How Much Is An Electric Hot Water Heater

Water Heater Installation Cost Guide (2022)

A comparison of the costs of a tank and a tankless water heater, gas versus electric water heaters, energy-efficient water heaters, signs of a failing water heater, how to choose a water heater, when to call a plumber, and frequently asked questions In practically every family, having access to clean, hot water has become a luxury. While the requirement for hot water in a home is constant, the methods by which it is produced are constantly evolving, with a wide range of tanks and fuel sources accessible to homeowners.

Tank vs. Tankless Water Heater Costs

In terms of water heaters, the tank and tankless water heaters are two of the most popular options available.

Tank Water Heaters

Storage tank water heaters are a popular alternative for households because they can keep and heat large amounts of water on a continuous basis. Water heaters are often situated out of sight, in a garage, basement, or utility closet, among other places. Tank water heaters generally utilize electricity or natural gas to heat the water they produce. The installation of a storage tank water heater is less difficult than the installation of a tankless water heater, needing just roughly three hours of effort.

Tank heaters, although being a more inexpensive choice, are less energy-efficient due to the fact that they must operate continuously in order to maintain the target tank temperature.

Tankless Water Heaters

Tankless water heaters function by heating water only when it is required. The technology heats the water pipe with either a gas burner or electricity, allowing it to furnish water on demand. A tankless device, like a hot water storage tank, can be kept in a basement or utility closet for easy access. Tankless heaters are less bulky than tank units and may be placed on the wall of a bathroom or bedroom, for example. Tankless water heaters are more expensive to purchase up front than tank water heaters, with prices ranging from $1,200 to $3,500 for homes.

Electric tankless heaters will require the installation of brand new electrical wiring.

Furthermore, these water heaters have a longer longevity, with an average lifespan of around 20 years.

Gas vs. Electric Water Heater Costs

Tankless and tank water heaters are both available in gas and electric variants, with each offering its own set of advantages and disadvantages to homes.

Electric Water Heaters

An electric tank is less expensive to purchase and install than a gas tank, with a household 50-gallon tank water heater costing roughly $500 to purchase and put in place. The overall cost of operation on a monthly basis, on the other hand, is typically more than the cost of operating a gas heater. Because there is a lower danger of a leak or combustion with this heat source than with gas, it is regarded to be safer than gas. The disadvantage of using an electric heater, which is more ecologically friendly, is that if the power goes out, so does the hot water.

Gas Water Heaters

Gas heaters are more expensive to acquire, with a 50-gallon tank costing around $700. The operating costs of these heaters, on the other hand, are less expensive than those of an electric type. Despite the fact that natural gas is more likely to combust or leak, a gas-powered water heater produces hot water without the use of electricity. The most significant disadvantage of using a gas water heater is the harm it causes to the environment via the release of carbon dioxide. More information may be found at: How to Choose the Most Appropriate Water Heater Warranty

Energy-Efficient Storage Tank Water Heater Costs

If you want to be more ecologically concerned, you might consider purchasing one of these energy-efficient water heaters instead.

Solar Water Tank Heaters

Natural sunlight is used to heat the water in these water heaters. A solar water heater system is made up of two parts: a storage tank that retains water and solar collectors that produce heat. In most cases, a solar water heater will rely on a standard water tank in the event of a power failure. Active solar water tank systems and passive solar water tank systems are the two main types of solar water tank systems. An active system provides water to residences through the use of a pump, whereas a passive system circulates water around the home through the use of natural convection.

The increased expense is due to the considerable amount of labor required as well as the requirement for a backup water heater.

Indirect Water Heaters

Heat is provided to the tank by an existing furnace or boiler, which is powered by the energy from the furnace or boiler. The water from the boiler is cycled into the tank’s coils, where it is heated by the water contained within. This water heater style is energy efficient, as it relies on heat generated by a boiler or furnace to heat the water. Although the monthly cost of an indirect water heater is low, the initial purchase and water heater installation costs are more than those of traditional heaters, and are around $1,500 in comparison to the latter.

Signs of a Failing Water Heater

You should be on the lookout for warning indicators (such as the ones listed below) that indicate that you need to replace your water heater if you already have one on your property.

You may also avoid these problems by keeping your system in good working order using items from reputed firms such as Corro-Protec.

  • Water that is discolored or has an unusual flavor
  • It is possible to have water that takes longer to heat than usual or does not heat at all. Noises originating from your water heater that are loud or unusual
  • Leaks
  • A hot water heating system that has been in operation for more than 15 years

Selecting Your Water Heater

Keep the following considerations in mind when selecting a water heater for your residence:

  • Prior to purchasing a water heater for your house, examine whether or not the required fuel type is readily available. For example, if you’re considering a natural gas water heater, ensure sure your home already has or is capable of receiving a natural gas connection before proceeding. Household size and number of people in your house should be taken into consideration when purchasing a gas tank. Size of your home— For example, a family of two people need a 30–40 gallon tank, but a household of four people requires a 50–60 gallon tank. Savings on both costs and energy— Consider the price of each water heater as well as the cost of the fuel it uses. However, while certain heaters may be more expensive up front, their energy efficiency may allow you to save money in the long term.

When You Should Call a Plumbing Professional

It is suggested that you contact a professional if your water heater is showing symptoms of wear or if it has abruptly failed. Despite the fact that you may opt to replace a water heater as one of your home improvement projects, the intensive work and extensive expertise required to install a system make water heater repairs and replacement a job that is best left to a professional plumber.

Frequently Asked Questions About Water Heaters

After installation, a gas heater will take around 40 minutes to reach full temperature, but an electric heater may take an hour or longer. The length of time it takes for the heater to begin supplying hot water to your house is also dependent on the size and kind of water heater you have.

How many hours a day does a water heater run?

The size, style, and fuel source of a water heater all influence how long it will operate. A tankless water heater typically runs for around an hour per day, but a tank water heater may run for four hours or more each day. Immediately contact a licensed plumber if you find that your water heater is operating more frequently than normal. The plumber will evaluate your heater for any faults.

How much does it cost to replace a 50-gallon water heater?

For an electric water heater of the same size, the cost is around $1,000, while a natural gas water heater of the same capacity is approximately $1,200. Send an email to our Reviews Team if you have any comments or questions regarding this post.

Average Cost of Electric Water Heater – Price Breakdown

Anyone who has had a damaged water heater in their house will understand the value of hot water in a family’s life. It is as uncomfortable as it sounds to take a shower, shave, and wash your clothes with cold water. It is therefore critical to select the most appropriate water heater for your household. In order to select the most appropriate alternative for you, you must seek for a water heater that meets the following requirements: Has a sufficient carrying capacity Isn’t it too expensive to operate?

  1. Electric water heaters differ from gas water heaters (for cost information on gas water heaters, see our article on the typical cost of gas water heaters) in that they heat the water with an electrical coil element rather than a gas burner and are linked to the main power supply.
  2. It costs an average of $1,127 to install an electric water heater.
  3. The price ranges from $355 to $10,988 for items at the extreme low and high ends of the spectrum.
  4. Most likely, your electric water heater will cost between $800 and $1,500, which is a more reasonable price point.

The sort of water heater you require will be determined by your budget and individual requirements. As a general rule, the more money you spend on a water heater, the less money it will cost you to operate it in the long run.

  • When compared to gas water heaters, electric water heaters are typically $50 to $100 less expensive – in the case of tankless water heaters, the price difference is around half as great for an electric device. The price range for an electric water heater is typically between $300 to $2,880
  • However, there are exceptions.

A great variety of factors influence the outcome of this survey. The range is obviously wide. The four different types of water heaters available are shown below; which one you pick will be determined by your house, your family, and your budget – each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages when it comes to cost. A standard tank, sometimes known as a classic tank, is the most basic type of tank accessible. It works by utilizing an electrical element to cool water, which is then kept in a tank until you need it again.

  1. Tanks that have been recognized as energy efficient are known as high-efficiency tanks.
  2. A heat pump heater is a device that extracts heat from the surrounding air and uses it to warm water.
  3. You should expect to pay between $1,200 and $3,500 for a heat pump system.
  4. Solar energy is growing more and more efficient all the time.
  5. You should expect to pay between $1,800 and $5,500 for a solar-powered setup.
  6. In most countries, tax benefits are available for the installation of solar panels, lowering the overall cost of ownership.
  7. Energy efficiency is extraordinarily high in this case, with electric point-of-use systems operating at 98% or more.
  8. System sizes as little as 2.5 gallons are available for purchase as point-of-use systems (usually to provide hot water to a single faucet).
  9. The capacity of your tank has a significant impact on the price of your tank.

When it comes to capacity, there is a slight economy of scale at work — the larger the tank, the less you will pay per gallon of gasoline. The figure below illustrates the cost range, as well as the dollar per gallon, for gas and electric water heaters dependent on the size of the storage tank used.

30 $270 – $900 $9 – $30
40 $320 – $1,600 $8 – $40
50 $400 – $2,200 $8 – $44
75 $900 – $3,000 $12 – $40
80 $1,000 – $3,000 $1,000 – $3,000

The price you may anticipate to pay for larger tanks will be at the lower end of the ranges shown above as you progress in size. You will need to assess your family’s particular requirements in order to determine the appropriate size for you. Keep a detailed record of your family’s hot water consumption over the course of a normal week in order to accomplish this goal. Individual hot water consumption (showers, laundry, dishwashing, and so on) may be tracked either manually or by using your water meter to keep track of it.

  1. You’ll need to consider about installation after you’ve decided on the capacity and kind of water heater you’ll be purchasing.
  2. If you hire a professional to install your electric water heater, you should expect to pay between $620 and $1,020 for the service.
  3. In order to operate a normal 50-gallon water heater at 5,500 watts, with an energy factor (EF) of.90 and an electricity rate of $.16 per kilowatt-hour (all average estimates), you will spend around $781 per year.
  4. In most cases, though, you should expect to pay between $500 and $1,000 each year to keep your water heater operating properly.
  5. Because of its superior energy efficiency, the water heater with the higher EF rating will be less expensive to operate when two water heaters of equivalent size are compared.
  6. You should anticipate to pay somewhere between $200 and $500 for the conversion service.
  7. In the event that you perform the job yourself, the cost will be at the lower end of this spectrum (i.e., approximately $200), albeit you should only undertake this if you are proficient and knowledgeable in wiring.
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This will cost between $50 and $500 and is normally completed as part of the process by the contractor (although the fee will be added on to the final bill).

In general, though, you should anticipate to spend anywhere between $200 and $1,000 on any water heater repairs.

It’s also possible that your model is still covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, in which case you won’t be responsible for any repairs.

Occasionally, it may be less expensive to just replace the water heater rather than to fix an old one.

Any repairs that cost more than $750 are typically a waste of money; for an additional $200, you can get a complete new heater.

Choosing the most appropriate water heater for your family and your property is therefore a vital financial choice.

To some extent, this entails conducting research, but it also entails determining where you may make financial savings. Because, after all, having access to all of the available information will aid you in making the most informed decision possible.

Cost of Electric Hot Water Heaters

Avoid having your remodeling budget blown out of the water by unexpected expenditures — use our helpful calculator to find out what the average installation prices for Electric Hot Water Heaters are in your area. The Cost of Electric Hot Water Heaters components and what the installation cost can be are both available on our website, so you’ve arrived at the proper spot. As a registered home improvement contractor with years of expertise, I can tell you exactly how much it should cost for various levels of service – from the most basic to the most advanced.

Simply input your zip code and the square footage of your home, then click “Update,” and you will be presented with a breakdown of what it should cost to have Electric Hot Water Heaters installed on your property.

Electric Hot Water Heaters Costs Zip Code Units
Basic Better Best
Electric Hot Water Heaters – Material Prices $330.00 – $445.00 $457.00 – $565.00 $570.00 – $600.00
Electric Hot Water Heaters – Installation Cost $165.00 – $185.50 $200.00 – $220.00 $325.00 – $350.00
Electric Hot Water Heaters – Total $495.00 – $630.50 $657.00 – $785.00 $895.00 – $950.00
Electric Hot Water Heaters – Total Average Cost per Units $562.75 $721.00 $922.50

Electric Hot Water Heaters – Pricing and Installation Cost Checklist

  • Expect the pricing of Electric Hot Water Heaters to vary amongst different providers because each and every company has a unique set of operating fees and overhead. Make an effort to obtain quotes in the late fall or early winter — you should be able to take advantage of significant pricing cuts by waiting for a contractor’s off-season
  • In addition to the expenditures that our calculator estimates for Electric Hot Water Heaters, try to budget an extra 7-15 percent on top of that figure. Identify every supply business that sells your particular brand of Electric Hot Water Heaters and attempt to negotiate a better deal with each source – I save an average of 20% on my purchases this way. Installing Electric Hot Water Heaters is a difficult process that may leave you with a painful back if not done properly. You may discover that hiring an Electrician contractor to complete the work for you is more cost efficient in the long run. If you look about, ask your neighbors if they can recommend someone, and you will almost always find that electrical firms have cheaper pricing for electric hot water heaters – saving you time and money on additional charges for electric hot water heaters.

View Other Water Heater and Filtration Costs: From Gas, Electric, TanklessMore

References outside of the text:

  1. has an Energy Cost Calculator for Electric and Gas Water Heaters, which can be found here. On July 17, 2015, the following was added: HVAC/Plumbing Estimation in the Hud Path— Volume 8 Rehab Guide

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The Best Electric Tankless Water Heaters of 2021
  • The finest electric tankless water heater for your house has a variety of advantages, including the fact that it is affordable, relatively simple to install, and capable of significantly lowering hot water bills. This comprehensive guide can assist you with the selecting process.
The Best Tankless Water Heater
  • Tankless water heaters heat water as it goes through the device, as opposed to tank-style water heaters, which store a reserve of warm water in their tanks. If you’re looking for a tiny, energy-efficient water heater, check out our assessment of the best tankless water heaters on Amazon, which you can see below.
The best water heaters
  • When you invest in a high-quality water heater, showering should no longer seem like a torture session in the cold. You will also feel more comfortable and relaxed in the bath. Shopping, on the other hand, may get overwhelming when there are too many alternatives available. Nonetheless, don’t be concerned because our specialists have reviewed a large number of possibilities to compile a list of the finest water heaters on the market
The Best Tankless Water Heaters

  1. Our team of specialists has narrowed down the top tankless water heaters from among hundreds of different types. As a result of our investigation, we’ve limited the field to models from Stiebel Eltron, EcoSmart, Rheem, and Black + Decker. The Stiebel Eltron tankless water heater was rated “Best of the Best” in our Best Tankless Water Heaters category because of its exceptional quality and positive customer experience. We selected the EcoSmart as our Best Bang for the Buck because of the overall quality and value it offers consumers. Read our entire evaluation to learn about the advantages, disadvantages, and overall rating of each of the models we selected for our top five

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Electric vs. Gas Water Heaters: Major Differences, Pros And Cons

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What Electric or Gas Water Heaters Are

It is a tank that is heated by high-voltage electric heating rods that run vertically through the tank, which is known as an electric water heater. The water is heated from the center of the tank outward, starting at the center of the tank.

Gas Water Heater

In a gas water heater, water is heated by a gas-fired burner positioned at the bottom of the tank, which circulates the water. Hot water begins at the bottom of the tank and climbs to the top, where it is sucked out by a discharge tube at the top.

Electric Water Heater Pros and Cons

  • Operation is clean and safe, and the water is heated effectively. Purchase price is reduced. a large selection of sizes
  • There is no need to relight it because there is no pilot light. Because all residences are wired for electricity, it is simpler to connect


  • Higher running expenses
  • Water heats up more slowly than with gas versions
  • Recovery periods that are longer
  • During a power outage, the system will not work.

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Costs more to operate; water heats more slowly than with gas versions. Recoveries will take longer. During a power outage, the system will not function.

Gas Water Heater Pros and Cons

  • Water is heated fast
  • Lower running expenses as compared to electric vehicles
  • Efficacious in terms of energy consumption When there is a power breakdown, it continues to operate.


  • It is possible that not all residences have gas
  • Thus, it may be necessary to install gas. Ones that are less safe than electric models
  • Operation that is dirtier
  • A more limited range of sizes
  • Electricity has a shorter lifetime than gas. Water heating is less efficient than electric heating. It may be necessary to relight the room on occasion.

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Permits and inspections are often required for both electric and natural gas water heaters. Electric water heaters are easier to install than gas water heaters since electricity is available in all households, whereas gas is not always available.

Electric Water Heater

All of the houses are wired for electricity. In other cases, the 240-volt connection to the water heater location is already in place in the home itself. If this is the case, a new circuit can be created and connected to the home’s electric service panel.

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Gas Water Heater

Not all residences have access to natural gas. If the house does not have gas, it may be necessary to bring in municipal gas from the street to the house, which might be expensive. If the home is equipped with natural gas, a plumber will be required to install the gas lines.

Size of Water Heater

Electric water heaters are available in a wider range of sizes than gas water heaters, particularly when it comes to micro-sized point-of-origin (immediate demand) water heaters, which are becoming increasingly popular.

Electric Water Heater

Electric point-of-use water warmers are available in capacities ranging from two to twenty gallons.

Conventional electric tank water heaters have a capacity of 40 gallons and can hold up to 120 gallons. The majority of tanks hold 30, 40, or 50 gallons.

Gas Water Heater

Because there are no point-of-use gas water heaters available, all of the water heaters are tank versions. Gas water heaters are available in capacities ranging from 20 to 100 gallons. The majority of tanks hold 40, 50, 80, or 100 gallons.

Cost to Purchase

Water heaters that run on electricity are less expensive to acquire than water heaters that run on gas. It is always possible to purchase pricey water heaters in either electric or gas versions, but when looking for a less expensive heater, you will almost always find one that is electric.

Electric Water Heater

The majority of electric water heaters range in price from $500 to $800. The vast majority of these are in the $500 to $600 bracket.

Gas Water Heater

The majority of gas water heaters are priced between $600 and $800.


Electric water heaters are safer than gas water heaters since there is no gas line, burner, or pilot light to trigger a gas explosion or explosion.

Electric Water Heater

As a result, electric water heaters are more safe than gas water heaters since there is no gas line, burner, or pilot light to worry about.

Gas Water Heater

Electric water heaters are safer than gas water heaters since there is no gas line, burner, or pilot light.

Heating Rate

Gas water heaters heat water more quickly than electric water heaters, and they recover from their initial heating faster as well.

Electric Water Heater

Electric water heaters provide heat throughout the tank’s height, thanks to heating rods that run from the top to the bottom of the tank. Heating rods, on the other hand, gain heat at a far slower pace than in gas versions.

Gas Water Heater

The open flame of a gas water heater burns hotter than the electric rods or components of an electric water heater. Furthermore, because the burner is positioned at the bottom of the stove, it is more efficient because heat rises.

Cost to Operate

In comparison to electric water heaters, gas water heaters have a lower operating cost (approximately 33 percent less).

Electric Water Heater

Electric water heaters have an average monthly operating cost of $42 dollars.

Gas Water Heater

On average, gas water heaters cost around $30 per month to operate. When comparing the cost of gas and electricity in most places, gas is generally less expensive.

Energy Efficiency

Electric water heaters are more energy efficient than gas water heaters when it comes to heating water.

Electric Water Heater

While an electric water heater heats water more slowly and at a higher cost than a gas water heater, it also heats the water more efficiently than the latter. Due to the fact that the heating rods are completely submerged in water in a sealed tank, very little heat is lost.

Gas Water Heater

Despite the fact that gas water heaters burn hotter, they are less efficient than electric water heaters because a large portion of the energy production is lost through the vent at the top of the unit. The vent is required for the proper discharge of harmful gases.


Electric water heaters have a somewhat longer lifespan than gas water heaters, owing to the fact that they operate more cleanly. Electric water heaters have a lifespan of two to three years longer than gas water heaters, depending on the model.

Electric Water Heater

Electric water heaters have a lifespan of 10 to 15 years on average.

Gas Water Heater

Gas water heaters typically last between eight and twelve years before they need to be replaced.


Water heaters powered by electricity and gas are about equivalent in terms of their impact on the environment, with no obvious victor between the two varieties.

Electric Water Heater

Water heaters powered by electricity and gas are essentially equivalent in terms of their impact on the environment, with no obvious victor among the two varieties.

Gas Water Heater

When it comes to environmental effect, gas water heaters fall somewhere in the center. Gas is never as awful as energy generated by coal-fired power plants, but it is never as excellent as electricity generated by wind or solar power. Gas is a fossil fuel that cannot be replenished. While natural gas has traditionally been considered a more environmentally friendly source of energy than electricity, certain places have lately passed legislation prohibiting the usage of natural gas.

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Water Heater Buyer’s Guide: Gas vs. Electric Water Heater

Water heaters aren’t the kinds of things that people pin to their boards on Pinterest. However, when your water heater fails, a new water heater soon becomes your most sought large item of the moment. We explain all you need to know before purchasing an electric or gas storage tank water heater, so you can make an informed decision about which choice is best for your house.

First Things First: Water Heater Cost, Types, and Storage

According to the Department of Energy, heating water is the second most expensive utility expenditure in our homes, accounting for 14 percent to 18 percent of our monthly utility bills. As a result, selecting the appropriate water heater is critical not just for your comfort, but also for keeping your energy expenditures under control. We’ll go through four different types in this section. They all work together to keep water warm in an insulated storage tank until it is needed. And all of them, with the exception of point-of-use systems, are whole-house systems:

  1. Our houses’ second-highest price is heating water, which accounts for between 14 percent and 18 percent of our total utility bills, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. As a result, selecting the appropriate water heater is critical not just for your comfort but also for keeping your energy expenditures under control. Four different sorts will be discussed in this section: The water is kept at a comfortable temperature in an insulated storage tank until it’s needed. Except for point-of-use systems, all of these are whole-house solutions:

In case you didn’t know, a fifth type of water heater, tankless water heaters, warms cold water on demand just when you need it. In general, this makes them more energy efficient than ordinary tank types; nevertheless, they are more expensive to purchase and install. Furthermore, tankless devices are not always capable of meeting the hot water demands of high-demand households. The majority of tank water heaters are fuelled by either natural gas or electricity. It will be necessary to consider the sort of energy available in your property when determining the type of water heater you should buy.

Standard Storage Tank Water Heaters

Standard water heaters, by far the most common type of water heater, heat water by the use of a gas flame or an electric heating element. Gas water heaters are often less expensive to operate than electric water heaters, depending on your local utility bills. They also have a higher up-front cost than an electric vehicle. Gas heaters, on the other hand, save enough energy to make up for the difference in price in roughly a year depending on the savings.

Gas ranges from $300 to $600 per gallon; electric ranges from $250 to $500 per gallon. The cost of installation ranges from $700 to $2,000. Standard home tank water heaters include the following:

  • They range in size from 20 to 80 gallons. (However, surprise! The most crucial thing to consider is not the gallon capacity. Rather, it is a measure of efficiency known as the first-hour rating that is used. (See below for further information about the first-hour rating.)
  • They are less costly than other types of water heaters
  • Have a lifetime ranging from eight to fifteen years on average

High-Efficiency Storage Tank Water Heaters

High-efficiency (HE) versions, as the name indicates, are the most energy-efficient storage tank water heaters available on the market today. There are both gas and electric variants available. Most gas-fired water heaters are labeled with an energy factor (EF) number, which is regulated by the United States Department of Energy to assist customers in comparing the efficiency of comparable products. The greater the efficiency factor (EF), the more efficient the appliance. The efficiency of standard gas water heaters ranges from.50 to.60.

  • The EF of a high-efficiency water heater that is not Energy Star certified is approximately.62, whereas the EF of an Energy Star-qualified high-efficiency water heater is approximately.67 or higher. It is estimated that they consume 10 percent to 20 percent less energy than their conventional equivalents. This can result in yearly savings of up to $140 and savings of up to $2,900 throughout the tank’s useful life.

Costs range from around $620 to $1,500. Installation costs between $700 and $2,000, depending on where you live in the world. What if you’re looking for a high-efficiency electric vehicle? A heat pump water heater, often known as a hybrid water heater, is an alternative. They are the only electric water heaters that have been accredited by the Energy Star program. They are more costly than high-efficiency natural gas. They work by drawing heat from the surrounding air and transferring it to the water in the tank.

They are more expensive than regular electric heaters, but they may pay for themselves in less than two years by saving you money on energy costs.

Heat-pump water heaters are a type of electric water heater.

  • Need a lot of room – around 1,000 cubic feet of open air area surrounding the unit is required. They also require a location in your house where the temperature is regularly between 40 degrees and 90 degrees so that they can pull in warm surrounding air. Have a lifetime ranging from eight to fifteen years on average

Costs range from $1,100 to $3,000. The cost of installation ranges from $1,400 to $2,000.

Solar Water Tank Heaters

Solar water heaters can reduce your water heating expenses by half when compared to a regular water heater – but only if you’re willing to spend a lot of money on them. They are made up of two fundamental components:

  • In comparison to a regular water heater, solar water heaters can reduce your water heating expenses by half, but only if you’re willing to spend a lot of money on them. Essentially, they are made up of two parts: a)

Solar water heaters can reduce your water heating expenses by half when compared to a regular water heater – but only if you’re willing to spend a lot of money on it. They are comprised of two fundamental components:

  • Solar water heaters can decrease your water heating expenses in half when compared to a regular water heater – but only if you’re willing to spend a lot of money on them. They are composed of two fundamental components:

Equipment and installation costs around $8,000 to $10,000 in freezing zones; expenses are half that amount in locations where freeze protection for equipment is not required. It can take up to 30 years (which is longer than their estimated lifespan) before the energy savings from their installation pay for the initial investment. Local rebates and tax credits may be available to help offset the costs. Water heaters powered by the sun:

  • Are ideally suited for moderate to hot areas due to the fact that energy savings might be decreased or eliminated on cold or overcast days
  • Have a life expectancy of 20 years on average
  • When the collector is close to the tank, it will work most efficiently.
See also:  How Water Pump Works

Point-of-Use Water Heaters

These water heaters work in conjunction with your home’s whole-house water heater to provide hot water for a specific use, such as a kitchen faucet, as needed. By doing so, they limit the quantity of water wasted while waiting for the tap to become warm. If you have a basic understanding of plumbing, you can install a point-of-use water heater on your own. The majority of versions are electric and are available in a variety of gallon sizes, including 2.5, 6, 10, 15, 20, and 30 gallons. It is advised that you utilize the 20- and 30-gallon sizes for tiny, detached constructions and home extensions that do not require a whole-house water heater.

Although a point-of-use water heater can help you save money on water by reducing water waste, you’ll be adding another energy-guzzling equipment to your house, which will raise your utility bills. As a point of clarification, Energy Star does not certify point-of-use water heaters.

What’s More Important than Gallons? First-Hour Rating

Water heaters are frequently purchased by homeowners depending on their capacity. An 80-gallon water heater will normally provide enough hot water for the daily needs of a three- or four-person family, but not every heater with an 80-gallon tank produces the same quantity of hot water per hour. What you really need to know is how long a water heater will last in its first hour of operation (FHR). Using the FHR, you can determine how much hot water the machine will dependably supply in a specified length of time.

An 80-gallon water heater with a maximum annual flow rate of 30 gallons will not enough.

Alternatively, you might use thisFHR spreadsheet from the Department of Energy.

Features and Extras You Should Have

Brass valves: Tanks are equipped with a valve at the base that allows for simple emptying during normal inspection and maintenance (which you should do at least once per year). A sturdy brass valve will outlast a plastic valve by a long shot. Tank with a glass liner: A heavy-duty porcelain glass layer is installed within the water tank to protect it from the corrosive effects of water storage. Digital displays: They offer functionality by allowing customers to readily monitor water heating and customize the settings on their devices.

Warranties that last a long time: Warranties are available for three to twelve years.

They also contain a larger heating element, which helps to prevent mineral scale from accumulating at the bottom of the tank.

Related: How to Lower the Energy Consumption of Your Water Heater

How much does it cost to install electric water heating?

A brass valve is located at the base of each tank, allowing for simple emptying during periodic maintenance (which you should do at least once per year). Compared to a plastic valve, a brass valve is more reliable and robust. This type of tank contains a heavy-duty porcelain glass coating that protects the tank’s inside against corrosion caused by water storage. Digital displays: They offer functionality by allowing users to readily monitor water heating and customize the settings on their computers.

Warranty periods of many years are available: Warranties range from three to twelve years in length.

A larger heating element is also included to help prevent mineral scale from forming at the bottom of the tank, which can be problematic. It is possible to reduce the lifespan of a tank by accumulating debris and waste. Related: How to Lower the Energy Consumption of Your Water Heater.

Item Unit Cost Quantity Line Cost
1. Water heater:40 gallon tank, 240V, 9 kW. $297 each 1 $297
2. Upgrade tankless:additional cost to install tankless unit; 5.3 gallons per minute, 240V, 27 kW, 2 bathrooms. $418 each 1 $418
3. Upgrade electrical:install new circuit for upgraded tankless; 30 feet of ROMEX surface mounted cable,6/3; 2 each 60 amp breaker into existing spaces; single outlet box and cover. $4.72 per foot 32 $151
4. Removal:transport and non-hazardous dump fees. $45 per CY 1.5 $68
Fees and Material Cost $934 each 1 $934
5. + Labor Cost (remove and dispose) $32 per hour 2 $64
6. + Labor Cost (install) $42 per hour 4 $168
7. + Labor Cost (upgrade tankless) $42 per hour 1 $42
8. + Labor Cost (upgrade electrical) $42 per hour 3 $126
Total Cost $1,334 each 1 $1,334

Other considerations and costs

  • These costs are for service within a short driving distance of the provider’s location. All taxes and permit costs are not included in the price. Warranty extensions are available for an additional fee. Higher-end versions incorporate monitoring and control devices that are connected to the internet through Wi-Fi. Electric heaters are less difficult to install since they do not require venting or hard pipe, although tankless systems may necessitate the installation of a specific high-power electric circuit. The cost of operating the heater is determined by the cost of power in the area
  • Nonetheless, The careful observance of all applicable municipal norms and laws is required for all forms of construction. When a water heater has to be replaced, it is common for the installation to need to be modified in order to comply with the most recent laws and requirements, such as those pertaining to ventilation or earthquake preparation. If there are any repair issues, such as decay, during the contractor inspection, the homeowner should be advised of the costs associated with adapting the current building.

DIY considerations

  • When done correctly, this installation may be appropriate for the most capable do-it-yourselfers
  • Nevertheless, house insurance policies and municipal ordinances may necessitate the services of a qualified or certified installer. All situations may present problems that are best left to the expertise of specialists to address on the moment. It will be necessary to have a very comprehensive plumbing tool kit, which may include a torch.


  • Complete series of the Craftsman Estimator Costbook for the year 2015
  • The most recent pricing were discovered on the Home Depot and other vendor Web sites
  • DIY Web sites are the subject of a review of the literature.

Gas vs Electric Water Heater – Pros, Cons, Comparisons and Costs

A water heater is an essential component of every home, and it is possible that you do not give it much thought until it stops operating properly. Because a water heater has a median lifespan of between 8 and 15 years, it is probable that every homeowner will have to replace at least one of them throughout the course of their lives. Gas and electricity are the two most common forms of fuel for a typical water heater, respectively. Both have good and bad characteristics that should be considered.

Size ​

Hot water heaters are affected by their size in two ways. First and foremost, the majority of individuals are aware of the volume in gallons. In general, the more water a tank can store, the larger it will be in terms of overall size. Electric and gas warmers are available in a variety of capacities ranging from 20 to 100 liters. Electric heaters, on the other hand, are also available for use as point of origin warmers. Installing this very small water heater immediately at a tap allows you to have hot water available on demand for purposes like making tea or coffee.

Gas heaters must be vented, so they are slightly larger all around and have pipes that must escape your property, limiting their ability to be placed in certain areas.

Hot Water Availability

There are also certain aspects to consider when comparing the supply of hot water between the two methods. The first is energy supply, which is important since not every residence has access to a gas line, although almost every home has access to electricity. With an electric water heater, you will always have access to hot water as long as there is no power interruption. Gas heaters, on the other hand, may continue to heat your water even if the power goes out, as long as there is no interruption in the gas line.

A range of FHR values is available for both gas and electric tanks.

Gas heaters, on the other hand, tend to heat up more quickly than electric heaters, which means that the FHR on a gas heater is generally greater.

Energy-Efficiency ​

While gas hot water heaters are less expensive to operate than electric hot water heaters because of the lower cost of natural gas, electric hot water heaters are really more efficient. This is related to the method in which the heaters are designed to function. A gas heater must exhaust the wasted gas, which also carries part of the heat out with it, in order to function properly. An electric heater converts virtually all of the energy it absorbs into hot water, resulting in less energy waste than a gas heater.

Gas heaters with high energy efficiency are available, and they consume much less energy overall. These are the only types of tank heaters that have been awarded the Energy Star certification. An electric tank heater with a high-energy-efficiency design is not currently available on the market.


Replacing a gas hot water heater with either a gas or an electric hot water heater, or replacing an electric hot water heater with another electric hot water heater, is normally a simple operation. It is necessary to plumb and ground an electric heater before it can be used. Installing a gas heater with an existing natural gas supply entails pluming the heater, connecting the natural gas supply, and connecting the vent. When converting from electric to gas, the transition might be challenging.

It will then be necessary to construct a vent, which may entail cutting or drilling through the side of the house.

Costs ​

Electric hot water heaters are less expensive to acquire than gas hot water heaters, but they are more expensive to operate over time. Electric heaters have fewer moving components, which contributes to their reduced initial purchase price. They also tend to be less difficult to install, which means that installation expenses may be lower as well. However, the cost of electricity each month is more than the cost of the same quantity of energy from natural gas. In other words, while you may pay less up front, a gas heater may end up paying for itself over time through decreased energy bills.

A gas water heater would typically cost roughly $30 per month for the average home, but an electric heater will cost closer to $42 per month, according to figures.

While the cost of installing an electric heater runs from $700 to $1,000, the cost of installing a gas heater ranges from $1,000 to $2,000, depending on whether or not you already have a gas line and vent in place.


Both gas and electric water heaters are quite simple to keep up to date. Both should be flushed on a regular basis to prevent silt from accumulating at the bottom of the tank and limiting the tank’s lifespan. Some gas tanks may require cleaning of the vents on a regular basis if particles from the gas accumulate inside the tank. All gas lines should be tested on a regular basis to ensure that there are no gas leaks.

Safety Concerns ​

It is possible for a natural gas appliance or a natural gas line in your home to leak and cause an explosion, increasing the danger of injury or death. Furthermore, you have a greater chance of experiencing carbon monoxide leaks in your residence.

If you want to avoid this problem from occurring, you should do proper maintenance on the vent and conduct frequent inspections on the gas line. These dangers are not present with electric hot water heaters.

Environmental Concerns

If you want to live green and reduce your influence on the environment, it makes sense to think about the environmental impact of each option as well as the economic impact of each alternative. Generalized Electric heaters are better for the environment since they are more energy efficient and have the option of drawing their electricity from environmentally friendly, renewable energy sources such as solar and hydropower. Natural gas is the only energy source available for gas water heaters, and it must be mined from the earth in a costly and environmentally destructive process that emits significant amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

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