How to Maintain A Water Heater
Changing out my old water heater isn’t in the budget right now, therefore I’m not going to do it. What can be done to improve the efficiency of the system? — David Tichy of Fairfield, Connecticut, responds. Lance Marques of Swezey Fuel Co., an HVAC contractor, responds: You may improve the operational efficiency and lifetime of a water heater by following many simple and affordable procedures. Some tasks, such as installing insulation and adjusting the thermostat, only need to be completed once.
The advantages of taking good care of your water heater are undeniable.
The removal of silt from the tank increases the efficiency and the longevity of the tank.
It is significantly less expensive to replace a worn-out rod than it is to purchase a new heater.
Pictured: This rusted wire is all that’s left of what was once a 34-inch anode rod composed of aluminum or magnesium, which has since rusted away.
Steps on How to Maintain a Hot Water Heater
Ryan Benyi is a young man from New York City.
- Immediately turn off the electricity and turn off the cold-water supply valve. Place a bucket beneath the pipe that is linked to the temperature-pressure-release (TPR) valve, which is located on the top or side of the storage tank. (This valve opens if the pressure in the tank rises to an unsafe level.)
- Lift the tab on the valve to allow some water to flow out, then release it. If the water continues to flow, drain the tank partially, remove the old valve using a pipe wrench, and replace it with a new valve.
2. Check the Anode Rod
Ryan Benyi is a young man from New York City.
- Connect a hose to the tank’s drain cock and let a few litres of water to flow from the tank
- Now, insert a 1 1/16-inch socket into the hex head of the rod on top of the heater (or under its top plate) and remove the rod from the heater. When you find one that is less than 12 inches thick or coated with calcium, replace it with a new one and wrap the threads with Teflon tape before reinstalling and tightening it tightly. If there is limited space above the tank, this segmented rod should be used.
3. Drain the Tank and Wash Out Sediment
Ryan Benyi is a young man from New York City.
- Drain the remaining water from the tank into a bucket, and then temporarily open the cold-water supply valve to stir up the silt on the tank’s bottom. Continue rinsing and draining until only clean water comes out of the hose. Close the drain cock, refill the tank, and re-connect the power to the device.
4. Adjust the Temperature
Ryan Benyi is a young man from New York City.
- Locate the temperature dial on the side of the tank and unscrew the cover that protects the dial. Using a flathead screwdriver, rotate the dial until it is at 120 degrees. On average, every 10 degrees Fahrenheit that the temperature is dropped results in a 5 percent reduction in energy expenses. In the event that you will be away from home for more than three days, turn off the water heater and set the thermostat to the lowest possible level.
5. Insulate the Pipes
Ryan Benyi is a young man from New York City.
- Purchase some 3/8-inch-thick foam pipe insulation that is self-sticking and has a diameter that matches the pipes. As far as you are able to reach, slide the foam over the hot and cold water lines. The use of insulation around the cold-water pipe helps to avoid condensation in the summer. Remove the tape from the insulation and squeeze it closed. The pipe should be covered with 1-inch-thick unfaced fiberglass pipe wrap if it is less than 6 inches away from the flue.
6. Insulate the Heater
Ryan Benyi is a young man from New York City.
- Cut the insulating blanket (shown here: R-4.5 foil-covered bubble wrap) to fit around the pipes, the TPR valve, and the temperature control that protrudes from the tank’s bottom. Wrap the tank’s side with foil tape, then tape the cuts closed with tape. Covering the tops of oil or gas heaters is not recommended. Cap an electric heater with an enormous circle of insulation, then fasten the edge of the circle to the side of the tank with tape.
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How to Extend Your Water Heater’s Lifespan
A few minutes of basic maintenance once a year will help you extend the life of your water heater tank while also ensuring that your water heater remains efficient and safe.
Water heaters are generally able to operate flawlessly for a decade or more with no maintenance, making them an easy target for neglect. However, investing a few minutes once a year in water heater maintenance will pay off in the long run by increasing the tank’s life span as well as preserving the efficiency and safety of your water heater. If you are experiencing difficulties with your water heater, here are some water heater repair ideas to keep it running smoothly.
Project step-by-step (3)
The pressure-relief valve, which is placed on the top or side of the water heater, should be checked. This valve automatically opens if the pressure within the tank rises to an excessive level.
) (Excessive pressure may really cause the tank to explode.) Placing a bucket beneath the discharge pipe on your water heater tank and gently lifting the lever on the pressure-relief valve will allow you to test it.
Replace the Valve (if Necessary)
If the valve does not discharge water when the lever is lifted, the valve should be replaced. The procedure for replacing the valve is straightforward: shut off the water, dump the tank, remove the discharge pipe, and then unscrew the old valve. Sealant tape should be applied to the threads of the new valve before it is screwed in. Depending on how old your valve is and whether or not it has ever been checked, it may leak after you have tested it. If this is the case, the valve should be replaced.
Check Your Work
Close the shutoff valve on the cold water supply line that feeds the water heater, and then turn off the water heater. Afterwards, turn on the hot water at any faucet to relieve the pressure that has built up inside the water heater’s tank. Keep the water running until you’re through with your task. If you have an electric heater, make sure the power is turned off at the main switch. When using a gas heater, make sure the gas control dial is set to “off.” How to Adjust the Temperature of a Water Heater Step 2
Drain Sediments From the Water Heater Tank
Drain the tank in order to flush out sediments that have accumulated at the bottom of the tank’s sediment trap. As a result of sediment building, your water heater’s life is shortened and its efficiency is reduced, increasing your energy cost. Draining two or three liters of water is generally sufficient to wash out sediments; nevertheless, always allow the water to run until there are no more particles visible in the bucket after that. Start by slowly opening the drain valve and allowing the water to drain until it is clear and free of sediments.
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Gurgling or Groaning Noises
If you hear gurgling or moaning noises coming from the heater, don’t worry about it. The sound you’re hearing is simply air entering the system as the water drains out. If, once you’ve finished, the drain valve won’t seal firmly, drain the tank fully, detach the old valve, and screw in a new one. To re-start the water heater, open the shutdown valve and turn on any faucet that has hot water to flush out any trapped air from the system. Then switch on the power or re-ignite the pilot to complete the process.
If the dial does not have numbers, use a culinary thermometer to determine the temperature of the water.
Here’s a video on testing your water heater element:
The Family Handyman is a fictional character created by the author of the novel The Family Handyman.
Maintain a Water Heater
Even though hot water is a contemporary need, updating your water heater may be a costly endeavor. Proper maintenance may extend the life of your heater, sparing you the inconvenience and money of having to replace it too soon after installation.
Gas and electric water heaters may be kept in peak operating condition with a little elbow grease.
Some repairs are straightforward, such as how to drain a gas or electric water heater and pressure release valve, as well as how to maintain a tank or pilot light. You should, however, always consult a professional if you aren’t comfortable working around gas or electricity.
Check the Pressure Valve
In both gas and electric water heaters, a safety device known as a temperature and pressure relief valve, or T P valve, is included for further protection. In the case that the tank becomes overpressurized, the relief valve opens and allows the pressure to be released. It is possible for the tank to overpressurize and explode if the valve does not function properly. When doing maintenance on your water heater, always use gloves, goggles, and other protective clothes to keep yourself and others safe.
Flush the Tank
In addition to decreasing the energy efficiency of your water heater, sediment accumulation in the tank might choke your water pipes. By cleaning the tank every time you check the pressure relief valve, you may avoid these problems and extend the life of your machine.
Gas Water Heaters: Lighting the Pilot
Before you connect the electricity to your electric water heater, make sure you follow these instructions.
Leaks and Drips
Follow these procedures to deal with leaking or dripping faucets.
How to Care for Your Water Heater
It takes a lot of effort from your water heater to provide you with warm showers, clean clothing, and gleaming pots and pans. Make sure to offer your water heater some love by following a normal maintenance program that will keep it working for its estimated 15-year lifespan, and potentially even longer than that. Related:Do you believe you may require a new water heater? What to Look for
Here’s What You Need To Do:
Set the thermostat to 120 degrees Fahrenheit. It is possible to save up to 5 percent on energy bills for every 10 degrees Fahrenheit that the temperature is lowered, and you will also lessen the danger of scorching. Unless the appliance’s handbook specifies otherwise, always keep a 2-foot space around the appliance. A quarter of the tank should be drained at least once every few months to eliminate silt and other debris. Turn off the cold water supply and connect a garden hose to the drain valve, allowing the water to drain into a bucket until it is clean of debris.
Additionally, the unit operates more silently as a result of this.
Maintain a close eye on the valve once it has been tested for leaks of any size.
If any of the following conditions are met, the rod should be replaced:
- Set the temperature on the thermostat to 120°F. Lowering the temperature by 10 degrees can result in a savings of up to 5 percent in energy expenses, as well as a reduction in the likelihood of scorching. Unless otherwise specified in the handbook, always keep a 2-foot clearance around the appliance. A quarter of the tank should be drained at least once every six months to eliminate silt and other debris. Turn off the cold water supply and connect a garden hose to the drain valve, allowing the water to drain into a bucket until it is completely clean. To clear the water if it continues to be hazy, open the water supply valve for a brief period of time to mix up any leftover sediment before draining the tank. As a result, the unit operates more silently as a result of this modification. Test the temperature-pressure relief valve at least once a year by quickly emptying it two or three times in a short period of time. Continue to watch for tiny leaks from the valve once the testing is completed. Every three years, release the hex head screw and remove the sacrificial anode rod to inspect it for damage. If any of the following conditions are met, the rod should be replaced.
Be sure that older units are properly insulated with a fiberglass jacket to increase efficiency, and that no contact occurs with the flue (newer units should already be insulated; check your owner’s handbook to make sure).
In addition, insulate both the hot and cold water lines. Set gas heater thermostats to “vacation” mode when you leave town so that the pilot light is maintained but no water is heated while you are away from the house. Homeowners are looking for ways to save money on their appliance energy costs.
How to Maintain a Gas Water Heater
It is critical to do regular water heater repair in order to keep your natural gas expense under control. Aside from the fact that natural gas water heaters consume less energy and are more cost-effective than electric water heaters, they are not without their own set of problems. If you don’t keep your water heater in excellent working order, you may still have high gas expenses to worry about. The Energy.gov website estimates that your water heater accounts for around 17 percent of your overall household energy use.
How Does a Gas Water Heater Work?
The agas burner is used in the operation of a gas-powered water heater. When cold water is introduced into the tank by an adip tube, this burner begins to heat the water. As the natural gas burns, it produces gases that rise through the tank and out of the tank through a chimney in the middle. As the air rises through the chimney in order to escape, the metal of the chimney and the surrounding water become heated. Following then, warm water rises and circulates via the heat-out pipe throughout the whole house’s plumbing system.
The thermostat on the water heater regulates the quantity of gas that is used to heat the water to a desired temperature.
The higher the temperature setting, the greater the amount of gas required to attain and maintain the desired temperature.
How do I Perform Water Heater Maintenance?
The majority of gas water heaters have a lifespan of 12 to 15 years before they need to be replaced. Here are some easy water heater maintenance things that will help you get the most out of your gas water heater for the least amount of money. In addition to gas water heaters, these recommendations also apply to electric water heaters.
Check the thermostat
For your water heater, Energy.gov recommended that the water temperature not exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit. If you set it higher than this, the amount of gas that is consumed will rise, resulting in a greater gas bill for you. Examine the temperature of the water that is coming out of your faucets. The temperature should be at 120 degrees (or match the setting on your water heater thermostat). If this is not the case, there might be a number of contributing variables. For starters, it’s possible that your water heater’s thermostat isn’t working properly.
Third, it’s possible that silt has accumulated in your water heater, which is causing it to perform less efficiently.
Test the pressure relief valve annually
Following that, check the temperature and pressure relief valve (T P valve) on a yearly basis. This valve is responsible for monitoring and controlling the pressure within the tank of your water heater. If there is a problem with the pressure, water will seep from this valve to prevent a buildup of pressure. (This is a positive development!) In most cases, the T P valve is located on the top or side of the heater, and it is linked to a drainage pipe. You’ll need to remove the pipe from the wall with a wrench and place a bucket or bowl below it to catch the water.
As a result, the water flow from the valve will be slow and sluggish. And then there will be a discharge of air and steam. If this does not occur, it indicates that the pressure release valve must be replaced as soon as possible. This is something that should be left to a professional plumber.
Flush out sediment from the tank annually
Sediment is the most common cause of water heater malfunctions and even complete failures to function. Water minerals are used to construct the structure, with substances gathering at the bottom of the tank to serve as a storage area. There is a possibility that it takes the form of sand or microscopic particles, so forming an unneeded barrier. Since the heater is working harder to heat numerous gadgets throughout the house, your utility cost will rise as well as your bill. A year is sufficient time for silt to accumulate at the bottom of the tank.
In addition, it is a very significant component of water heater upkeep.
Unfortunately, if the heater is left unattended for an extended period of time, it may fail.
This is no longer repairable and will necessitate the complete replacement of the heater.
Check the anode rod every 3 years
For water heaters to fail or even cease completely, sediment is the most common cause. Water minerals are used to construct the structure, with substances gathering at the bottom of the tank as they build. It may take the form of sand or tiny particles, so forming an unneeded barrier between people. Since the heater is working harder to heat numerous gadgets throughout the house, your utility bill will rise as well as the temperature. It takes a year for silt to accumulate at the bottom of the tank.
As a result, it is a critical component of water heater maintenance.
If the heater is not repaired in a timely manner, it will eventually fail.
Currently, there is no way to repair this and the heater must be replaced entirely.
How Can I Tell if My Water Heater Has Sediment?
The majority of the United States has hard water. In fact, hard water may be found in 85 percent of the water supply in the United States. Because of the presence of calcium and magnesium in the water, calcium carbonite or lime scale can build up in your water heater. When the sediment levels reach high levels, the sediment might resemble pebbles in your water heater. As a result, if you haven’t cleansed your water heater in a while, it is probable that you have sediment in it. If you pay attention to the sound of your water heater, you can detect if there are mineral deposits or silt present.
Knocking or banging noises will be heard emanating from the tank, indicating that silt has solidified at the bottom of the tank.
Additionally, you’re using more natural gas to heat your water as a result of this.
The sound should be consistent across the whole tank of water heater. If the sound is different at the bottom vs the top, what is the cause? The silt in the tank, on the other hand, is most likely to blame. Other indications of silt buildup in your water heater are as follows:
- There is no hot water available
- The temperature of the water changes
- Your hot water appears to be rusted
- It takes a long time for water to heat up
It is possible for water heater sediment to resemble fine grains of sand or gravel. (Photo courtesy of Mr. Rooter)
How do I Flush a Water Heater to Remove Sediment?
Although flushing your water heater to remove sediment is a straightforward procedure, it is one of the most overlooked aspects of water heater maintenance. It is recommended that you include it on your Fall home maintenance checklist. Time commitment: 3 hours. Instructions on how to remove sediment from a hot water heater
- Turn off the water heater if necessary. Turn the thermostat knob all the way to the left. It’s possible that your water heater has a “pilot” option as well. Disconnect the gas supply to the water heater. Additionally, switch off the gas entirely as an extra safety precaution. Located on the gas line that enters the water heater, you’ll locate the valve. Turn off the cold water supply tap on your home’s plumbing system. The cold water valve is normally located on the top of your water heater and appears similar to a standard outdoor faucet. Open the pressure release valve if necessary (optional) When draining, opening the pressure relief valve can make the water flow more freely and smoothly. Take cautious, because this water will be quite hot
- Allow the water in your tank to cool completely before continuing. This might take anywhere from 2 to 3 hours, depending on the size of your water tank. Entrance inside your home and activation of the hot water to flush the pipes Turn on the hot water at two different locations, such as a sink and a bathtub. Using this method, you will avoid the formation of a vacuum in the water lines while you are draining the water tank. Connect a garden hose to the drain valve on the water tank to remove any excess water. The drain valve may be found on the tank’s side, at the bottom. Connect the line to the tank using a hose clamp. Then check to be that the other end of the hose is connected to the outside. If your water tank is located in the basement, you may want a large bucket as well as a portable pump to get the water outside of the house. Turn on the drain valve spigot and let the water tank to empty completely. Drain the water from your tank until the water flows crystal clear. In certain cases, if you have been routinely draining the sediment from your tank, you may only need to remove 1/4 to 1/2 of your tank. Fill the tank with cold water and flush it out. Depending on how much silt you have, you may need to drain the tank fully and clean it with cold water to thoroughly remove all of the debris. Turn on the cold water spigot to allow cold water to enter the tank in order to flush it. After a few minutes, only clear water should be coming out of the drain hose
- After the sediment has been drained, everything should be returned to its original configuration. Remove the hose from the drain valve after it has been turned off. If you accidentally opened the pressure release valve, close it immediately. Turn off all of the water taps in the home that were currently flowing. Once this is completed, switch on the cold water spigot to allow the tank to be refilled with water. Reset the water heater’s thermostat to 120 degrees Fahrenheit and relight the pilot light on the water heater. After 30 minutes, check to see if the water is hot.
The water heater must be shut down. Off is achieved by adjusting the thermostat dial. It’s possible that your water heater has a “pilot” option as well; The gas supply to the water heater should be turned off as well. Turning off the gas fully is an extra safety precaution. Located on the gas line leading to the water heater, you’ll locate the valve. Turn off the cold water supply tap on your home’s main water supply. This valve is normally located on the top of your water heater and appears similar to a standard outdoor faucet.
- (optional) When draining, opening the pressure relief valve might make the water flow more freely.
- Allow for cooling of the water in your tank before continuing with your project.
- Entrance inside your home and activation of the hot water to clear the pipes Activate the hot water at two different locations, such as a basin and a bathtub.
- The drain valve on the water tank should be connected to a garden hose.
- To connect the hose to the tank, follow the instructions on the package.
- Depending on whether or not your water tank is in the basement, you may need to pump water outdoors using a large bucket and a portable pump.
- Until the water in your storage tank runs clean, drain your tank.
Cold water should be used to flush the tank.
Activate the cold water spigot, which allows cold water to enter the tank, to flush the tank.
Remove the hose from the drain and close the drain valve.
You should turn off all of the water taps in your home that were currently flowing.
After 30 minutes, check for hot water.
Gas Water Heater FAQs
More commonly asked questions concerning gas water heaters may be found in the next section. What is the source of the knocking sound coming from my water heater? It’s possible that you have sediment in your water heater’s tank if it’s creating a banging sound. Sediment arises naturally as a result of the presence of chemicals and minerals in the water (also known as “hard water”). When heated, these chemicals and minerals decompose, resulting in the formation of silt. If your water heater is creating a banging sound, you should flush the unit or call a plumber for assistance.
- Water heaters should be set at 120 degrees Fahrenheit, according to Energy.gov, since it is the most energy efficient setting.
- If you discover that you need to turn your water heater up to a higher setting in order to obtain hot water, you may want to check for sediment in the tank.
- What is causing my gas water heater to not heat?
- Check to check that the pilot light on your water heater is still lit before using it.
- You can hire a plumber to relight the cigarette lighter for you.
- It is not typical for a pilot light to extinguish on its own.
- What should I do if I’m going on vacation and forget to switch off my gas water heater?
- It is preferable to reduce the temperature of the water heater to a lower level.
- You’ll avoid having to worry about your gas water heater starting up and sustaining a high temperature while you’re gone.
DIY Water Heater Servicing in Three Easy Steps
In general, a water heater has an expected lifespan of 8 to 12 years, but only if it is properly maintained. It is possible to extend the life of your water heater with a simple three-step annual maintenance regimen. No need to hire a professional to do normal maintenance tasks if you’re doing them yourself.
A screwdriver and a bucket are generally all that is required for a homeowner to conduct the water heater service themselves. Turn off the electricity (for electric water heaters) or the gas supply (for gas water heaters) before you begin to ensure your safety:
- A water heater has a normal lifespan of 8 to 12 years, but only if it is properly maintained. A simple three-step annual maintenance plan can help you to increase the life of your water heater significantly. In the case of normal maintenance, there is no need to hire a professional to execute the task for you. Water heater service is often done by a homeowner using a screwdriver and bucket in their own house. Remove the electricity (for electric water heaters) or the gas supply (for gas water heaters) before you begin to ensure your safety.
Do a Mini-Flush
A water heater has a normal lifespan of between 8 and 12 years, but only if it is properly maintained. This may be accomplished with a simple three-step yearly maintenance regimen. If you’re just performing basic maintenance, there’s no need to hire a professional to handle the work for you. A screwdriver and a bucket are generally all that is required for a homeowner to service their water heater on their own. Turn off the electricity (for electric water heaters) or the gas supply (for gas water heaters) before you begin to ensure your safety:
- Drain the water heater tank by placing a bucket beneath the drain valve, which may be found near the bottom of the tank. The valve should be turned counterclockwise in order to release 1 to 2 gallons of water into a bucket. Some drain valves feature a handle, while others have a short stem with a groove for a flathead screwdriver, which makes it easier to open and close them. Warning: The water will be quite hot, so use caution to prevent burning yourself. Close the valve by twisting it in the clockwise direction.
Drain the water heater tank by placing a bucket underneath the drain valve, which may be found near the bottom of the tank. 1 to 2 gallons of water are released into the bucket by turning the valve counterclockwise. Depending on the model, some drain valves have handles, while others have a short stem with an opening that may be used with a flathead screwdriver (see illustration). Water will be quite hot, so use caution to prevent burning yourself. Warning: Closing the valve is accomplished by rotating it counter-clockwise.
Test the T P Valve
T P relief valve is an important safety component of your water heater. It regulates the temperature and pressure of the water heater. It automatically opens when it detects a dangerous buildup of pressure or an abnormally high temperature inside the water heater tank, allowing the pressure to be released. Water heaters are susceptible to explosions if they do not have an operationalT P valve. The T P valve should be tested once a year, according to the water heater manufacturer. Depending on the model, the T P valve may be situated at the top of the heater tank or in the side wall, and it has a discharge tube that extends down toward the bottom of the heater tank, as shown.
- Place a bucket beneath the end of the discharge tube that is linked to the T P valve to catch the water. Manually opening the valve requires lifting up on the lever of the valve. The hot water will be released via the discharge tube and into the bucket as a result of this action. The water is quite hot, so use caution when it comes into touch with your skin. Allow the water to run for a few seconds before releasing the lever and allowing it to click back into place, thus turning off the water supply.
A replacement valve must be used if the T P valve does not open and release water during testing, or if it leaks after testing. Home-Cost.com was founded in 2009.
Dial Down the Temperature
Water heaters are commonly installed at a temperature of 130 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit, depending on the manufacturer. The Department of Energy recommends a temperature of 120 degrees Fahrenheit for most families, claiming that doing so can save energy expenditures for water heating by more than 5 percent in most situations. Lower temperatures also lower the chance of scorching and limit the buildup of mineral deposits in your water heater tank, which are both undesirable outcomes. In order to reduce the temperature of water coming from a gas water heater, turn down the temperature dial on the heater’s gas valve to 120 degrees F.
- Preset temperatures of 130 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit are commonly used when installing water heaters. The Department of Energy recommends a temperature of 120 degrees Fahrenheit for most houses, claiming that doing so can save energy expenditures for water heating by more than 5 percent in most households. Lower temperatures also lower the chance of scorching and limit the buildup of mineral deposits in your water heater tank, which are both undesirable consequences. To reduce the temperature of water coming from a gas water heater, change the temperature dial on the heater’s gas valve to 120 degrees Fahrenheit (F). A little metal plate covering the thermostat on an electric water heater may have to be removed in order to reduce the water temperature:
A common feature of electric water heaters is the presence of both an upper and a lower thermostat. If your home has two thermostats, set the lower thermostat to the same temperature as the top thermostat. Home-Cost.com was founded in 2009.
How to Maintain & Drain A Water Heater: 8 Step Guide
Date of publication: December 2019 You may take your water heater for granted until it stops working and you are forced to take a frigid shower in the middle of winter. Even worse, it might cease operating altogether, resulting in water splattered all over the floor. Fortunately, a hot water heater does not require much maintenance, although emptying it on a regular basis may assist to ensure that it continues to operate smoothly. Consider the following recommendations for maintaining your water heater.
According to The Family Handyman, silt builds up in the bottom of a water heater over time, which can cause obstructions in the system.
If you do not properly maintain your water heater, it may not operate at peak efficiency or may even fail to operate at all in some cases.
GET A HOME QUOTE.
A high level of protection for your house makes all the difference when it comes to keeping your family safe. Allstate home insurance can assist you in protecting what is important to you. Request a quote Locate a representative. When it comes to draining a water heater, the DIY Network recommends the following measures. The owner’s handbook for your water heater will provide you with particular information on your water heater. For those who are uncomfortable completing this sort of maintenance on their water heater, contact a plumber to arrange for a professional draining to be performed.
- A water line and a shutdown valve leading into the water heater may be found at the very top of the water heater’s tank.
- Step 2: Disconnect the water heater’s power supply line.
- Alternatively, if you have an electric water heater, turn off the electricity at your home’s electrical panel.
- If you have a gas water heater, according to the DIY Network, you may change the water heater’s thermostat to “pilot” to complete this procedure.
- Check your water heater’s owner’s handbook and follow the directions that are provided for your particular water heater.
- Because your water heater is running at a high temperature, it is incredibly hot.
- (According to BobVila.com, you should at the very least wait a few hours.) In addition, taking a hot shower can assist to accelerate the cooling process.) Step 4: Connect a hose to the drain valve.
Connect the other end of the hose to the drain valve located at the bottom of your water heater.
The hot water tap, such as a sink faucet, that is closest to the water heater should be opened.
According to the DIY Network, it is preferable to use a tap that is located on the floor above the water heater.
As soon as you turn on this valve, the water will begin to drain out of the storage tank.
Step 7: Reconnect the water supply to the tank and flush it with fresh, clean water to finish the job.
It is necessary to repeat this process until the water flows clean.
Step 8: Refill the tank with water.
Return the water supply to its original setting to begin replenishing the tank. Once the tank is full, turn on the electricity or gas supply to the water heater to re-energize it. While draining the tank, remember to turn off the faucet that you had previously turned on.
How Often Should You Drain Your Water Heater?
According to both BobVila.com and The Family Handyman, it’s a good idea to empty your water heater at least once a year in general. If you reside in a hard water area, on the other hand, according to Angie’s List, you may need to empty your water more often. Always remember to consult your owner’s manual to see what the manufacturer suggests before making any changes. Water heaters are relatively low-maintenance appliances, but it’s important to remember to drain yours on a regular basis. If you do this, you may be able to keep it working effectively and the hot water going.
Please keep in mind that a certain precaution may not be suitable or effective in every situation, and that adopting preventative steps does not ensure a positive outcome.
How to Maintain a Water Heater: Preventive Maintenance Tips
Everyone in your clientele has at least one thing in common: they don’t want their water heater to go out on them. When it comes to maintaining a water heater and preventing system breakdowns, you’re probably already familiar with the following information: 1.
- Regular maintenance can help to maintain water heater efficiency and increase the life of the unit as long as it is done on a regular basis from the time of installation. Flushing the tank of an old water heater that has not been properly maintained might cause more harm than good.
Plumbing, heating, and air conditioning professionals, as well as commercial contractors, have a golden chance as a result of these facts. When you install a new home or commercial tank water heater, you have the opportunity to develop your business by selling yearly or bi-annual service contracts to your clients. By informing your clients that investing in water heater preventative maintenance will spare them the hassle and expense of a breakdown, you will be giving them with a value-added service that will benefit your company’s bottom line as well.
Water heater maintenance tips
- Carry out a preliminary inspection. Examine the unit’s components for any indications of wear and tear that may be visible. Pro tip: Because gas-fired water heaters have substantially more components than electric water heaters, the length of time necessary to service gas-fired systems can be significantly longer. Make careful to account for this disparity in labor costs in your service agreements. Make that the expansion tank is working properly. If you did not install the device, check to see if the water is fitted with an expansion tank before using it again. If the vehicle has an expansion tank, ensure sure the tank is properly pressurised by testing it.
Carry out a preliminary assessment. Examine the unit’s components for any evidence of wear and tear that may have occurred during use. Note: Because gas-fired water heaters have substantially more components than electric versions, the length of time necessary to service gas-fired water heaters can be significantly more as well. It’s important to factor in this disparity in labor costs when creating service agreements. The expansion tank should be examined. Check to see if the water is fitted with an expansion tank if you did not install the unit.
How to perform a sediment flush
Turn off the breaker on electric appliances and turn off the gas supply on gas units before you begin any repair to ensure your safety.
- Close the incoming water valve and turn on the hot water valve on a faucet to release the suction. Transfer pump and hose are used to empty the water heater to a floor drain or straight to the exterior. Pro tip: If the anodes are easily accessible, now is an excellent opportunity to remove them and check or replace them. After the water has been emptied, turn on the incoming water supply and start the flushing process. As the water enters the system, it will mix up the silt and break it into smaller pieces. Several repetitions of this procedure will be required until you see the water begin to clear. Advice: If the hose bibb becomes blocked, you may need to remove it and replace it with a ball valve that has an open port to allow for more flow. Upon completion of a successful flush, replenish the unit and restart according to the manufacturer’s guidelines.
How to perform a bacteria flush
Turn off the breaker on electric appliances and turn off the gas supply on gas units before you begin any repair to ensure your safety.
- Turn off the incoming water supply. To dislodge the suction, turn on the hot water faucet and turn it off. Drain the water heater using a transfer pump and a hose to a floor drain or to the outside if possible. Removing the anode rod and closing the drain valve are also recommended. For every 25 gallons of tank capacity, one gallon of bleach should be added to the anode hole. Fill the tank with water after replacing the anode rod. Once the tank is full, turn on all hot water faucets, including dishwashers and washing machines that are already operating. All hot water pipes must be treated at some point. Once chlorine has been identified at all fixtures, the system should be left unattended for one hour. Refill the tank with water when the given time period has expired. After draining the tank, close the drain valve and fill the tank with water, allowing the tank to settle for 15 minutes before continuing. After 15 minutes, repeat the draining procedure by opening all of the fixtures in order to flush the chlorine out of the system. Continue until there is no longer any detectable chlorine odor coming from any fixture
- Upon completion of a successful flush, replenish the unit and restart according to the manufacturer’s guidelines.
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We provide the components you need to provide excellent service to your clients, ranging from water heaters and expansion tanks to transfer pumps and water heater connections. Signing up for an account is all that is required to purchase online.
9 Tips For Effective Water Heater Maintenance
For a variety of reasons, keeping your water heater in good working order is essential. It’s probable that you don’t know how much you rely on your water heater until something goes wrong. This appliance is critical to the operation of your home’s plumbing system, as it allows you to do things like wash dishes and take showers. It is impossible to efficiently destroy germs and fully clean anything if you do not have hot water available. Your water heater’s lifespan might be extended if you do regular maintenance on it.
The most effective water heater maintenance can also reduce the chance of breakdowns, which is vital in ensuring that your life is not disrupted to a significant degree.
1. Regularly Inspect
It is critical to devote sufficient time to inspecting and examining your water heater on a regular basis. These inspections can assist you in identifying any problems in their earliest stages, when they will be much easier to resolve than later on. Take a few minutes to check that your water heater is still operating properly and effectively before carrying on with your day.
2. Flush Yearly
It is critical to empty your water heater on a regular basis to ensure proper operation. This will allow you to thoroughly clean the interior of the tank and remove any silt that has accumulated within. Despite the fact that sediment is unlikely to cause physical harm to a water heater, it has a significant influence on the heater’s overall efficiency. It is critical to turn off both the water supply and the electrical power to your water heater in order to empty it properly and completely. After that, you may connect a hose to the water heater and drain the remaining water out of the tank using that method.
It is possible to replenish and re-start the tank after you have completed the cleaning process.
As a result, the heater will be put under excessive pressure as it attempts to heat water that isn’t actually present.
3. Insulate Tank
When it comes to water heaters, insulating the tank has several advantages. Not only will it save your energy bills, but it will also help you get more use out of your water heater by extending its total lifespan. Because an insulated tank will prevent heat from escaping, the water heater will not have to work as hard to heat the water. This will save money on energy costs. Since less energy is used, energy costs will be cheaper as a result of this. Additionally, it minimizes the total amount of strain exerted on the tank, allowing it to function for far longer periods of time.
4. Lower Temperature
For a water heater, insulating the tank has a number of advantages. Additionally, it has the potential to increase the entire lifespan of the water heater, not only by lowering energy costs but also by increasing efficiency. It is possible to insulate a water tank to keep heat from escaping, reducing the amount of energy used by the water heater for heating water.
Since less energy is used, energy costs will be reduced as a result. Furthermore, it minimizes the total amount of strain exerted on the tank, allowing it to function for far longer periods of time.
5. Test Temperature Pressure Relief Valve
Temperature pressure relief valves should be tested on a regular basis to verify that they are functioning as intended. This valve is designed to relieve pressure when pressure builds up within a water heater to an excessive level. You may check the operation of the TPR valve by placing a bucket beneath the discharge pipe that is attached to the valve. The lever may be raised once the bucket is in position. If water flows out and then stops when you lower the lever, this indicates that the temperature pressure relief valve is working properly.
6. Replace Anode Rod
The anode rod is a critical component of a water heater, and it should be updated on a regular basis, often every 5 years. The rod attracts corrosive minerals in the water, causing the minerals to erode the rod rather than the tank’s interior walls and floor. When this rod becomes corroded, the corrosive minerals in the tank can cause significant damage to the tank’s inside. Checking that your anode rod is still operating properly is critical to ensuring that your water heater is properly protected.
7. Replace the Air Intake Filter
In a water heater, the anode rod is a critical component that needs replacing at regular intervals, usually every five years. In addition, the rod draws corrosive minerals from the water, causing them to damage the rod rather than the tank’s interior walls. When this rod becomes rusted, the corrosive minerals in the tank’s inside might cause significant damage. Checking that your anode rod is still operating properly is critical to ensuring that your water heater is kept safe.
8. Insulate Pipes
The insulation of the water heater tank, as well as the insulation of the pipes that go to the water heater, may be quite advantageous in the winter. This is especially crucial during the winter months, when pipes can get dangerously cold due to the very cold temperatures that might occur. When you insulate your pipes, you can avoid water from freezing in the pipes, which may lead to burst pipes that cause enormous amounts of damage. There are several simple methods for insulating pipes, which may assist to keep your entire building protected.
9. Obtain Professional Inspection
While it is possible to test your water heater on a regular basis, it will be far more effective to use the services of a professional. As a result of their extensive expertise and knowledge, they may be confident in their ability to identify and resolve possible problems at an early stage. Maintaining your water heater properly may go a long way toward preventing significant problems from developing. It is important to note that there are many various types of water heaters, making it imperative that you learn how to manage your specific water heater.
Regular maintenance may go a long way toward preventing these problems and ensuring that your water heater continues to run at peak performance.
If, on the other hand, you discover that there are problems with your water heater, you should move quickly to return it to its original operating state. For additional information on how to properly maintain your water heater, contact our professionals at S B Plumbing today!
How to maintain a Hot Water Heater
When it comes to an older hot water heater, symptoms of issue such as scorching water, leaks, discoloration, and low water pressure indicate that you should perform some DIY maintenance to avoid more serious problems. Although you may have recently had a brand new water heater put in your house, you will need to perform monthly maintenance on it in order to maintain it in excellent operating condition. Let’s get down to the nitty-gritty of how to keep a water heater operating effectively.
Shutting off the Energy Source
Remove the electricity from your hot water heater before doing any maintenance chores on the appliance. Depending on whether you have a gas or electric appliance, the procedure will be different. You may easily switch off the electricity at the circuit breaker while using an electric water heater, which is really convenient. If you’re using a gas heater, you’ll need to turn off the pilot light first.
Dialing back the Thermostat
While most heaters are set to 140 degrees Fahrenheit by default, the United States Department of Energy advises that units be adjusted to 120 degrees Fahrenheit. Not only will this help you avoid mineral buildup, corrosion, and scorching, but it can also save you between 4 and 22 percent on your annual energy bill. Then look for the thermostat’s control dial. You’ll often find two dials behind detachable panels on electric water heaters, one for the top heating element and another for the lower heating element, with one dial for each heating element.
Before making any adjustments, check the temperature of the water flowing from the farthest-away tap to ensure that you are getting the most accurate result.
You should wait at least a couple hours after you have reduced the thermostat setting before taking another reading at the faucet.
Flushing the Tank
It’s surprising how many homeowners are unaware of the need of emptying and cleaning out their hot water heaters. Nonetheless, why is it necessary to clean your water heater – and how frequently should you do so? The accumulation of silt, dirt, and minerals at the bottom of a hot water heater can lead to more serious problems, but draining the tank can prevent a system breakdown. According to Direct Energy, you should do this once every six months, or more frequently if the water in your area is very hard.
Connection: Connect an ordinary garden hose to the drain valve and place the other end in a five-gallon bucket or near a floor drain.
Due to the high temperature of the water, use caution.
According to Family Handyman, the sediment may be completely gone after two or three gallons of water, but if you’ve never done this before, it might take much longer. The water can also be flushed completely out, but the tank will need to be refilled before the electricity is turned on.
Testing the Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve
In many cases, homeowners may not aware how important it is to flush or empty their hot water heaters. The reason for flushing your water heater — and how often should you do it — is less clear. The accumulation of silt, dirt, and minerals at the bottom of a hot water heater can lead to more serious issues, but draining the tank can prevent a system breakdown. According to Direct Energy, you should do this once every six months, or more frequently if the water in your area is very hard. Depending on your model, start by turning off the electricity or the gas.
Open the drain valve and let the water to run until it is completely clean of any debris.
However, according to Family Handyman, the silt may be completely gone after two or three gallons of water, but if you’ve never done this before, it might take much longer.
Inspecting the Anode Rod
The anode rod is sometimes referred to as the sacrificial anode since it deteriorates in order to maintain your water heater operating effectively and efficiently. It collects silt and debris, but it will corrode over time, preventing the water storage tank from corroding as a result of the corrosion. They normally last fewer than five years, but you should inspect it at least once a year to ensure that it is still in good condition. Drain the water heater tank to a certain extent and locate the anode rod, which is located at the top of the appliance.
If it appears to be around 50 percent rusted, simply screw in a new one in the same location as the old one.
Maintaining the Water Softener
If you reside in a place where hard water is prevalent, your hot water heater may be equipped with a water softener as well. A softener is comprised of two tanks: a brine tank and a resin tank, with the latter occasionally being housed within the brine tank itself. This component may be maintained by turning off the water softener and opening the bypass valve, allowing your water to flow straight into the storage tank without going through the softer system. In certain cases, you may need to break up a solidified salt bridge with a broomstick or wooden spoon and then add hot water to re-dissolve the salt into a briny solution, depending on the problem you are experiencing inside the brine tank.
Changing out the Dip Tube
If you’re only getting lukewarm water from your hot water heater, it’s possible that the appliance’s dip tube has become damaged. Cold water is carried down to the heat source by means of this plastic piping system. As soon as it cracks, the cold water will simply seep into the warm water and lower the temperature of both. According to Family Handyman, large quantities of defective dip tubes were created in the mid-1990s, suggesting that appliances manufactured or changed around this time period may be particularly vulnerable.
Once you’ve located the dip tube, which is attached to the cold water intake source, you may break it apart with a tubing cutter by cutting it crosswise.
You’ll need some rags to soak up the water that comes out of the drain hole. Then, using a pipe wrench, unscrew the last piece of wood. Lower a new cross-linked polyethylene dip tube into your water tank and screw it into the cold water supply in the same location as the previous one.
Descaling a Tankless Water Heater
In order to avoid mineral accumulation, according to SFGate, tankless water heaters should be cleaned with vinegar once a year. To accomplish this, shut off the electricity and water supply valves. Connect one end of a garden hose to the cold water service port and the other end to a submersible pump housed in a five-gallon bucket to complete the installation. A second hose should be connected to the hot water service port, with the other end being dropped into the bucket. Fill the bucket with four gallons of undiluted, food-grade white vinegar and turn on the pump to circulate the vinegar throughout the tankless heater.
Keep just the second hose in place and turn on the cold water shutdown valve for about 10 minutes to flush the system with new water and flush away any debris.
Finding a Home Repair Plan for your Plumbing System
According to SFGate, tankless water heaters should be cleaned with vinegar once a year in order to avoid mineral accumulation. Power and water supply valves must be shut off in order to do this. Set up a submersible pump in a five-gallon bucket by connecting one end of a garden hose to the cold water service port on the faucet and the other end to a second garden hose. The other end of the second hose should be connected to the hot water supply port and dropped into the bucket. Fill the bucket with four gallons of undiluted, food-grade white vinegar and turn on the pump to circulate the vinegar throughout the tankless heater.
Continue to use only the second hose in place and turn on the cold water shutdown valve for approximately 10 minutes to flush out the system with fresh water.