How to Select the Right Size Tankless Water Heater
Tankless water heaters are classified according to the highest temperature rise that may be achieved at a given flow rate. For this reason, in order to calculate the appropriate size of a demand water heater for your home, you must first estimate the flow rate and temperature increase that will be required for its application (either the entire house or a distant use, such as a bathroom). It is vital to note that you should never attempt to save money by purchasing a tankless water heater that is undersized.
Make a decision on the maximum number of devices that you wish to run and the overall flow rate of those devices. Then total their flow rates together (gallons per minute). This is the intended flow rate that you’ll need for the demand water heater that you’ve purchased. Consider the following scenario: you anticipate to be able to operate a hot water faucet with a flow rate of 0.75 gallons per minute while also running a shower head with a flow rate of 2.6 gallons per minute concurrently. It would be necessary for the flow rate via the demand water heater to be at least 3.26 gallons per minute.
Calculate the temperature rise that is necessary. To calculate the temperature rise, subtract the entering water temperature from the desired output temperature and multiply by 100. Assume that the incoming water temperature is 50 degrees Fahrenheit unless you know better. You may rest assured that you will not undersize your tankless unit if you use the low temperature assumption). If you reside in a warm climate, the temperature of your water will most likely be significantly higher. For the majority of applications, water should be heated to around 105–115°.
Example of sizing: An typical shower will be between 104 and 106 degrees Fahrenheit and utilize 2.6 gallons of water. Assuming that the water temperature entering your home is 40° and that you wish to create enough hot water to run two showers at the same time, what temperature rise would you need to produce to achieve this goal? Answer:You’ll need to boost the temperature of the entering water from 40 degrees to 105 degrees. The ability to heat a minimum of 5.2 gallon of water will be necessary.
Is there a limit to how much hot water you may use at once? You need to operate two showers at the same time, or a shower and a pair of sinks, or anything similar. The figure below illustrates the range of water consumption ranges as well as the typical water temperatures for a variety of fixtures. In order to determine your total simultaneous water requirements, we recommend that you use the following reference points: 2.5 gpm for showers and 1.0 gpm for bathrooms.
|Shower||2.5 – 3.0 GPM||104°F|
|Washing Machine||2.0 GPM||120°F|
|Kitchen Sink||1.5 GPM||110°F|
You’ll need enough hot water to fill a bathtub full of water. You need to operate two showers at the same time, or a shower and a couple of sinks, for instance.
Various fixtures are shown in the chart below, along with the range of water use and average water temperature. When calculating your total simultaneous water requirements, we recommend using 2.5 gpm for a shower and 1.0 gpm for a bathroom as a reference point.
Other Sizing Notes
Gas tankless water heaters have the ability to create a greater temperature rise per gallon of water than electric tankless water heaters. The majority of demand water heaters are rated for a wide range of water temperature inputs. An average flow rate of 5 gallons per minute through gas-fired demand water heaters and 2 gallons per minute through electric water heaters allows for a 70°F temperature rise in the water. Increased flow rates or decreased intake temperatures can occasionally result in a reduction in the temperature of the water at the furthest faucet.
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About Our Team
Jeff Flowers is just a person who is plagued by a chronic case of curiosity and who frustrates everyone around him with his rambling nonsense. In his journey from beer to house living, Jeff is simply attempting to hack his way through life while also writing a few notes about his experiences along the way. You can read his rants here, or you can listen to him whine about Austin traffic on Twitter at @Bukowsky. You can also follow him on Facebook.
Tankless Water Heater Buying Guide
Tankless water heaters create more hot water while using less energy than the most efficient tank heaters, allowing you to save on energy, space, and money all while saving money and time.
Tankless Water Heaters
A tankless water heater, also known as an on-demand water heater, warms water only when it is required. It is possible to put these heaters in a closet, on an outside wall, or in any other suitable location within your home. They may be used to heat your entire home or just a single point of usage such as a shower, sink, or appliance, among other things. A tankless water heater, whether natural gas, propane, or electric, provides you with an infinite supply of hot water while saving you money on energy expenditures by eliminating the need to store, heat, and reheat the same tank of water.
How Does a Tankless Water Heater Work?
- When you turn on a hot water faucet or turn on the dishwasher, the tankless water heater identifies the requirement for hot water and begins the heating process immediately. In order to provide water at the correct temperature, the temperature of the entering water is utilized to determine the amount of heat that must be produced by the burners. When there is no longer a demand for hot water, the unit shuts down and stops consuming energy, waiting until a new demand for hot water arises. The ultimate result is hot water that is not restricted to the amount of hot water stored in your tank.
Benefits of a Tankless Water Heater
You have the ability to convert any water source into hot water on demand. There is no limit to the quantity of heat that may be stored in a storage tank heater. Whether you’re cleaning the dishes, washing your clothes, taking a hot bath, or even doing them all at the same time, tankless water heater technology will provide you with the hot water your lifestyle requires immediately and efficiently.
Lower Energy Bills
When you use a tankless water heater, you can save up to 40 percent on your energy bills! Heat-only units are meant to be extremely energy efficient, heating water only when it is required.
When you use a tankless water heater, you may save up to 40 percent on your energy costs! Units are meant to be extremely energy efficient, heating water only when it is required by the consumer.
Traditional water heaters may consume up to 16 square feet of important floor space, which is a significant amount of room.
Many tankless water heaters are roughly the size of a carry-on suitcase and may be mounted on nearly any wall inside or outside your home, depending on your preferences.
Clean, Fresh Water
Traditionally installed water heaters are susceptible to rust and scale buildup within the tank where the hot water used for bathing and drinking is kept. Water heaters that do not require a tank provide you with continuous access to fresh, clean water that is heated on demand as it goes through the unit.
Choosing the Right Tankless Water Heater
It is critical to determine the size of the tankless water heater you will require. A heater that is too tiny will not be able to appropriately fulfill the hot-water demands of your house, while a heater that is too huge will be an unnecessary expense. How much water will you use at peak demand – for example, when the dishwasher is running, you are having a shower, and a load of laundry is being washed? What proportion of the incoming water will need to be heated in order to meet the demand? Before purchasing a tankless water heater, you should think about two things: the flow rate, which is the amount of water that flows through a fixture or appliance in gallons per minute (GPM), and the temperature rise, which is the difference between the groundwater temperature and the desired hot-water output temperature.
For example, you may be using the kitchen sink, washing laundry, and bathing all at the same time.
To find out the flow rate of a fixture or appliance (shower head, dishwasher, washing machine, and so on), consult the manufacturer’s handbook or look for the GPM stamped directly on the fixture or appliance.
Average GPM Usage for Common Appliances and Fixtures
It can be seen from the graph above that when the shower, kitchen sink, and high-efficiency washing machine are all in use at the same time, the total flow rate is 6.0 GPM. Depending on where you live, groundwater temperatures can range anywhere from the mid-30s to the upper 70s degrees Fahrenheit, measured in Fahrenheit. Groundwater temperatures in North America are divided into three climatic zones, each with its own average groundwater temperature:
- Northern Zone temperatures range from 37 degrees to 51 degrees
- Central Zone temperatures range from 52 degrees to 61 degrees
- And Southern Zone temperatures range from 62 degrees to 77 degrees.
The average interior water temperature in a residence is between 110 and 120 degrees Fahrenheit. For the temperature rise, subtract the entering water temperature from the required interior water temperature to find the temperature increase. According to this formula, if your shower water temperature is 57 degrees Fahrenheit and your ideal shower temperature is 120 degrees Fahrenheit, the temperature rise is 63 degrees.
Additionally, while purchasing a tankless water heater, in addition to being aware of the flow rate and temperature rise, you should consult size tables to assist you in selecting the most appropriate heater for your requirements.
Point of Use Water Heaters
Temperatures in the interior of a typical home range from 110° to 120° Fahrenheit. For the temperature rise, subtract the entering water temperature from the required internal water temperature to find the temperature rise. For example, if the entering water temperature is 57 degrees and the targeted shower water temperature is 120 degrees, the temperature rise will be 63 degrees as a result of the shower. Tankless water heaters are available in a variety of sizes, and in addition to knowing the flow rate and temperature rise, sizing tables may help you choose the most appropriate model for your requirements.
Hybrid Water Heaters
The average interior water temperature in a residence varies from 110 degrees to 120 degrees Fahrenheit. To calculate the temperature increase, subtract the entering water temperature from the required interior water temperature. Using the above example, the temperature rise is 63 degrees when the entering water is 57 degrees and the required shower water is 120 degrees. When purchasing a tankless water heater, in addition to knowing the flow rate and temperature rise, you should consult size tables to assist you in selecting the most appropriate heater for your needs.
9 Tips on How to Choose a Tankless Water Heater
So, you’re considering of purchasing a tankless water heater for your house – but you’re not sure where to begin your research. Well, don’t be concerned since you’ve arrived to the correct web page! Tankless water heaters may help you save both money and space – This article will serve as your go-to resource for selecting the best tankless water heater for your needs at home. Let’s go through the top nine tips you should be aware of!
1. The Benefits of Tankless Water Heaters
Here are a few of the advantages of installing a tankless water heater in your home: 1. It is more energy efficient. These are the considerations you should bear in mind while you look for your ideal water heart.
Taking Up Less Space
When you use a tankless water heater, you may have immediate hot water for any use in your home. The water is heated as it passes through the gadget, rather than in a large unwieldy tank that you have to carry about all of the time.
Unlimited Hot Water
There is no limit to the amount of water that may be stored with this sort of water heater. You are free to leave the hot water running for as long as you desire. You’ll never have to worry about the person in the shower in front of you using up all of the hot water again!
When compared to a traditional water heater, tankless water heaters have a lifespan that is twice as long. The most basic of them can last you up to around 20 years.
Installing a high-quality tankless water heater in your house has the potential to reduce your energy bills by half! These units are extremely energy efficient and may save you a significant amount of money.
2. Find Out What Size Will You Need
One of the first things you should do is determine the precise amount of tankless water heater you will require. Every single day, the average family in the United States consumes 64 gallons of water, according to the United States Energy Information Administration. Undoubtedly, it is a substantial amount of water! So, how do you determine the size of the tankless water heater you’ll need for your home? Tankless water heaters are available in a wide range of styles and sizes to suit your needs.
Tankless water heaters also utilize the British Thermal Unit as an input to establish their efficiency ratings, which are displayed alongside their GPM. As a result, you will need to consider the GPM, BTUs, and temperature rise of your household. Here’s how you can find out:
Looking At BTU’s
One of the first things you should do is determine the precise amount of tankless water heater you will want. According to the United States Energy Information Administration, the average household in the United States uses 64 gallons of water on a daily basis on an average. Obviously, there is a significant amount of water. In order to determine what size tankless water heater you’ll require, consider the following: It is possible to get tankless water heaters in a variety of shapes and sizes.
To estimate efficiency ratings for tankless water heaters, the British Thermal Unit is also used as an input.
Consequently, you’ll need to consider the GPM, BTUs, and temperature rise of your household.
Take a look around your home and count the number of gadgets that will require hot water from your tankless water heating system. Then figure out how many of them you’ll be able to employ at any one moment. Then you only need to add up the GPM of all of those devices. Flow rates for tankless water heaters, for example, will range from 1.2 to 6 GPM on average. In general, a basic sink would be rated at 1.2 GPMs, whereas a shower would be rated at 2.6 GPMs. As a result, a tankless water heater with a flow rate of 4 GPM can manage both a shower and a sink at the same time.
Calculate the temperature of the water that enters your home and subtract it from the temperature you want your hot water to be when you want it. You’ll know whether or not a prospective new tankless water heater will be able to meet the hot water demand in your home once you’ve completed the calculations and determined the flow rate for the potential new water heater.
3. Take a Look at Warranties
Make sure to go through any warranties that may be included with a new tankless water heater before purchasing one. Most high-quality heaters will come with an extended warranty that will cover you in the event that it fails. You should also take into consideration the sort of water that enters your home. If you have hard water, this may result in your new equipment wearing out more quickly. Choosing a tankless water heater with a longer warranty will be important if your water is hard to begin with.
4. Water Heater Efficiency
Tankless water heaters can save you money because of their high efficiency – they will always surpass traditional water heaters in terms of performance. When evaluating the efficiency of a tankless water heater, the energy rating (EF – Energy Factor) is used to determine how efficient the device is.
The gadget will perform better and be more efficient if the EF rating is high enough.
The quantity of energy that comes out your water heater is multiplied by the amount of energy that goes into the device to calculate the efficiency (EF).
5. Gas-Fueled Heaters
An excellent choice for those who have access to natural gas or propane is to install a gas tankless water heater. These units have the quickest reaction time as well as the highest heat output. Despite the fact that you get rapid heat with a short reaction time, utilizing a gas unit will normally consume more gas than using a regular water heater will. So keep this in mind if you decide to go with one of these options: you may have to bring in additional gas to your home. Gas units will have an ignition system as well, which will play a role in a number of the distinctions between these units and their counterparts.
Gas tankless water heaters are an excellent choice if you have access to natural gas or propane. These units have the quickest reaction time as well as the highest amount of heat output available. A gas unit, despite the fact that it provides rapid heat with a short reaction time, often consumes more gas than conventional water heaters. If you pick one of these options, bear in mind that you may be required to bring in more gas for your house. Gas units will feature an ignition system as well, which will play a role in a couple of the variations between these units and their counterparts.
Direct ignition will need the connection of the device to your electrical system or the use of batteries. As soon as water begins to flow through the gadget, this kind is easily lit by pressing a button.
In the same way that typical water heaters do, a pilot light will continually burn — this does not need that the water heater be connected to electricity or that any water flow be detected.
6. Electric Water Heaters
Purchasing an electric tankless water heater might be significantly less expensive than purchasing a gas unit. Electric heaters are often 300 to 500 dollars less expensive than gas heaters, depending on the model. They are also more energy efficient and ecologically friendly than older models. However, one disadvantage is that electric water heaters tend to consume more energy than gas water heaters. The electric ones, on the other hand, have a more straightforward design. In this case, working with electric rather than gas might be more convenient and less expensive when it comes to repair and maintenance.
Because they do not emit any exhaust, they do not necessitate the use of ventilation.
7. Your Climate
An other factor to consider when selecting a tankless water heater for your house is the environment in which you reside. This might assist you in determining the most appropriate unit for your household needs and requirements. The environment in which you live might have a significant impact on your GPM rating. As previously indicated, while computing the GPM rate, you take into consideration the temperature of the water entering your home. The colder the weather outside, the more difficult it will be to heat your water, which will result in a reduction in your GPM.
Furthermore, if you live in a warmer area for the majority of the year, having a higher GPM rating may not be your number one concern. As a substitute, try purchasing an outside device capable of heating your water in that environment.
8. Venting a Tankless Water Heater
When shopping for a new tankless water heater, it’s important to think about the venting options available. Will you be required to vent your unit at any point?
Not all tankless water heaters will be required to be vented — in fact, only indoor gas-fueled tankless water heaters will be required to be vented. You won’t have to worry about this because electric units don’t create any exhaust emissions, unlike gas units. Venting a gas unit is not the same as venting a conventional water heater, for example. It is usually a good idea to consider hiring a skilled expert to assist you with the water heater installation process. Just keep in mind that if your unit will be installed outside, it will not be necessary to have venting.
These sorts of devices are built to withstand the environment and are intended to be used outside. You no longer have to spend time attempting to find out how to vent an indoor space to the outside environment. Despite the fact that they are designed to survive the environment, they have some limits. If you live in a location where extreme cold temperatures are common, it could be a better idea to look for an alternative choice. One significant advantage of this sort of device is that it is far less expensive than indoor devices and is considerably simpler to install.
9. Tankless Water Heater Maintenance
It depends on the model of tankless water heater that you choose how much maintenance is required. Let’s take a look at each of them and the distinctions between them.
Maintenance For Electric Units
These are typically low-maintenance and require little upkeep. You can only clean the water inlet on these machines, which is all that can be done for them. In addition to that, electric tankless water heaters do not require any further maintenance to function properly.
Maintenance for Gas Fueled Units
Maintenance on gas units is a little more involved than on electric devices. As opposed to a simple cleaning, these machines will require frequent inspection and maintenance. This should also be done by a respectable organization with personnel who have undergone extensive training. Finally, when considering tankless water heaters, consider if you are willing to deal with the hassle of having to do maintenance on the unit or whether you would like to pay a professional to perform preventative maintenance on the unit.
Wrapping Up Tankless Water Heaters
When seeking to purchase a tankless water heater, there are a number of considerations and considerations to bear in mind. If you’re making a significant investment, take your time and thoroughly investigate the unit before making your selection.
- You should keep several things in mind while shopping for a tankless water heater. Here are a few of them: This is a significant decision, so take your time and make sure you thoroughly investigate the device before making your purchase.
After you’ve taken all of this into consideration, you’ll be able to identify the specific unit that will work best in your house.
All that is left is for you to do is purchase and install! If you have any concerns regarding selecting the best tankless water heater for your house, or if you require the services of a skilled expert to complete an installation, please visit ourcontact page and send us a note!
Read This Before You Buy a Tankless Water Heater
Consider the following: The method used by the majority of houses in this nation to heat water is ridiculously inefficient. Every year, we fill up large storage tanks of 40- to 50-gallon capacity with water and then continuously pump energy into them to ensure that we have hot water available anytime we want it. But, unfortunately, this is not always the case. The wait for the tank to reheat might be lengthy if a teenager is taking a long shower or the spouse is enjoying a long soak in the tub.
Is there a chance of a leak?
Tankless Water Heater Installation: Is It Worth It?
Investing in a tankless water heater has a number of benefits, as detailed above. It creates hot water just when you use it and for as long as you require it, resulting in a reduction of 27 to 50% in fuel expenses when compared to tank-type heaters. (A typical gas-fired tank wastes 40 to 50% of the fuel it burns, according to the manufacturer.) As a result, there is virtually little danger of a catastrophic leak occurring because there is no tank to collapse. Furthermore, since their introduction in the United States in the 1990s, tankless heaters have become increasingly sophisticated, with features such as built-in recirculating pumps (which provide “instant” hot water) and wireless connectivity, which alerts you via smartphone when a unit requires servicing.
Our tankless water heater guide will explain how they function, what you should know before purchasing one (and before the installation comes), and the idiosyncrasies of how they operate so that you won’t be caught off guard if you decide to go tankless.
How Does a Tankless Water Heater Work?
Doug Adams created the illustration.
- Doug Adams has created this illustration.
Doug Adams created this illustration.
What to Know About Tankless Water Heaters
Thanks to Noritz for the use of his photo.
How Much Does a Tankless Water Heater Cost?
Prices range from approximately $170 for modest gas-fired units to more than $2,000 for high-output heaters that can serve two showers at the same time; $1,000 is a reasonable starting point for most buyers. Electric heaters without a tank range in price from $90 to $900. The expenses of a first-time installation are higher than the price of a simple tank replacement. Electric tankless water heater installation (see item below headed “Installing an Electric Tankless Water Heater”).
How to Install a Tankless Water Heater
Prices range from approximately $170 for modest gas-fired units to more than $2,000 for high-output heaters that can serve two showers at the same time; $1,000 is a reasonable starting point for most people. Electric heaters without a tank range in price from $90 to $900 dollars. When compared to a simple tank replacement, installation expenses are higher the first time. (See the paragraph below labeled “Installation of an Electric Tankless Water Heater.”)
Tankless Water Heater Maintenance
Sign up to have a professional do an annual service that includes cleaning or replacing water and air filters, as well as inspecting the burner’s operation.
The use of a vinegar flush every 500 hours in places with hard water prevents mineral accumulation, known as scale, from blocking the heat exchanger. That 20-minute task may be completed by a professional or by a homeowner.
How Long Do Tankless Water Heaters Last?
It is expected that gas-burning tankless water heaters would last 20 years or longer, which is two to three times longer than tank-type heaters. Tankless electric units have shorter life lifetimes, ranging from 7 to 10 years, compared to conventional units.
Where Can I Buy One?
Tankless water heaters powered by natural gas should last for 20 years or more, which is two to three times longer than tank-type heaters in the same environment. Units using tankless electric power have shorter life spans, often ranging from 7 to 10 years in duration.
Pros and Cons of Tankless Water Heaters
Thanks to Noritz for the use of his photo.
PRO: They’re Compact
As a result of new federal requirements requiring stronger insulation to decrease standby heat loss, the size of newer tank-type water heaters has increased. Consequently, they may not be able to fit into locations where an older heater with the same capacity might. Tankless gas heaters are approximately the size of a suitcase and are mounted on the wall.
PRO: They’re Safer
A tank-type heater, on the other hand, may leak and spill gallons of water if it springs a leak, but it will not house Legionella germs or topple over in an earthquake. The air supply and exhaust vents are also closed to prevent backdrafting, which would otherwise allow carbon monoxide to enter the house.
PRO: They’re Easy to Winterize
Owners of vacation homes are well aware of how long it takes to drain a water-heating tank prior to closing up a house for the season. An electric compressor may drain a tankless heater in a matter of seconds, after which it can simply be unplugged.
CON: They’re Sensitive to Slow Flow
These devices automatically shut off if there is too much scale accumulation in the pipes, or if the aerators in the faucets and showerheads get blocked, or if a turned-down faucet limits water flow to around 0.3 gpm.
CON: The Payback Takes Awhile
An annual savings of only around $100 for a household using a $1,000 tankless gas heater vs a $400 tank-type heater is possible, depending on how efficient the heater is and how much hot water is utilized. The savings, however, begin to accrue after six years, when many tanks are reaching the end of their useful lives due to the extended lifespan of tankless gas systems.
New Tankless Water Heater Technology
Thanks to Noritz for the use of his photo. The advancement of tankless technology is ongoing. Here are a few of the most recent enhancements:
Condensing gas heaters can extract up to 96 percent of the heat from a fuel, which is a 17 percent improvement over first-generation tankless devices. This is possible because of a second heat exchanger, which collects a large portion of the exhaust heat before it exits the vent. In addition to being around 25% more expensive than noncondensing heaters, condensing heaters produce acidic condensate that must be neutralized. If a heater doesn’t come with a built-in neutralizing cartridge, the installation will have to install one after the fact.
Instant Hot Water
Despite the fact that tankless water heaters heat water in around 15 seconds, you must still wait for the hot water to reach your shower head or faucet, just as you would with a tank-type heater. The recirculation pump should be used when the distance between the heater and the fixture is greater than 50 feet. This will conserve water and minimize the amount of time spent waiting. It is this pump that pushes the cold water in the pipes back through the heater.
The pump can be activated by a timer, a push button, a motion sensor, a smart speaker, or a smartphone (see illustration above). The pump shuts off after approximately a minute, and you may start using hot water immediately after opening the faucet.
Tankless systems with digital connectivity let you to control the temperature as well as monitor gas and hot-water use from your mobile device. Furthermore, the device is capable of identifying the cause of a problem. Please communicate this information to your plumber so that he or she may arrive on the job site knowing exactly what has to be done. This function also eliminates the need for any guessing when it comes to determining when it is time to descale.
Tankless Water Heater Rebates: A Great Way to Save
Carl Tremblay captured this image.
What Size Tankless Water Heater Do I Need?
Here’s how the specialists ensure that your water heater produces adequate hot water: 1. A large burst of BTUs is required for a tankless heater to convert cold water into hot water in a matter of seconds. However, if a heater’s Btu output is insufficient to meet demand, it will reduce the flow rate or, in the worst scenario, offer tepid water. A plumber considers three aspects when determining whether or not a heater will be able to satisfy the demands of a household:
- The temperature of the water that enters the heater
- The maximum demand for hot water expressed in gallons per minute (gpm)
- The efficiency of the heater, as shown by its Uniform Energy Factor, which may be found in the product specifications
- The temperature of the water entering the heater
- And Gallons per minute (gpm) is the peak demand for hot water. This is reflected by the heater’s efficiency, which can be found in the product specifications as itsUniform Energy Factor.
Btus Output Estimate
Heater water temperature when it first enters. Gallons per minute (gpm) is the maximum demand for hot water. It is possible to determine the heater’s efficiency by looking at its Uniform Energy Factor, which may be found in the product specifications.
- The following figures are for one bathroom for one to two people: 140,000 Btus
- Two bathrooms for two to three people: 190,000 Btus
- Three bathrooms for three to five people: 380,000 Btus
Btus Per Gallon by Region
- Kitchen or bath faucets should flow at 1.5–2.2 gpm
- Tub filler faucets should flow at 4 gpm
- Dishwasher: 1–2.5 gpm
- Washing machine: 1.5–3 gpm
- Showerhead should flow at 1.25–2.5 gpm
How to Determine gpm?
To get the real gpm of a fixture, time how many seconds it takes to fill a bucket to the 1-quart mark and multiply that time by the number of gpm. gpm is calculated by dividing 15 by the number of seconds in a minute.
Electric Tankless Water Heater Facts
Thanks to Stiebel and Eltron for their assistance. In addition to gas lines and propane tanks, tankless water heaters operated by electricity can provide the benefits of on-demand hot water to homes that do not have them. Compared to gas or propane tankless heaters, these systems, which heat water using thick copper rods, are significantly quieter and roughly a third smaller in size. And because they do not require vents, they can be fitted practically anyplace, even beneath sinks and in small closets, without compromising performance.
In locations with warm groundwater, that amount of hot water may be sufficient to feed a whole house; but, in colder climates, they are better suited to point-of-use service, where the demand for hot water does not become excessive.
Furthermore, electric heaters have a lifespan that is approximately half that of gas heaters: Warranty periods typically range from three to five years.
Tankless Water Heater Installation
Doug Adams created the illustration. What you and your plumber should look for before the installation day is as follows:
If you want your tankless heater to work effectively, you must connect it to a gas supply line that supplies enough volume at a high enough pressure to run the burner. In many circumstances, this will need increasing the diameter of the supply pipe to 3-4 inches in diameter. Furthermore, if the pressure is insufficient, the gas provider will be required to change the regulator on the meter.
For your information, some tankless systems, like as ones manufactured by Rheem, are capable of working with a regular 12-inch gas line as long as it is not more than 24 feet in length.
Tankless gas heaters that do not condense employ stainless-steel vents that can resist high exhaust temperatures. Condensing systems feature a cooler exhaust and use PVC pipes, which are less costly than other types of exhaust. Installing a concentric vent, which has an exhaust pipe inside a larger air-intake pipe, is easier than installing a traditional vent since only one hole in the wall needs to be made. As a point of reference, vent runs have traditionally been limited to a maximum of 10 feet.
Vents on noncondensing tankless gas heaters are made of stainless steel, which is capable of withstanding high exhaust temperatures. A cooler exhaust is produced by condensing units, and PVC pipes are used instead of more costly steel pipes. Installation of a concentric vent, which has an exhaust pipe inside a larger air-intake pipe, is simplified since only one hole in the wall needs to be made. Please keep in mind that in the past, vent runs were often limited to only 10 feet in length. The Sensei series of fans, for example, are capable of venting up to 150 feet because to their increased power.
Outdoor Tankless Water Heater
Noncondensing tankless gas heaters employ stainless-steel vents that can resist the high temperatures generated by the heater’s exhaust. Condensing systems have a cooler exhaust and use PVC pipes, which are less costly. Installing a concentric vent, which has an exhaust pipe inside a larger air-intake pipe, is easier than installing a traditional vent since only one hole in the wall is required. For your information, vent runs have traditionally been limited to only 10 feet. Higher-capacity fans, such as those found in Rinnai’s Sensei series, have enabled vents to be extended up to 150 feet.
- Saves space: You won’t have to create place for another appliance in your home as a result of this. Installation is straightforward: Because of the built-in exhaust vent, there is no need to drill a large hole (or two) through the side of the building. Service is simple: A plumber may come to your home at any time, whether or not you are there. However, take in mind the following: Regulations governing construction: If you want to install it outside, you may require approval from your local building department. Weather conditions that are cold: Even at temperatures as low as 22 degrees Fahrenheit, internal heaters keep components warm, but exposed water lines must be insulated and covered with heat tape that activates automatically in freezing conditions. Southern states are less concerned about frozen pipes than those located north of the Mason-Dixon Line.
Tankless Water Heater Venting
You’ll have one fewer appliance to make place for in your home, which will save you some space. Inexpensive and straightforward to set up: There is no need to cut a large hole (or two) through the side of the home because there is an exhaust vent built into the wall. Uncomplicated to service: A plumber may come to your home at any time, regardless of whether you are there. It’s important to remember that Regulations governing the construction of buildings include the following: Your local building department may require authorization before allowing it to be placed outside.
Southern states are less concerned about frozen pipes than those located north of the Mason-Dixon Line; yet,
- Saves space: You’ll have one fewer appliance to make place for on your counter top
- Installing is straightforward: Because of the built-in exhaust vent, there is no need to make a large hole (or two) through the side of the home. Service is simple: a plumber may come to your home at any time, whether or not you are present. However, take in mind that Regulations pertaining to construction: It is possible that you may require approval from your local building department to place it outside. Weather that is cold: Internal heaters keep components warm in temperatures as low as 22 degrees Fahrenheit, but exposed water pipes must be insulated and covered in heat tape that activates automatically in freezing conditions to prevent freezing. Southern states are less concerned about frozen pipes than those located north of the Mason-Dixon line.
How to choose your whole house tankless water heater
* The smallest suggested model is based on average winter ground water temperatures in the specified location, as well as a flow rate of 3 gallons per minute in the model. Greater flow rates will be achieved by using a bigger tankless water heater than what is provided.
The temperature of incoming water varies based on the source of the water, the location of the water, the season, and the environment. Please measure your needed flow rate as well as the temperature of the incoming water to ensure that you are selecting the proper model for you.
|Application||Flow Rate in GPM at 60 PSI|
|Typical Shower||1.5 to 2.0 GPM|
|Typical Bath Tub Faucet||2.0 to 3.0 GPM|
|Bathroom Vanity Sink Faucet||0.5 to 1.5 GPM|
|Kitchen Sink Faucet||1.0 to 2.2 GPM|
|Clothes Washer||1.5 to 3.0 GPM|
The selection of an ideal electric tankless water heater for your house or company is based on four major considerations:
- Incoming water temperature, intended maximum flow rate, desired features, and electrical service in your house are all important considerations.
Incoming Water Temperature
It is intended to provide you with a general model recommendation based on the usual winter arriving water temperatures in various locations of North America, as seen on the right. When a maximum flow rate of around 3 gallons per minute (or less) is needed, the model advised on the chart for your location is considered the lowest recommended model for an all-purpose home water heater; however, purchasing a more powerful model will result in greater flow rates. We also presume that your home has enough electrical service to handle the model that we propose – see the section below for more information.
Maximum Flow Rate Desired
The greatest amount of hot water that you require should be considered before making a final selection on which tankless water heater type to purchase. The majority of people tend to overestimate their need for hot water at several times. See the chart on the right for some general flow rate recommendations for various hot water uses throughout the house. When it comes to hot water usage, most homes will only require one large use at a time, or a maximum of two flow-restricted showers, for example.
- It is recommended that you test the flow rates at your showerhead and at numerous outlets around your home in order to obtain a more accurate approximation of your exact flow rate requirements.
- In northern latitudes, on the other hand, your flow rate expectations should be much lower (up to 3.5 GPM), depending on the temperature of the incoming water you use.
- The average shower temperature is between 98 and 104 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Unless your house or company is powered by 240 volts (208 volts), your maximum flow rate will be reduced.
- It’s as simple as looking up your incoming water temperature and desired flow rate to figure out which model to buy.
|Incoming Water Temperature|
|Tempra 36/Tempra 36 Plus||3.8 GPM||4.1 GPM||4.5 GPM||4.9 GPM||5.4 GPM||6.1 GPM||7.0 GPM||8.2 GPM||9.8 GPM|
|Tempra 29/ Tempra 29 Plus||3.0 GPM||3.3 GPM||3.6 GPM||3.9 GPM||4.4 GPM||4.9 GPM||5.6 GPM||6.5 GPM||7.8 GPM|
|Tempra 24/Tempra 24 Plus||2.5 GPM||2.7 GPM||3.0 GPM||3.3 GPM||3.6 GPM||4.1 GPM||4.7 GPM||5.4 GPM||6.5 GPM|
|Tempra 20/Tempra 20 Plus||2.0 GPM||2.2 GPM||2.4 GPM||2.6 GPM||2.9 GPM||3.3 GPM||3.7 GPM||4.4 GPM||5.2 GPM|
|Tempra 15/Tempra 15 Plus||1.5 GPM||1.6 GPM||1.8 GPM||2.0 GPM||2.2 GPM||2.4 GPM||2.8 GPM||3.3 GPM||3.9 GPM|
|Tempra 12/Tempra 12 Plus||1.3 GPM||1.4 GPM||1.5 GPM||1.6 GPM||1.8 GPM||2.0 GPM||2.3 GPM||2.7 GPM||3.3 GPM|
- Generally speaking, the areas colored in light grey in the accompanying chart are only suited for tiny point-of-use applications (for example, a single sink). Homes with modest hot water demands and showerheads with low flow rates may find the areas colored in yellow to be acceptable for their needs. Before making a final model decision, it is advised that you test your real water flow rate and incoming water temperature thoroughly. Those areas outlined in red reflect the most suitable model options for the majority of whole-house water heating requirements. It is normally acceptable to operate two showers at the same time with regular showerheads in areas where the maximum flow rate is 4.0 gallons per minute or above
Areas tinted in light grey, for example, are only acceptable for tiny point-of-use applications (such as a single sink), according to the preceding graphic in general. Homes with modest hot water demands and showerheads with low flow rates may find the areas colored in yellow to be appropriate. Before making a final model decision, it is advised that you measure your real water flow rate and incoming water temperature. When it comes to general whole-house water heating needs, areas highlighted in red reflect the best model selections.
Stiebel Eltron now provides two Tempra Series Models, the standardTempra and theTempra Plus, which are both available for purchase. In terms of the fundamental distinction between the two versions, the Tempra Plus models are distinguished by the inclusion of Stiebel Eltron’s unique Advanced Flow Control technology. When the unit’s sensors identify that the flow demand is greater than the heater’s capacity, this technology automatically changes the flow of water to meet the demand. Especially helpful in cold areas and other situations where the electrical service size does not permit the installation of a bigger model, yet it may be necessary to manage high flow needs on occasion.
All versions in the Tempra Plus Series are also equipped with a complete digital temperature setting display.
Either model series is suitable for ordinary residential applications and may be used interchangeably.
The last factor to consider when choosing an electric tankless water heater is the electrical service available to your house or place of business. Single phase electricity is required for all Stiebel Eltron tankless water heaters. The voltage range is 208-240 volts. Due to the fact that a tankless water heater operates on demand, it must transmit a significant quantity of heating power to the water in a short period of time. As a result, tankless water heaters have a high peak electrical demand despite the fact that they will significantly cut your total power use.
Your electrical panel’s main breaker (the one that allows you to cut off electricity to the entire house) will reveal how many amps of electrical service your home is capable of providing.
|Model||RecommendedBreaker||Maximum Amperage@ 240 V||Maximum Amperage@ 208 V||Recommended Household Electrical Service||Recommended MinimumWire Gauge|
|Tempra 36 / 36 Plus||3 x 50 AMPS *||150 AMPS||132 AMPS||300 AMPS||3 x8 AWG*|
|Tempra 29 / 29 Plus||3 x 40 AMPS *||120 AMPS||105 AMPS||200 AMPS||3 x8 AWG*|
|Tempra 24 / 24 Plus||2 x 50 AMPS *||100 AMPS||88 AMPS||150 AMPS||2 x8 AWG*|
|Tempra 20 / 20 Plus||2 x 40 AMPS *||80 AMPS||70 AMPS||125 AMPS||2 x8 AWG*|
|Tempra 15 / 15 Plus||2 x 30 AMPS *||60 AMPS||52 AMPS||100 AMPS||2 x10 AWG*|
|Tempra 12 / 12 Plus||1 x 50 AMPS *||50 AMPS||44 AMPS||100 AMPS||1 x8 AWG*|
In order to be used in most installations, the breaker size and wire gauge must comply with all relevant local, state, provincial, and national electrical codes in your region. These are merely guidelines that will apply to the majority of installations. Some codes necessitate the use of an electrical sub-panel for the installation of a heater, particularly when the heater is not located within direct line of sight of the primary electrical panel. A voltage loss of less than 3 percent under load should be maintained by properly sizing the wires.
The specs shown above are only suggestions.
It is recommended that you consult an electrician before placing an order.
Prior to making a purchase, it is suggested that you obtain an estimate from a professional electrician.
Remember that uninstalled items returned because of insufficient electrical service may be subject to a restocking fee if the unit was not installed properly. For additional information, please check our POLICIES page.
How to choose a Tankless Water Heater for your home, your needs, and your budget.
Congratulations on making the decision to purchase a tankless water heater for your house! Now, how do you pick the best one for your house and your budget? What are some tips? Petro is here to assist you in sorting through the options available to you in order to select the most appropriate tankless hot water heater for your needs. First and foremost, selecting a tankless water heater over other options for heating water for your house is possibly the most cost-effective approach to save money on your utility costs over the course of a calendar year.
It’s also crucial to note that tankless water heater installations are often more expensive than their tank-bound counterparts; however, the energy savings realized over time will more than offset the higher initial expenditures.
This document gives an outline of such concerns, and as usual, your Petro team of experts is available to assist you with any questions you may have.
Determine the maximum number of devices.
Choosing the right number of tankless water heaters for your house is one of the most critical factors to make when shopping for these appliances. This is calculated based on your typical hot water use, which is a function of the number of people that use hot water in your household. For example, if you have 10 people living in your house, you may require more than one unit. However, if you live alone or with only one other person, one hot water heater unit may be sufficient for your need. Petro’s highly skilled experts have years of expertise in the water heater sector under their belts.
Determine the required temperature rise.
Following the efficiency with which a tankless hot water heater warms water to the desired temperature, the next most essential consideration is the cost of the unit. This is referred to as a “temperature increase” in the business. It is necessary to know a little bit about your property in order to determine the appropriate temperature increase capabilities for your tankless water heater. The average temperature of the water that enters your home is maybe the most significant issue to consider.
Choosing the appropriate temperature rise factor for your tankless water heater is a calculation that is dependent on the temperature of the water that is being heated.
It is possible to determine your typical water temperature using a variety of online heat map tools; Petro can also easily aid you in finding your average water temperature.
Tankless water heaters that are less powerful will be required in warmer climes.
If you live in a colder region, you will need a unit with a larger temperature increase factor. Petro, one of our tankless water heater specialists, can assist you in determining which type of tankless water heater will work best for your home because they have vast knowledge in their service areas.
Determine the right size.
It might be difficult to choose the proper size of a tankless water heater for your needs. You must figure out how much hot water you are consuming, as well as the temperature rise necessary by your household appliances, before proceeding. This is due to the fact that it takes time to heat water. The unit’s size is proportional to the amount of temperature rise required. Also, if there are several persons utilizing the hot water, or if you want to have various appliances operating at the same time, a bigger unit is required.
It might be difficult to determine the proper size of a tankless water heater for one’s needs. As well as determining how much hot water you are consuming, it is important to understand the temperature rise required by your household appliances. Heat up water takes time, which is why this is true. The unit’s size is proportional to how much temperature rise is required. Also, if there are several persons using the hot water, or if you intend to have numerous appliances operating at the same time, a bigger unit will be required.
- When the water is heated to 102 degrees, the typical flow rate of a bathtub is four gallons per minute. Shower Flow Rate -At 104 degrees, showers have an average flow rate of 2.5 to three gallons per minute
- However, at lower temperatures, the flow rate is lower. Flow Rate of the Washing Machine – At an average temperature of 120 degrees, the flow rate of the washing machine is two gallons per minute on average. In general, dishwashers have a flow rate of 1.5 gallons per minute, and they operate at an average temperature of 110 degrees. In the kitchen, the average flow rate is 1.5 gallons per minute, with an average hot water temperature of 110 degrees
- In the bathroom, the average flow rate is 1.5 gallons per minute
Select the power source – Natural gas, propane or electric.
Bathtub Flow Rate -At 102 degrees, the typical flow rate of a bathtub is four gallons per minute. The usual flow rate of a shower at 104 degrees is 2.5 to three gallons per minute; but, at lower temperatures, the flow rate can be as high as six gallons per minute. Flow Rate of the Washing Machine -At an average temperature of 120 degrees, the flow rate of the washing machine is two gallons per minute. In general, dishwashers have a flow rate of 1.5 gallons per minute and operate at an average temperature of 110 degrees.
When considering whether or not to install a tankless water heater in your house, maintenance is an important concern, just as it is with any high-usage device. Petro Home Services recommended that you get your tankless water heater serviced once a year to keep it in good working order. This assists you in achieving the higher life expectancy of these units as compared to tank-bound counterparts. Technicians with extensive experience will replace the air filter and check that the burner is in proper operating condition.
Once every 500 hours, you should use vinegar to remove mineral buildup, sometimes known as “scale,” from your unit.
The best way to maintain any water heater, whether it is a tankless one or not, is to have it serviced by a qualified professional.
When it comes to hot water heater troubleshooting advice or determining when it might be time to upgrade or replace your water heater, the professionals at Petro Home Services have the answers you need.
We’re here to help.
Petro House Services understands how to keep your home functioning smoothly all year long, and we can help you with that. Petro has a wealth of knowledge and expertise dealing exclusively with tankless water heaters, so you can be confident that your unit will operate efficiently for the duration of its expected life span. In addition, you will enjoy consistent hot water and energy savings for many years to come. Call Petro Home Services at 800.645.4328 now to learn how to select the best tankless water heater for your needs, keep your hot water running, and save money on your home’s energy costs.