical motor at a distance from the main service panel, the length of the power cable should be considered. Phase and voltage – Sump pumps that are driven by alternating current are available with single-phase or three-phase induction motors rated for 110–120, 220–240, or 460 volts, depending on the model. In most residential areas, three-phase electricity is not accessible
- But, in few cases, it is. A sort of water level sensing switch is the pressure switch, which is completely enclosed, generally within the pump body. This makes pressure switches impervious to obstacles or floating debris in the sump basin. It is possible for float switches, particularly those that are linked to the end of a short length of flexible electrical wire, to become tangled or clogged, especially when the pump is prone to movement in the basin as a result of torque effects while starting and stopping the pump. In contrast to pressure switches, which are normally factory preset and cannot be modified, float switches may be adjusted in place to control the high and low water levels in the sump basin. In addition, there is a solid state switch that makes use of field-effect technology, which will turn on and off the pump with the use of an internal switch and a piggyback plug
- And Backup and alarm systems for mission-critical applications
Automatic vs manual operation – the pump may be regulated automatically by a level switch. Power – The motive power of a sump pump can range from a quarter horsepower to several horsepower. Head pressure – The hydraulic headpressure of a sump pump is a measurement of the greatest height to which the pump can transport water. Using the example above, a sump pump with a maximum head of 15 feet (4.6 m) (also known as a shutdown head) will elevate water up to 15 feet (4.6 m) before totally losing flow.
- Single-phase and three-phase induction motors are available for sump pumps driven by alternating current (AC), with voltage ratings of 110–120, 220–240, and 460 volts, respectively.
- A sort of water level sensing switch is the pressure switch, which is completely enclosed, generally inside the pump body.
- It is possible for float switches, particularly those that are linked to the end of a short length of flexible electrical wire, to become tangled or clogged, particularly when the pump is prone to movement in the basin as a result of torque effects while starting and stopping the pump.
- There is a solid state switch that makes use of field-effect technology to turn on and off the pump with the use of an internal switch and a piggyback connector.
A common pedestal-type sump pump is seen in this illustration. It is necessary to keep sump basins and sump pumps in good working order. According to standard requirements, equipment should be inspected once a year. More frequency of operation of pumps owing to a higher water table, increased water drainage, or extreme weather conditions should be investigated more regularly. The fact that sump pumps are mechanical equipment means that they will eventually fail, which might result in a flooded basement and expensive repairs.
- In order to boost performance and extend the life of a sump pump, it is necessary to thoroughly clean it.
- These blockages can also impair the pump’s capacity to empty the sump, perhaps resulting in the sump overflowing as a result.
- Examine the discharge line opening, if appropriate, to confirm that there are no blockages in the line before continuing.
- Float switches are used to automatically activate the sump pump when the water level reaches a predetermined level.
- In order to avoid the possibility of the float switch accidently resting on the pump housing and remaining on, a float guard can be installed.
- Whenever a pedestal pump is left in standing water, it should be manually restarted every few hours, even if the level of water in the sump is not high enough to trip the float switch.
Instead, a pedestal pump that will be idle for a long period of time should be withdrawn from the sump and stored in a dry location, or the sump should be swept out so that the level of residual water is far below the lower shaft bearing (see Figure 1).
- “Is It the Sump Pump’s Fault, or Yours?” by Ann Cameron Siegal, Washington Post, August 9, 2008
- “Sump Pump Helps Keep Water Out”, North Dakota State University Extension Service, June 14, 2005
- Thomas Scherer, “Sump Pump Questions”, North Dakota State University Extension Service
- “Sizing Up a Sump Pump” (pdf), University of Illinois Extension
- “Sizing Up a Sump Pump” (pdf), North Dakota State University Extension Service
- “Sizing Up
Everything You Need to Know About Your Sump Pump
What better way to be reminded of the purpose of your sump pump than by abruptly walking into ankle-deep freezing water at the foot of your basement steps? It’s easy to forget about sump pumps while they’re working well, but when they fail, it’s a maintenance issue. This Might Also Be of Interest to You: What to Do If Your Basement Floods (with Pictures) Discover what sump pumps are and how they work in this article.
What Is a Sump Pump?
Sump pumps are tiny pumps that are used to divert water away from sump basins and into other areas. There are two primary types of sump pumps: submersible and axial.
- Water is channeled out from sump basins using sump pumps, which are tiny pumps. Sump pumps are classified into two categories:
Sump pumps, which were invented in 1946 by U.S. Navy electrician Karl Niedermeyer, have been a frequent fixture in American homes for decades. Until the late 1980s, most residences constructed on floodplains or below the water table were equipped with sump pumps as standard equipment. According to the United States Federal Clean Water Act, sump pumps are now required in many new construction projects. If you live in a modern home, you are likely to have a sump pump, even if you live in an arid region.
What Does a Sump Pump Do?
You most certainly have a sump basin in your basement or crawl space, which is most likely located in a corner or against an outside wall of your home (also called a sump pit). If you remove the debris cover from your sump basin and look inside, you’ll notice many holes in the wall of the basin. Each of these holes is connected to a drainage pipe as follows: Some drain pipes are derived from weeping tile pipes located outside the bottom of your home’s foundation, while others are connected to internal drainage systems located beneath the basement floor of your home.
When the amount of water reaches a specific point, your sump pump activates.
- An overpressure sensor, which provides a signal to your pump when the water pressure in your sump pit exceeds a predetermined threshold
- A float activator arm with a buoyant ball attached, which floats on the surface of the water when activated. When the water level in your basement reaches a specific level, your sump pump kicks in
An impeller within your pump takes water out of the sump pit and propels it up a discharge pipe using centrifugal force. The discharge pipe discharges into a body of water that is located outside your home’s foundations. Discharge pipes should be buried at least 5 inches below the frost level in order to prevent them from freezing during the winter months. It is preferable if they can also flow downhill whenever feasible.
How Does a Sump Pump Work?
The majority of sump pumps are plugged into a home’s energy supply, while others are powered by the city’s water distribution system. Water-driven sump pumps continue to function even when the power is down, making them an excellent choice if you live in a location with a long storm season.
When it comes to operating costs, though, they might be fairly expensive if your city’s municipal water rates are too high. Some sump pumps that run on alternating current include handy battery backups.
How Often Should a Sump Pump Run?
It is likely that your sump pump will be activated on a regular basis if you reside in a floodplain or if your property is below the water table. This is due to water accumulating under your foundation and flowing into your sump pit. You should expect to hear your sump pump working more during periods of heavy rain or during severe storms. Some states receive a significant amount of snow throughout the winter; if you reside in one of these regions, your sump pump will be kept quite busy while the snow and ice melt in the spring.
My Sump Pump Runs Continuously
If your sump pump continues to run indefinitely or more frequently than planned, look for broken pipes, overflowing washers, and other water-related home issues. If you are unable to locate an evident problem, examine within your sump pit. For your own safety, always remember to switch off the electricity to your pump before starting it. The sensor or float activator arm of your pump may be trapped or damaged if the water level is too low to operate. If you notice a substantial amount of water where you did not anticipate it, contact your utility provider and urge them to investigate a possible broken water main.
- Drain lines that are frozen or obstructed
- In the form of a soiled sump pit A sump pit that is too tiny or has collapsed There’s a seasonal underground spring that you’re not aware of
Sump pumps can fail for a variety of reasons, including insufficient capacity. If you live in a rainy climate, be certain that you have a strong pump installed and that your sump pit is large enough to hold the amount of runoff you expect on a consistent basis.
My Sump Pump Doesn’t Run
Continuous sump pump operation is the worst kind of nightmare. There is no activity from the sump pump at all. If you reside in a low-lying location and your sump pump is completely silent, you should be concerned. Eventually, water will pool in your basement, causing growing damp and mold development in the process of drying out. You’ll eventually find yourself in flood-prone region, so it’s critical to have your sump pump in working order as soon as possible. Here are some steps you can take to get started:
- Continuous sump pump activity is the worst possible situation. There is no activity from the sump pump. If you live in a low-lying location and your sump pump is silent, you should be concerned. It is inevitable that water will gather in your basement, causing growing damp and the formation of mold in the process. If you don’t get your sump pump fixed right away, you’ll be in flood-prone zone sooner or later. Listed below are a few actions you can take:
If none of these measures yields any results, you may want to consider replacing the float switch or pressure sensor on your pump. Is this still not working? It’s possible that it’s time to replace the pump.
How Long Does a Sump Pump Last?
In general, pedestal pumps have a longer life span than submersible pumps, although there are exceptions. They’re more noticeable, but they’re also easier to maintain, and according to industry experts, they may last for up to 30 years before needing to be replaced. Submersible pumps are more aesthetically pleasing, but they are also more prone to failure. Submersible pumps have a lifespan of five to ten years, so plan on replacing it after that time.
What Sump Pump Do I Need?
When it comes to purchasing sump pumps, it might be difficult. The majority of individuals choose for submersible pumps or pedestal types, and they customize the features to meet their specific requirements. Following are four factors to keep in mind while looking for a sump pump system:
Choose the Right Horsepower for Your Situation
It is not always the case that more horsepower pumps are preferable.
Installing a big pump if you don’t need one can increase the likelihood of it failing prematurely. Instead, choose for a more compact and energy-efficient pump. Additional Related Articles:
- How to Install a Sump Pump
- Sump Pumps: What You Should Know
- Instructions on How to Install a Sump Pump, Step by Step
- Is Your Sump Pump Sounding the Alarm? What to Do Next is outlined below
Select the Right Float Switch
Mechanical float activator arms are visible and easy to examine, although they do become stuck from time to time for unknown reasons. Electronic switches are more aesthetically pleasing and take up less space in your sump pit, but they are more difficult to repair.
Consider a Backup Sump Pump System
Even while mechanical float activator arms are readily visible and easy to examine, they do become stuck from time to time. However, replacing electronic switches is more difficult since they are more difficult to replace than mechanical switches.
Sump Pump Draining into Yard
Sump pumps are installed in certain homes around the United States. For the purpose of keeping the region dry, it is positioned in the lowest portion of the home. When it comes to homes that have a basement, this is where you may locate it. Another location where you can locate one is in the backyard. When it does not function properly, however, you may notice that the water drains into the yard and sits there instead of flowing downhill away from the house as it should. What should you do if your sump pump is dumping water onto your yard?
Depending on the situation, you may also need to install a downspout extension, a storm drain, a dry well, or even a french drain in your yard.
Let’s take a look at why you should be concerned about sump pumps draining into your yard, the reasons why this occurs, the consequences of too much water, how to maintain your sump pump, and when you should call a professional.
Why You Need to Know About Sump Pump Draining Into the Yard
The purpose of a sump pump is to keep water out of the basement and prevent the home from flooding from occurring. If you have one in your backyard, it will assist you in negative grading and in getting the water out of the yard faster. However, there are occasions when there are issues and the water does not drain in the proper location. There’s nothing worse than having a muddy mess in your yard because of excess rainwater. Fortunately, there are a variety of possible explanations for why this is occurring, and the problem may be resolved.
Reason 1: High Water Table
The water table will rise as a result of a rainy season. To resolve this, the best course of action is to wait for the weather to clear. Calling a professional, on the other hand, may be a smart idea. If you don’t already have a sump pump in your backyard, now could be a good time to acquire one. Consult with an expert to determine whether installing an outside sump pump will be beneficial. If your outdoor sump pump isn’t working, adding an afrench drain may be the solution, especially if this is a recurring problem.
Fortunately, there are less expensive solutions, such as installing a rain garden, that may be considered.
Reason 2: Pump Rate is Too Fast
The water table will rise during a rainy season. The best course of action is to wait for the weather to clear. Calling a professional, on the other hand, may be a wise decision. A backyard sump pump may be beneficial at this time if you do not already have one. Consult with an expert to determine whether or not installing an outside sump pump will be beneficial in your situation. Afrench drain may be necessary if the outside sump pump is not functioning properly, particularly if this occurs frequently.
Adding an addition to an existing property might result in a cost of $7,000 or more. The good news is that there are more cost-effective alternatives, such as installing a rain garden. Additionally, if it is a rainy season, installing an adownspoutwill help to keep water away from the house.
Reason 3: The Drain Field is Poor
Flooding might also be caused by a clogged drain field or yard. In many cases, compacted soil is the cause of the problem, The addition of sand and other materials, on the other hand, can aid in the drainage process. Making certain that the yard slopes away from the house and that you have positive grading are important considerations. If you have negative grading, which means that the ground slopes away from your home, you will need to correct it. This can be accomplished by including dirt, flowers, or other decorative elements.
Reason 4: Water Pipes Rupture Can Be a Reason Sump Pump Draining into Yard
It is possible that water pipes have burst in your yard, resulting in flooding in your yard. Various materials are used to construct pipes, and it is crucial to understand which material is being used in your house and yard. Perhaps you have polybutylene pipes on hand? These pipes, which may be located in crawlspaces, have the potential to burst, resulting in an excessive volume of water being discharged into the sump pump and out to the yard. If your home was built between 1978 and 1995, there is a good chance that this sort of pipe is in your yard or house.
- These are not suitable for our conditions in the Pacific Northwest and are prone to breaking.
- Last but not least, you may have copper pipes.
- An infrared themography check can be carried out by a house inspector.
- It will not tell the expert where the pipe is broken, but it will give him or her an idea so that he or she may replace it without tearing up the entire yard.
Results of Too Much Water
Mold will begin to grow in the basement if the sump pump is not functioning properly and water is backing up into the basement. You will need to have the sump pump repaired in order to stop the problem from occurring again. After that, you’ll need to devote some time to cleaning up the mold while wearing safety clothing. Sinkhole – When there is an excessive amount of water in the yard, a sinkhole might occur. If you suspect a sinkhole is developing, keep an eye on the ground and call a professional for assistance.
Mosquitoes must be controlled, and there are natural methods for doing so.
Maintenance of Sump Pump
Sump pumps require regular maintenance, and the frequency with which this should be performed varies depending on the sort of water that is being pumped out.
Here is a video that will help you understand how to maintain your vehicle:
When to Call a Professional
If you’re not sure what’s causing your yard to flood, see an expert. It is advisable to identify the perpetrator as soon as possible to avoid causing more damage. Mold removal can also be assisted by a professional, as previously indicated.
If you’re not sure what’s causing your yard to flood, see a qualified specialist for help. Investigating the source of the problem is a smart idea since it can prevent extensive harm. Mold removal is another service that a professional may do, as previously stated.