How To Replace Thermostat On Water Heater

How To Replace A Water Heater Thermostat

Please keep in mind that this content may contain affiliate links. This means that, at no additional cost to you, we may gain a small profit on purchases made via our links. The replacement of a onethermostat is an ideal time to replace both the upper and lower thermostats at the same time.

Testing the Thermostats on a Dual Element Water Heater

Because the majority of electric water heaters employ both an upper and a bottom element, the procedure outlined below is intended for these models only. A multimeter and a screwdriver will be required for this test. You can get an excellent, affordable multimeter online or at your local hardware shop for less than $20. Putting the UPPER thermostat through its paces:

  1. Immediately turn off the water heater’s electricity. Remove the panels that provide access to the elements, as well as the insulation beneath them
  2. Set the upperthermostat to the highest level possible with a screwdriver. Lower the lowerthermostat to its most conservative setting
  3. Restart the water heater by turning the power back on. Check the two wires above the reset button to ensure that electricity is being sent to the water heater. The voltage should be shown as 240 volts. Check the power on the upper element terminal screws with your multimeter to ensure they are not faulty. If there is no power, the thermostat is defective and must be replaced. Ensure that the lower thermostat is operational if there is electricity.

Putting the LOWER thermostat through its paces:

  1. Set the top thermostat to the lowest setting possible. Make sure that the lower thermostat is set to its maximum setting. Check to see whether there is voltage on the bottom component. Assuming the multimeter indicates that there is power at the element, take a few minutes for the water to warm up.
  • The lower thermostat should be adjusted to the lowest setting. Make sure the lower thermostat is set to the highest possible level. Inspect the lower part to ensure that it is properly charged with voltage (see below). Allow a few minutes for the water to boil up if the multimeter indicates power at the element.
  • To determine whether there is power at the element if there is no voltage, check the lower thermostat.
  • In order to test the top contact screw, place one of the multimeter probes there and another probe on the metal shell of the water tank. It should display a voltage measurement of about 120 volts. The top thermostat, which supplies voltage to the lower thermostat, will need to be replaced if there is no indication of operation. Place one probe on the lower contact screw of the water tank and the second probe on the metal casing of the water tank if a reading is obtained. It should display around 120 volts. If this is not the case, the lower thermostat will have to be changed.

Electric Water Heater Thermostat Replacement

Before working on a water heater, make sure the electricity is turned off or the breaker is turned off. You will need to remove the access panel and the safety cover in order to change the thermostats (do this for both upper and lower access panels on dual element units). Make sure the power is turned off with a voltage meter for the sake of safety before proceeding. Make a basic schematic of how the wires are linked to the diagram and label it accordingly. Remove the wires from the thermostat and set them aside.

Step 2

In order for the thermostat to sense the internal water temperature, it must be secured in place by means of a particular bracket that clamps down on it tightly against the tank wall. Remove one side of the bracket by gently prying it out while twisting the other side of the thermostat upwards to prevent the bracket from locking back into place. Repeat the process on the opposite side. On dual element versions, repeat the process with the lower thermostat.

Step 3

To purchase a replacement thermostat, bring the old thermostat(s) with you. Despite the fact that most thermostats are interchangeable, the greatest results are obtained by precisely matching the parts.

Step 4

If the bracket was broken during the removal of the thermostat, you can purchase a replacement bracket at the same time. When the old bracket is removed, the new one should be placed flat against the tank and dragged downward until it is securely in place.

Step 5

Replacement brackets are available if the bracket was destroyed during the thermostat removal process. The old bracket can be wrenched upward to remove it, and the new one may be put flat against the tank and slid downward until it is securely in place.

Gas Water Heater Thermostat Replacement

Gas water heaters employ a different sort of thermostat system than electric water heaters. Generally speaking, on gas water heaters, the gas control valve, which incorporates both an adjustable thermostat and a heat limiting mechanism, is positioned on the outside of the unit, near the bottom. It may be distinguished from other components by the fact that it has temperature and pilot light controls.

The thermostat on a gas water heater will need to be replaced, and the gas control valve will need to be replaced as well. Do you need to change a water heater thermocouple or a water heater element? Refer to this page. Take a look at our articles on the subject!

Test & Replace a Water Heater Thermostat: DIY Guide

We shall almost certainly all be confronted with the situation of a water heater that is not producing any hot water at some point in our lives. We have two options: either contact a qualified plumber or do it ourselves. Fortunately, most water heaters can be repaired reasonably quickly and inexpensively. There are two primary reasons for a water heater not working: If you’ve never checked or changed a water heater thermostat before, it might seem like a difficult process at first glance. It’s not too difficult.

When bathing or cleaning, no one enjoys using cold water.

In this post, we will look at how to diagnose your electric water heaterthermostat and how to replace it if it becomes damaged or malfunctioning.

How Electric Water Heater Thermostats Work

When you begin to realize that your water heater isn’t operating as efficiently as it should, the thermostat is more than likely the source of the problem, or at the very least a contributing factor. No need to repair the entire electric heater when you can save yourself both time and money by just replacing the thermostat instead. Once you’ve gone over the following instructions, it will only take a few minutes. Electric water heater thermostats function by opening and shutting connections, which allow electricity to pass to the heating components of the water heater.

  1. Modern home water heaters are equipped with two heating components as well as two thermostats.
  2. The higher thermostat differs from the lower thermostat in several ways.
  3. It is quite rare for both thermostats to fail at the same time (although I do recommend replacing both when one fails).
  4. Whenever a lower heating element or thermostat fails, the top thermostat and heating element will take over and continue to heat water in the upper part of the hot water storage tank.

Are Electric Water Heater Thermostats Universal?

No, not all water heater thermostats are designed to be interchangeable. It is important to note that there are certain differences in thermostats between single-element and dual-element water heaters. Additionally, with dual-element water heaters, there is a differential between the top and bottom thermostats. In order to properly select a water heater thermostat, you must first determine the number of elements and the voltage of the water heater in question. It is possible to obtain this information from the data tag located on the side of the water heater.

The voltage is inscribed on the end of the heating element, and it may be read with a magnifying glass.

There are more than 50 different household tank-style electric water heaters available on the market, and the thermostats on the majority of them are designed to be interchangeable. When making a purchase, it is important to thoroughly read the product description.

Dual-ElementThermostats

Typical household water heater thermostats are seen in this photo, which includes an upper and lower thermostat for each. Because it is located above the lower thermostat, the thermostat on the left has a high limit switch, which can be identified by the red reset button. The upper thermostat is in charge of controlling both the upper element and the lower thermostat, respectively. When you look at it from this angle, you can see the bottom thermostat, which regulates the lower element. For a replacement kit that includes two heating elements, upper and lower thermostats, and seals, we offer theRheem SP20060 Electric Water Heater Tune-Up Kit, which can be purchased on Amazon.com for about $30.

A universal upperthermostat produced by Rheem is what we’re looking at here.

It is a Rheem lower thermostat that is universal in use.

Single-Element Thermostats

The thermostat seen here is for a water heater with a single heating element. The thermostat is very similar to an upper dual-element thermostat, with the only variation being the amount of wire terminals on the thermostat. In this case, the single element thermostat has just two terminals on the right side and four on the left side, as you can see in the illustration. If you require a single-element thermostat, the Camco 07843 Single Element Water Heater Thermostat with HLC is a good option to consider purchasing.

The following is a list of the supplies you’ll require:

  • In addition, you’ll need a 1/4-inch nut driver or a flathead screwdriver, two Phillips screwdrivers, an analog or digital multimeter/voltmeter, and a new thermostat.

How to Test a Water Heater Thermostat for Continuity – Step-By-Step

We must examine the thermostats for continuity in order to identify whether or not the thermostat has failed. You’ll need an analog or digital multimeter for this, which you can get here. WARNING: Working with electricity is extremely hazardous and can result in death. Before dealing with wiring or electrical connections, be certain that the power is turned off. Follow these procedures to determine which thermostat is malfunctioning.

Step 1: Turn the power off

Make your go to your circuit board and locate the water heater breaker to switch off the power supply. Discover and switch off the breaker that is labeled “water heater” or “hot water” in the electrical panel box where the water heater is located.

Step 2: Remove the outside access covers

Make your way to your circuit board and locate the water heater breaker, which you may switch off the power supply at using it. Locate the breaker inside the electrical panel box that is labeled “water heater” or “hot water,” and flip the breaker to the “off” position.

Step 3: Confirm power is off to the water heater

Make sure the water heater is not receiving electricity before working on it with a multimeter before doing anything on the thermostat. If you have a voltage stick, you may also use it to measure the voltage.

Connect the top and legs of the multimeter at the same time, using the multimeter connectors. The meter should be set to zero. Touch each leg of the water heater while the black connector is in contact with it to ensure there is no electricity.

Step 4: Check the high limit reset button

If the manual reset switch, also known as the high limit reset button, has been tripped, it should be replaced. This button will trip on occasion if any of the following conditions are met:

  • There is a short circuit between the thermostat contacts
  • The thermostat is out of tune
  • The heating element has failed

Step 5: Disconnect the wiring

Take a photo with your phone or a digital camera to use as a reference if it becomes necessary to identify which cables are connected to which terminal in the future. To detach the wiring from the thermostat terminals, unscrew the terminal screws using a Phillips #2 screwdriver and pull the wiring away from the terminals.

Step 6: Check the thermostat with a multimeter

Set the resistance of the multimeter to the lowest ohms possible (typically x10). Using your fingers, squeeze the probes together and adjust the needle to zero to calibrate your meter. To check the resistance of a digital multimeter, set it to the lowest possible value of resistance (usually 200), or, if your multimeter has an option for resistance with tone, choose it. Take one of the black probes from your multimeter and insert it into the screw terminal on the left side of the instrument. Take the red probe and connect it to the other left-side terminal on the other side.

  • This means that the thermostat is not functioning properly and must be replaced.
  • For a demonstration, please see the video above.
  • As soon as you have finished testing your water heater thermostat, you may either reconnect the wire and close the access cover, or you can proceed to the next step, which is replacing the thermostat.
  • How to Test and Replace a Faulty Water Heating Element is a step-by-step guide that explains how to accomplish this in further detail.

How to Replace a Faulty Water Heater Thermostat – Step-By-Step

Once you’ve discovered which thermostat is faulty, it’s time to begin the process of removing and replacing it. Insider’s Tip: As previously said, it is typically a good idea to change both thermostats and heating components on a yearly or biannual basis. The reason for this is that if one of the heating components is beginning to fail, it has the potential to short out the replacement thermostat shortly after it has been placed, causing it to fail. Some of the stages will be repeated in this section.

For those who have not yet tested their thermostats, we will first go through the preparatory processes.

Step 1: Turn the power off

Following your determination of which thermostat is faulty, it is time to begin the procedure of removing and replacing it. Insider’s Tip: As previously stated, it is normally recommended that both thermostats and heating components be replaced. One of the reasons for this is that if one of the heating components is beginning to fail, it may cause the replacement thermostat to short out quickly after it has been set up.

There are a few stages that you will repeat in this section. Following the testing methods provided above, you may be able to skip to Step 5. For those who have not yet tested their thermostats, we will go over the preparatory stages again. So, let’s get this party started!

Step 2: Remove the outside access covers

Once you’ve discovered which thermostat is malfunctioning, it’s time to begin the process of removing and replacing it. Insider’s Tip: As previously said, it is normally recommended to change both thermostats and heating components on a yearly basis. The reason for this is that if one of the heating components is beginning to fail, it has the potential to short out the replacement thermostat quickly after it has been placed, causing it to malfunction. Some of the processes will be repeated again here.

See also:  How To Test Water Heater Element With Multimeter

For those who have not yet tested their thermostats, we will first go over the preparatory stages again.

Step 3: Confirm power is off to the water heater

Each wire should be tested with your multimeter/voltmeter. This may be accomplished by grounding one of the lines and checking each terminal one at a time until the problem is resolved. Even if you have shut off the power at the circuit breaker, you should always double-check your work using one of these meters to ensure that you have not electrocuted yourself. Connect the top and legs of the multimeter at the same time, using the multimeter connectors. The meter should read 0 at this point. Touch each leg of the water heater while the black connector is in contact with it to ensure there is no electricity.

Step 4: Disconnect the wiring

Take a photo with your phone or a digital camera to use as a reference if it becomes necessary to identify which cables are connected to which terminal in the future. Disconnect the wiring from each terminal on the thermostat with a Phillips screwdriver #2. Remove the thermostat from the wall.

Step 5: Remove the defective thermostat

Gently remove the old thermostat by pulling outward on the clips and raising the thermostat up and out of the retaining bracket with your finger or a flathead screwdriver. Caution should be exercised to avoid breaking the retainer bracket. It is possible that breaking this retaining clip will result in the need to replace your water heater.

Step 6: Insert the new thermostat

Inserting the new thermostat into the retaining bracket that holds the old thermostat in place will allow you to precisely position the new thermostat. Reconnect the wires to the relevant terminals by twisting them together. If necessary, you can refer to the photograph you took previously for guidance. Check to see that each wire is securely linked to the next. Check to see that the thermostat is securely attached to the water heater, otherwise the thermostat may not operate correctly. After that, adjust the thermostat to the temperature you like for the water.

These modifications may be accomplished with the use of a flathead screwdriver.

The following is an insider’s tip: If you intend to replace your heating element with your new thermostat, you will need to empty the water heater first.

Some people propose doing a quick change without draining the storage tank; however, I do not encourage this because any mistakes might cause harm to the interior of your house. Check out our post on how to empty your water heater, as well as additional water heater care advice.

Step 7: Reattach the cover panels

Now that you’ve completed the replacement, it’s time to seal everything up and double-check your work for mistakes. Remove the plastic protective cover and insulation and replace them with new ones. Reattach the outside access panels if they have been removed.

Step 8: Turn the power back on

Following the completion of the installation, return to the electrical box and re-energize the circuit breaker (if necessary). Hot water recovery will take around one hour to complete, but you should be able to use hot water within 15 minutes after turning on the faucet. Over the next several days, make sure to check on the water heater on a regular basis.

Water Heater Thermostat FAQs

Electric water heater thermostats are typically pre-set by the manufacturer to 110 or 120 degrees Fahrenheit, depending on the model. You have the option of increasing the temperature to the maximum setting, which is typically 150 degrees Fahrenheit, if necessary (65 degrees Celsius). The maximum water temperature setting should be no greater than 120 degrees Fahrenheit (48 degrees Celsius), since a higher setting might provide a scorching threat to small children and the elderly.

Should water heater thermostats be set to the same temperature?

In fact, the top and lower thermostats should both be set at the same temperature. The dip tube is responsible for delivering cold water to the bottom of the tank. Having consistent settings across the tank helps to keep the temperature consistent throughout the tank.

What would cause a water heater thermostat to burn up?

A malfunctioning heating element, a power surge, or just the passage of time can cause a water heater thermostat to burn up. When internal components of water heater thermostats wear out, they become faulty and fail. Even with regular electric currents, an older thermostat may experience failure. If the manual reset switch on your water heater thermostat does not work, the thermostat will need to be repaired or replaced. Replacement of both thermostats and heating elements should be done at the same time because if one of the heating elements is beginning to fail, it may cause the new thermostat to short out shortly after it is installed, which is not recommended.

Final Thoughts

Simply said, that’s the whole story! Water heaters aren’t too difficult to maintain, and replacing a thermostat can be completed in a matter of minutes if you know what you’re doing and have the right tools. The most important thing to remember while working with electrical equipment is to avoid taking shortcuts. Although it is possible to change your water heater thermostat in a short period of time utilizing the correct skills and tools, doing so is not recommended. DISCLAIMER: The information provided on HomeInspectionInsider.com is not intended to be professional guidance.

It is owned and operated by Hubert Miles who is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by placing advertisements and links on their websites that direct traffic to Amazon.com (hereinafter referred to as “Amazon.com” or “Amazon.com Associates Program”).

As an affiliate, HomeInspectionInsider.com participates in a variety of affiliate programs with other websites. Hubert Miles receives a commission for recommending visitors and commerce to these businesses.

5 Easy Steps For a DIY Water Heater Thermostat Repair

Hot water is a luxury that most of us can’t imagine not having at our disposal. Consider all of the numerous ways you use hot water in your daily life – for dishes, for clothing, for bathing, for mopping, and so forth. Having a malfunctioning water heater in your home will give you a sense of how critical and vital your water heater is to your daily routine and way of life. Water heaters are available in a variety of configurations, including electric, propane, and natural gas. Each operates in a slightly different way, but they both provide the same purposes, which include heating water and storing it until it is needed again.

When the thermostat in your water heater malfunctions, you will be unable to monitor or control the temperature of your hot water.

When Should You Repair Your Water Heater Thermostat?

When it comes to your water heater, there are a few tell-tale indicators that you should be aware of and pay attention to. Some of the indicators listed below may indicate that your water heater needs to be serviced or repaired.

Your Water is Too Hot

The presence of very hot water is a strong sign that your thermostat is set too high. Other external variables, such as the changing of the seasons, may also contribute to this problem, and you should adjust the suggested setting when the weather changes from cold to warm. If you are unable to reduce the temperature of your water, you may need to replace the entire thermostat or do a thorough inspection for any wiring problems. Find a professional to assist you in resolving thermostat wiring difficulties in order to avoid injury or more harm.

There’s Not Enough Hot Water

Cold weather conditions can also contribute to a lack of hot water availability. It’s possible that you have chilly pipes that aren’t properly insulated, or that your thermostat has failed. There are a variety of additional concerns that might arise, including loose wiring, broken equipment, and a hot water tank that is too small for your needs.

Water Takes Too Long to Reheat

Electric water heaters are notorious for taking a long time to heat up. Heater reheating time is approximately twice as long as it takes for a gas heater to heat up. If you notice that it is taking even longer to heat, it is possible that there is an issue with the heating components or thermostat.

A Step-by-Step Guide to Repair a Water Heater Thermostat

A water heater’s thermostat is responsible for regulating the temperature of the water. It is possible that if the temperature is adjusted too low, the water will cool before it is sent to the faucet. Furthermore, if the temperature is set too high, you run the danger of being burned or scalded by the water temperature that is emitted from the faucet. In the event that you do not have hot water, here is how to fix a thermostat:

  1. Figure out where the upper and lower thermostats are
  2. The power supply of both thermostats should be checked. To establish whether the thermostat will or will not function, press the button to reset it one more. If there is no power to the upper system, the thermostat should be replaced. The top heating element should be replaced if your upper system is getting electricity but there is no hot water coming out of it.

If the temperature of your water isn’t just correct, you may easily adjust the thermostat by yourself.

Here are three simple things that Sacramento people may do to protect themselves.

1. Locate Your Water Heater’s Temperature Control Knob.

When the temperature control knob is turned, it is connected to the heater’s heat source, which is normally red and positioned on the front, lower center area of the heater’s body.

2. Look for the Small Black Line or Arrow above the Knob.

A temperature setting may be labeled “warm” or “hot” in this area, depending on the current temperature setting. This can alternatively be shown by a black line (120 degrees Fahrenheit) or a white line (140 degrees Fahrenheit) (105-110 degrees Fahrenheit).

3. Adjust the Temperature Somewhere Between 105 and 120 DegreesFahrenheit.

What factors should you consider before deciding whether to repair or replace your water heater? In most cases, if there isn’t a leak, the damage is minimal and can usually be fixed quickly and simply. For example, tank wear and rust are two of the most prevalent types of problems you’ll observe with your water heating system. These are often minor concerns that may be resolved with minimal effort. If your tank is leaking, it is preferable for you to replace it rather than attempt to fix it.

Additionally, leaking tanks can result in hazardous water damage to your personal belongings, and if the water isn’t cleaned up immediately, mold-breeding fungus can form.

  • The drain valve
  • The cold water inlet
  • And the hot water inlet. In addition to the anode rod, the dip tube and the pressure release valve are also included.

You should call a local specialist if you are experiencing problems with your water heater in the Sacramento region to decide whether it needs to be replaced or repaired.

How to select and replace thermostat on electric water heater

Replacement steps start here
Power if OFFDo not empty water out of heater Turn power OFF Turn off 20 or 30 Amp circuit breaker to 240V water heaterSee basic water heater wiring diagram Or 20 Amp circuit breaker to 120V water heaterCheck label on side of water heater for appliance voltageFigure volts amps watts Wattage is stamped on end of elementsee example
Never assume power is OFF/ Use non-contact voltage tester Use non-contact voltage tester on timer, on wire, on outlet to see if power is present.Press button on tester, if single beep then no power is present. If continuous beep then power is present.Never stand on bare ground, always stand on dry boards, do not hold or touch anything metal when working on timer or water heater that has power, tape tester leads to wood sticks, never touch wet water heater, or flooded water heater, or timer that had a short or fire without turning power OFF.Buy:Multimeters at AmazonBuy non-contact voltage tester at AmazonElectric testers at AmazonShop Amazon – Industrial and scientificShop Amazon – Industrial Electric Products
How to find age of water heater How to use ordinary tester/ 120, 208, or 240V:Stand on dry boardsNever touch wet water heater unless power is OFFTape tester leads to wood sticks1. Test black wire to ground wire2. Test black wire to white wire3. Test white wire to ground wireIf indicator lights up, then electricity is present.
Newer tanks have foam insulation that may need to be cut back. Insulation must be re-installed. Do not empty water out of heater Not necessary to wait for water to cool. Can be done with hot water inside tank.Power must be OFF.Use screwdriver to remove covers and insulation from tankSome 240Volt tanks have single access door and single thermostatBuy new parts that match oldBuy parts at hardware storeThermostats and elements are generally interchangeable between brands of electric water heaterException is Whirlpool energy-smart shown lower on page.Thermostats usually covered with plastic protector shield.New protector shield packaged with some new thermostatsPurpose of protector is to protect homeowner from electrocution when pushing reset button or adjusting temperature when power is ON.Older heaters may not have plastic shield.Buy:Upper element terminal protectorLower element terminal protector
Take photo of wires. before startingTake photo of wires or draw picture showing location of each wire
Larger imageSee large image of overall wiring diagram Wire colors can varyTake photo of wiring before starting.See upper thermostats showing numbers Steps to replace thermostat Instructions are same for both upper and lower thermostatsPower is OFF, and tested that power is off using steps aboveUse digital camera and take photo of wires or draw picture showing location of each wireRemove wires from thermostatThermostat is held in place by metal spring that snaps over ears on thermostatPull back metal spring on both sides (make a tool using piece of coat hanger wire)Slide out old thermostatPut new thermostat in place, wiggle thermostat around to make sure it is held flat and tight against tank by metal spring Thermostat reads temperature through surface of metal tankUse screwdriver to adjust temperatureSee images showing how to adjust temperature to 120�(or higher if hot water runs short)Re-connect wirestighten screws very firm against copper wireImportant. Push-in red reset button firmly to make sure it is engagedAfter thermostat is replaced, put factory insulation back over thermostat Insulation must cover thermostat to avoid higher water temperatures than desired set point Tank must be full of water or elements will instantly burn outTurn power ONPut ear against water heater to hear bubbly fizzing sound that says water heater is ‘on’If tank is fully heated, water heater will not turn on. If tank is partially heated, then lower element will turn on. If tank is cold, then upper element will turn on.How it works Put access doors back on tank Access doors and insulation are required for thermostat to read correct temperatureIf water heater is still not working,see troubleshooting
Burned thermostatWhat caused it?Electricity found path from terminals on thermostat to bare metal tank. But fire did not spread because tank factory-installed covers and insulation were on side of tankAlways connect ground wire to water heaterAlways keep insulation and cover installed on tank. Inspection finds Burned thermostat or melted wire Turn power OFFReplace partTest wiresTest wires with MultimeterBuy:Multimeters at AmazonResourceHow to test water heater wires
Fire safety Fire safetyAll wires must be same gauge (same diameter). Or connect different gauge wires using push-on wire connectorsOnly copper wire used.Solid wire only. Never use stranded wire.Only copper under screw plate, no insulation under screw plate.Maximum 2 wires under screw plate.Wires must be fully inserted under screw plate. And screw plate very tight against wires.Wires cannot run over top of thermostat or elements, and must be pushed aside.Wires can run over top of other wires, but not at point where wires are making connection to either element or thermostat.
Use push-on wire connectors when wires are too shortBuy:Push on wire connectors at AmazonRed 3P connector (shown) for 10-14 gauge wireYellow 4P for 12-18 gauge wire
Thermostat must sit flat against tank Wiggle thermostat to make sure it sits flat against tankThermostat sits flat against tank wall so temperature reading is accurate and water heater is protected from overheatingAccess doors and insulation must be put back over thermostat to avoid higher water temperatures than desired set point, which leads to overheating, which will trip ECO reset.
See larger Double-check thermostat wiringCompare wiring with illustrationResources:How to wire thermostatsHow water heater thermostats workRed reset button:ECO energy cut off turns off power to water heater when temperature reaches 150�-170�
Adjust temperature on thermostat using screwdriver. Recommended temperature is 120 degrees F for efficiency and to avoid scalding water.If home is running short of hot water, turn temperature up.Thermostat settings are approximate. Calibration is different for each thermostat. Use cooking thermometer to measure water temperature when exact temperature is needed.Problems from high temperature setting include higher bill, faster sediment build-up. Minerals can distill out of water when water is above 140 degrees.Water expands with higher heat. TP valve releases water. Pressure should not exceed 80 psi.Resources:How to adjust water heater temperature9 ways to save with water heaterTest and replace TP valve.Install expansion tank.Inspect for leaks once per year.Test for high water pressure over 80psi that can damage tank and pipesFormulas and terminology
Insulation and cover must be over thermostat. Exposing thermostat to cool room temperature will cause tank to overheat.Thermostat cannot read correct temperature unless covered correctly.Buy:Upper element terminal protectorLower element terminal protectorResourceTroubleshoot electric water heater
Inspection finds leak/ rust around elementResources:Replace element and gasketInspect anode rodLeaking water heater resourcesHow to install electric water heater
Circuit breakers/ push fully OFF / and then fully ONWater heater is tripping breakerHow to replace circuit breakerHow to wire gfciCan AC breaker be used for DC breakerHow to reset circuit breakerNot enough space for circuit breakersCircuit breakersHow to install subpanelWhy you need ground wireMatch breaker and wire sizeHow to wire subpanelSee inside breaker boxHow to wire safety switchHow to wire whole house surge protectorFigure volts amps and wattsFigure correct wire and breaker
Add another thermostat to water heaterFor example turn off power to recirculation pump that pumps water from solar panel or secondary tank.or control electric water heater from the gas water heater. or turn off solenoid valve that turns off gas line. or connect to indicator light to notify when tank reaches set point. or connect to solenoid water valve that turns on hot water. Thermostat is mechanical and will work with 12-12 Volt AC-DC, 120-208-240, 277 volt AC electricity.ResourceAdd another thermostat to gas or electric water heater
Bi-metal thermostat with magnet for all kinds of DIY projects Bi-metal thermostats/ fireplace, furnace, cooling fan etc Magnetic. no bracket needed.ON at 120F / OFF at 90 F. use relay if you want OFF at 120F and ON at 90FRated 15 amps @ 120 Volt. Works with any voltage 12-24-28-120-208-240-277Mechanical switch requires no voltage to operate switchBuy90-120 degree F thermostat:Magnetic thermostat kit at AmazonThermostat switches at AmazonAdjustable thermostat 90-120Oven thermostatResources:Bi-metal thermostat switch limitsT36 therm-o-disc
See also:  How To Get Water Out Of Basement Without A Pump

How to replace an electric water heater thermostat

If you are experiencing problems with your water heater in the Sacramento region, consult with a local professional to decide if it should be replaced or just fixed.

How to Replace a Water Heater Thermostat (Ultimate Guide)

You’ve turned on your hot faucet, but the water is suddenly too hot. Have you tried altering the temperature but found that nothing worked? After that, it’s most likely time to replace the thermostat on the water heater. If your water heater has a thermostat, changing it shouldn’t be a major undertaking. We’re here to lead you through the process and teach you a little bit about what to look out for along the way.

How to Replace a Water Heater Thermostat

Replacing a thermostat is a very simple task, albeit the technique varies depending on how many heating components are present in your tank. The majority of electric water heaters on the market today have two heating components. Smaller units or older versions are more likely to have only one. Your tank is equipped with a thermostat that corresponds to each of those heating sources. If your unit has a dual element system, it most likely does, and it will require two thermostats that are similar.

We’ll concentrate on the twin element system because it’s the most common type of water heater.

Because the top thermostat is responsible for supplying electricity to the lower thermostat, replacing both saves time.

  • A thermostat may be replaced by the homeowner, although the technique varies according on how many heating components are present in the tank. In most cases, the heating components in modern electric water heaters are two or more. A single battery is commonly found in smaller devices or older versions. Your tank is equipped with a thermostat that corresponds to each of those heat sources. You have a dual element system in your unit, which means you need two thermostats that are similar in performance. Having one is required by the single element system. We’ll concentrate on the twin element system because it is the most common type of water heater. What a Fantastic Concept! Although only one thermostat may be malfunctioning, it is advised that both be replaced. Replacing both thermostats saves time because the top thermostat gives electricity to the lower. In order to change the thermostat, you’ll need the following supplies:

1.Turn the Power Off

The first step is to switch off the power to the water heater.

By flipping the breaker to the “Off” position at the breaker box, you may complete this task.

2.Check Upper and Lower Thermostats

First and foremost, it is critical to thoroughly inspect the thermostats before they are replaced. This will necessitate the use of the multimeter and a screwdriver. Begin by removing the access panels and the insulation that has been placed in front of the elements. Next, using the screwdriver, raise the top thermostat to its maximum setting. Then reduce the temperature on the bottom thermostat to its lowest level. Reconnect the electricity to the water heater if it has been disconnected. Check for voltage with your multimeter or voltmeter to see if it is coming through.

  1. Following that, attach the multimeter to the upper element using the terminal screws.
  2. Whether there is electricity, check the lower thermostat to see if it is working.
  3. To remedy this, crank up the lower thermostat to the maximum setting and down the higher thermostat to the lowest setting on the thermostat.
  4. If there is voltage, it is just a matter of replacing the higher thermostat.

3.Turn the Power off Again

After you’ve determined that one or both of the thermostats in the unit need to be replaced, turn the power back off to the unit. Do not proceed if the water heater is still connected to the circuit. To check for voltage, use a voltmeter or a multimeter to measure the current.

4.Remove Bracket

The thermostats are held in place by specific brackets that ensure that they remain in close contact with the tank at all times. This is done in order for them to be able to detect the temperature of the water. Make use of the screwdriver’s shaft to gently but firmly push out one side at a time, starting with the left side. To remove the bracket, pry one side of it apart while carefully twisting the thermostat upward. If you do this, the bracket will not be able to lock. Don’t be concerned if you break the bracket by mistake; it will be replaced.

5.Disconnect the Wires

Disconnect the wires one by one, starting with the ground. When you are through with one wire, apply a little piece of colorful tape or a band-aid to the wire and the terminal it is connected to. Each wire and terminal set should be labeled with a different color. When you’re finished, you’ll be able to easily reinstall them in the proper location.

6.Remove the Thermostat

Individually disconnect the cables. Disconnect one wire at a time and cover the wire and its terminal with a small piece of colorful tape or a band-aid. Make each wire and terminal set a distinct color by using various markers. When you’re through, you’ll be able to put them back in the proper area.

7.Install New Thermostat

Keep in mind that the replacement thermostat must be an exact replica of the one that was replaced. If this is not the case, it may not function properly or at all. Take your new thermostat and secure it in place with the retention clips on either side. Adjust its position so that it is flush with the tank wall. Reconnect the circuit wires to the appropriate screw terminals on the circuit board.

Check to ensure that they are the same as the original wiring. Color-coded tape comes in helpful at this point; simply recall where each color should go and remove the tape. Tighten the screw terminals with the screwdriver, making sure they are completely secure.

8.Set the Temperature

Set the temperature on the thermostat once it has been installed. Use the flat-bladed screwdriver to carefully adjust the thermostat to the temperature you want it to be. It’s important to remember that the optimal temperature for a water heater is 120 degrees Fahrenheit. This is beneficial for a variety of reasons, including efficiency and safety (1).

9.Replace Insulation and Cover

You’re nearly finished! Replace the insulation so that it completely encircles the thermostat and its electrical components. Replace the compartment lid and tighten the screws to keep it in place. Reconnect the electricity at the breaker box and allow the device to warm up for at least two hours before using it. Turning on the faucet after two hours will allow you to check the temperature of the water.

Are All Thermostats the Same?

Congratulations, you are nearly finished! In order to protect the thermostat and electrical components, the insulation must be replaced. Insert two screws into the compartment cover to hold it in place. Allow for at least two hours of heating time after re-entering the power through the breaker box. Turning on the faucet after two hours will allow you to check the water temperature.

Gas Water Heater Thermostats

Replace the thermostat on an agas water heater since it is not as simple as it may appear. For starters, the thermostat on a gas unit is a part of the gas control valve, rather than being separate. Consequently, if the thermostat is not functioning correctly, you would need to replace the entire gas valve. Despite the fact that you might be able to accomplish it if you have prior experience, we strongly advise against it. Working with a number of different gas connections is required while changing the gas control valve.

As a result, we recommend that you call a heating contractor or a plumber in your area.

This is especially true if the equipment is nearing the end of its warranty period or has suffered significant damage.

Not a Faulty Thermostat?

Replace the thermostat on an agas water heater since it is not as simple as it may seem. For starters, the thermostat on a gas unit is a part of the gas control valve, which makes it easier to maintain. You’d have to replace the entire gas valve if your thermostat wasn’t functioning correctly. It is possible that you will be able to complete it if you have prior experience, although this is not recommended. This involves dealing with several different types of gas connections while changing the control valve.

So we advise you to get in touch with either an HVAC company or a plumbing company near you.

Moreover, in certain situations, a malfunctioning gas valve is so expensive that it might be warrantied against the purchase of a whole new unit. When an item is nearing the end of its warranty or has been seriously damaged, this is very important to remember!

Get It Done

Replace a water heater thermostat if you have an electric one because it is reasonably simple to do. Simply turn off the power, detach the wires, and carefully remove the thermostat before replacing and reconnecting them. If you have a gas unit, on the other hand, you should consult with an expert since working with gas is extremely dangerous and there is no room for error. If you’re replacing your electric thermostat, make sure you get one that’s exactly like it. Nonetheless, if your intake water is very hard, be sure to inspect the heating components.

Are you eager to put your skills to the test and replace your thermostat?

Alternatively, if you have any further questions or remarks, please post them in the comments section below.

How to Replace a Water Heater Thermostat

Depending on why your water heater has stopped operating, it may have failed to obtain a temperature measurement. If this is the case, do you know how to change the water heater thermostat? If this is the case, you’ve come to the correct spot. Before purchasing a new replacement component, you should ensure that your old thermostats have been thoroughly tested. The replacement of thermostats is a waste of time and money if the thermostats are not the source of the problem. These are the operating instructions for electric water heaters.

See also:  How Long Is A Water Heater Good For

How to Test a Water Heater Thermostat

Most electric water heaters have two thermostats, and it is possible that one or both of them are malfunctioning. Keep in mind that the upper thermostat is responsible for supplying voltage to the lower thermostat. Here’s how to figure out what has to be replaced:

  1. Turn off the electricity to the water heater
  2. Remove the access panels and insulation to gain access to the thermostats and heating/cooling elements. By rotating the dial in the middle of the higher thermostat to high and the lower thermostat to low using a screwdriver, you may set the top thermostat to high and the lower thermostat to low. For greater temperatures, turn the knob clockwise
  3. For lower temperatures, turn the knob counterclockwise
  4. Restore power to the system
  5. Check the wires above the reset button on the thermostat with a multimeter (we recommend theUEI UTL33T digital multimeter) to ensure that they are reading 240v. Inspect the higher element for power by checking the terminal screws on the upper element. If there is no electricity, it is necessary to replace this thermostat. If you do discover that there is electricity, then check the lower thermostat setting. Set the lower thermostat to high while keeping the upper thermostat at low temperature. As before, check certain that there is voltage, this time to the bottom element.
  • If there is electricity and the water begins to heat up, the lower thermostat is most likely in excellent working order. When you lower the temperature of your water heater, you should hear a clicking sound. That’s the sound of your thermostat turning on. If there is no voltage, then check the lower thermostat by putting one probe of the multimeter to the top contact screw and the other probe to the metal of the tank. If there is no voltage, then check the upper thermostat. Unless you receive a reading, you will need to have the higher thermostat repaired or replaced. If you obtain 120 volts, you know that the higher thermostat is working properly. Remove the probe from the top contact screw and touch it to the bottom contact screw while still contacting the tank with the other probe. Repeat this process with the other probe. If you only receive 120v, that’s ok. If you receive nothing, it is necessary to replace it.

Replacing a Water Heater Thermostat in 8 Steps

Keep in mind that this is for electric water heaters only:

  1. First and foremost, turn off the electricity at the breaker
  2. Remove the access panel(s) and insulation so that you may gain access to the thermostat and adjust it (s). You may have one or two access panels on your property. The majority of water heaters contain two heating elements/thermostats. Make use of the voltage meter to ensure that the power is entirely turned off. Photocopy the wiring within each panel so that you can refer to it later when you’re putting everything back together again. Remove the thermostat’s wire from the wall
  3. To remove the thermostat, you must first remove the complete bracket that keeps it in place. Pry out each side one at a time with a twisting motion, being careful not to damage the skin. Don’t try to force it, or you’ll end up breaking it. It’s important that you don’t have to replace that part as well, so take your time with this step and do it correctly. Replace the wire after inserting the new thermostat into the bracket and securing the bracket in place. Reconnect the electricity and let your tank a few minutes to warm up before using it.

Enjoy Your Newly Working Water Heater

This job is doable by even the most inexperienced home repair beginner, but that doesn’t mean you should. If this appears to be too much for you, get professional assistance. If you found this post useful, please spread the word about it among your social media contacts. Bradford White and other well-known brands are available at PlumbersStock. If you are looking for a new water heater, you have come to the correct spot. If you require further information on water heaters, please refer to our assistance resources or thisWiki page on the subject.

7 Steps to Test Water Heater Thermostat

It is possible that you may detect two thermostats on your electric water heater when you inspect it: one at the top and one at the bottom. Each of these devices regulates the temperature of two separate heating components. If you switch on the hot water faucet and only cold water comes out, this indicates that the higher thermostat has failed. However, if the water is hot at first and subsequently gets chilly, this indicates that the lower thermostat has been destroyed. You will, however, need to understand how to test a water heaterthermostat in order to identify the defective device.

You’ll be able to correct the situation as soon as you finish this activity. Regardless of whether you have a propane tankless water heater or any other type, the thermostat is an excellent tool for controlling the temperature. But first, let us have a look at how a thermostat operates.

How Does A Thermostat Work?

In most cases, an electric water heater has three primary characteristics. It is equipped with an electric heat source as well as a temperature control system and a switch to protect the device from excessive heat. A thermostat may be used to create hot water that can be used for a variety of applications. Consider that the degree of heat necessary for washing may differ from the level of heat required for bathing, for example: Furthermore, it regulates the amount of electricity that flows to another thermostat or heating element, among other things.

  • The primary thermostat is located on the top of the unit, which also has a high limit switch.
  • Both thermostats (which are installed on the same water heater) do not have the same set of capabilities.
  • On the same wall as the top thermostat, you will find the high limit switch.
  • This button can be used to reset the system to its default settings.
  • Alternatively, you may set the upper element to a lower temperature, letting the bottom element to operate first, so saving energy.
  • They do, however, have a high limit switch, similar to the bigger water heaters.

How to Test Water Heater Thermostat

It is also necessary to test the heating element on an electric water heater if you wish to put a thermostat in it. This is critical, especially given the fact that open and grounded heating components result in erroneous testing outcomes. You will need to use a screwdriver to inspect the vehicle for problems. As part of the water heater inspection, digital multimeter equipment will be used to assess the temperature of the water heater. Let’s get started with the procedures that will show you how to test a water heater using a multimeter in the next section.

  1. Make your way over to the thermostat terminals and check to see whether it is receiving electricity. It is possible that terminals 1 and 3 will show a reading of 240V if this is the case. However, if there is no reading, the power source should be checked. Examine the high limit switch for any signs of current as well. By turning the thermostat’s dial to the lowest position, you can disable the lower thermostat. After that, raise the temperature of the top thermostat to check for malfunctions. Connect the prongs of the multimeter to the terminal 1 and the blue wire of the heating element to test the voltage. This will assist you in determining whether or not electricity is being delivered between the upper heating element and the blue wire
  2. If the instrument reads 240V, it indicates that power is being supplied to the setup. After that, connect the prongs of the heating element to terminal 2 and the blue wire of the heating element. However, if there are no readings, this indicates that the thermostat is malfunctioning. Reduce the temperature of the heater to a lower setting. Adjust the dial on the top thermostat to the smallest setting possible while setting the dial on the other thermostat to the highest setting possible
  3. Return to the bottom heating element’s terminal 1 and the red wire that connects to it. Power should be detected by placing a probe on each of them. If the voltage reading is 240V, there is power in the setup
  4. Connect the probes to terminal 2 and the red wire of the bottom heating element
  5. And test the system. If you are not getting any readings from your thermostat, you will need to replace it.

How to Replace a Faulty Thermostat on an Electric Water Heater

Installing an electric switch to change the thermostat on an electric water heater is as simple as turning on the water heater. Knowing how to test a thermostat allows you to do the necessary repairs without having to empty the storage tank first. In order to avoid any potential mishaps, you must first cut off the power source and check the cables for voltage before proceeding with the work. You will need to adjust both thermostats on your water heater if you want really hot water. If the problem is caused by a single thermostat, it is advised that you replace the two thermostats because they are quite inexpensive to replace all at once.

If you are unable to locate a suitable replacement from the same manufacturer, try for a similar item from another manufacturer. Don’t forget to include a non-contact voltage tester as well as screwdrivers on your shopping list.

Deactivate the Power Supply

Switching off the circuit breaker that is attached to the water heater will turn off the electricity to the water heater. Water heater breakers are typically comprised of two distinct single-pole switches with a combined 30 amp rating. Some versions, on the other hand, have more amps. The panel that covers the thermostat and heating element of your electric water heater should be removed. It is possible that you may need to use a screwdriver on some versions since the panels are bolted together.

To avoid electrical shocks, make sure there is no current flowing through the thermostat.

Pull out the Faulty Thermostat

Take a photo of the thermostat’s connections. After you have learnt how to test a thermostat, you may use the illustration as a reference. If you are feeling creative, you may also produce a short sketch. Remove the thermostat’s screw terminals by unscrewing both of them. Then pull each wire on both of them out one at a time. After that, unclip the thermostat from its connection clips and carefully lift it out of the thermostat chamber. To avoid damaging the clips, apply only the bare minimum of force.

Set Up the New Thermostat

Insert the new thermostat into the matching clips on the wall. Check to see that it is properly resting on the surface of the storage tank. Connect the circuit wires to the matching screw terminals on both sides of the board. Tighten the screws to secure them in place. Increase or decrease the temperature setting on your thermostat according to your preferences. A flat blade screwdriver will be required in this situation. It is recommended that you set the temperature to 120 degrees Fahrenheit.

Add Final Touches

Replace the thermostat chamber panel as well as the insulation surrounding it. By resetting the circuit breaker, you may reconnect the circuit to its power supply once more. Allow for two hours of operation from the water heater, then check the hot water tap to verify whether the water is sufficiently heated

How to Troubleshoot a Defective Thermostat on An Electric Water Heater

Troubleshooting the thermostat on your water heater may appear to be a complicated task. This tutorial will assist you in doing this task without the need to consult an expert.

  1. To turn off the electricity to the thermostat, go to the circuit breaker and turn it off. Because it protects you from electrical shocks, this procedure is really necessary. A two-pole breaker will cause both breakers to trip at the same time if you are working with two breakers. Remove the two panels that protect the thermostat from the wall. Insulation that corresponds to the aperture is found beneath the cover. Remove the item and store it aside for later installation. The thermostat and heating element should both have a plastic panel on them. A button may be found beneath the panel. It should be pressed to confirm that it is in great working order. Keep an eye out for a “snapping” motion when you press the button. In the event that you experience any, turn on the power and allow it to run for a few minutes. Check to see whether there is no power to the unit, especially if you want to continue working on the equipment. Make use of a non-contact voltage tester to test a pair of wires towards the top of the circuit. If you don’t see any lights or hear any beeps on the meter, this indicates that there is no energy flowing through the thermostat. Even if you do not see any readings on the tester, continue to work on the machine as if there were power. Remove the plastic cover from the thermostat by gently pulling it out or unscrewing it. Avoid inserting your fingers too far inside the device in order to avoid potential mishaps. Remove the battery and connect it to a voltmeter with a minimum voltage of 240 volts on it. Place the test lead on all of the higher screws. Do not remove the lead. If you get a reading, it means that the power is switched on
  2. Turn it off and check again later. There must be no electricity running through the device.

Wrap Up

An electric water heater, like a tankless water heater, is equipped with a thermostat. Fortunately, just a few equipment are required for testing and repairing a malfunctioning thermostat, including a multimeter and a pair of screwdrivers. To solve this dilemma, you don’t even need to have any special abilities. All you have to do is follow these simple instructions.

  • Turn off the electricity
  • Check the unit’s functionality. If there are any issues, you should remove the present thermostat and replace it with a new one. In order to avoid any shocks while working, it is recommended that you periodically check the equipment for any current.

We really hope you found this information informative. If you have any remarks, please leave them in the comment section below.

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