Water Heater Installation Cost Guide (2022)
A comparison of the costs of a tank and a tankless water heater, gas versus electric water heaters, energy-efficient water heaters, signs of a failing water heater, how to choose a water heater, when to call a plumber, and frequently asked questions In practically every family, having access to clean, hot water has become a luxury. While the requirement for hot water in a home is constant, the methods by which it is produced are constantly evolving, with a wide range of tanks and fuel sources accessible to homeowners.
Tank vs. Tankless Water Heater Costs
In terms of water heaters, the tank and tankless water heaters are two of the most popular options available.
Tank Water Heaters
Storage tank water heaters are a popular alternative for households because they can keep and heat large amounts of water on a continuous basis. Water heaters are often situated out of sight, in a garage, basement, or utility closet, among other places. Tank water heaters generally utilize electricity or natural gas to heat the water they produce. The installation of a storage tank water heater is less difficult than the installation of a tankless water heater, needing just roughly three hours of effort.
Tank heaters, although being a more inexpensive choice, are less energy-efficient due to the fact that they must operate continuously in order to maintain the target tank temperature.
Tankless Water Heaters
Tankless water heaters function by heating water only when it is required. The technology heats the water pipe with either a gas burner or electricity, allowing it to furnish water on demand. A tankless device, like a hot water storage tank, can be kept in a basement or utility closet for easy access. Tankless heaters are less bulky than tank units and may be placed on the wall of a bathroom or bedroom, for example. Tankless water heaters are more expensive to purchase up front than tank water heaters, with prices ranging from $1,200 to $3,500 for homes.
Electric tankless heaters will require the installation of brand new electrical wiring.
Furthermore, these water heaters have a longer longevity, with an average lifespan of around 20 years.
Gas vs. Electric Water Heater Costs
Tankless and tank water heaters are both available in gas and electric variants, with each offering its own set of advantages and disadvantages to homes.
Electric Water Heaters
An electric tank is less expensive to purchase and install than a gas tank, with a household 50-gallon tank water heater costing roughly $500 to purchase and put in place. The overall cost of operation on a monthly basis, on the other hand, is typically more than the cost of operating a gas heater. Because there is a lower danger of a leak or combustion with this heat source than with gas, it is regarded to be safer than gas. The disadvantage of using an electric heater, which is more ecologically friendly, is that if the power goes out, so does the hot water.
Gas Water Heaters
Gas heaters are more expensive to acquire, with a 50-gallon tank costing around $700. The operating costs of these heaters, on the other hand, are less expensive than those of an electric type. Despite the fact that natural gas is more likely to combust or leak, a gas-powered water heater produces hot water without the use of electricity. The most significant disadvantage of using a gas water heater is the harm it causes to the environment via the release of carbon dioxide. More information may be found at: How to Choose the Most Appropriate Water Heater Warranty
Energy-Efficient Storage Tank Water Heater Costs
For a 50-gallon tank of gas, it costs around $700 to acquire a heater. This type of heater does have a higher initial cost, but its operating expenditures are lower than those of an electric heater. However, despite the fact that natural gas is more likely to combust or leak than electricity, a gas-powered model can deliver hot water without the need for an electrical source. By emitting carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the most significant disadvantage of a gas water heater is its negative impact on the environment.
Solar Water Tank Heaters
Natural sunlight is used to heat the water in these water heaters. A solar water heater system is made up of two parts: a storage tank that retains water and solar collectors that produce heat. In most cases, a solar water heater will rely on a standard water tank in the event of a power failure. Active solar water tank systems and passive solar water tank systems are the two main types of solar water tank systems. An active system provides water to residences through the use of a pump, whereas a passive system circulates water around the home through the use of natural convection.
The increased expense is due to the considerable amount of labor required as well as the requirement for a backup water heater.
Indirect Water Heaters
Heat is provided to the tank by an existing furnace or boiler, which is powered by the energy from the furnace or boiler. The water from the boiler is cycled into the tank’s coils, where it is heated by the water contained within. This water heater style is energy efficient, as it relies on heat generated by a boiler or furnace to heat the water.
Although the monthly cost of an indirect water heater is low, the initial purchase and water heater installation costs are more than those of traditional heaters, and are around $1,500 in comparison to the latter. Adobe Licensed (Adobe Licensed)
Signs of a Failing Water Heater
You should be on the lookout for warning indicators (such as the ones listed below) that indicate that you need to replace your water heater if you already have one on your property. You may also avoid these problems by keeping your system in good working order using items from reputed firms such as Corro-Protec.
- Water that is discolored or has an unusual flavor
- It is possible to have water that takes longer to heat than usual or does not heat at all. Noises originating from your water heater that are loud or unusual
- A hot water heating system that has been in operation for more than 15 years
Selecting Your Water Heater
Keep the following considerations in mind when selecting a water heater for your residence:
- Prior to purchasing a water heater for your house, examine whether or not the required fuel type is readily available. For example, if you’re considering a natural gas water heater, ensure sure your home already has or is capable of receiving a natural gas connection before proceeding. Household size and number of people in your house should be taken into consideration when purchasing a gas tank. Size of your home— For example, a family of two people need a 30–40 gallon tank, but a household of four people requires a 50–60 gallon tank. Savings on both costs and energy— Consider the price of each water heater as well as the cost of the fuel it uses. However, while certain heaters may be more expensive up front, their energy efficiency may allow you to save money in the long term.
When You Should Call a Plumbing Professional
It is suggested that you contact a professional if your water heater is showing symptoms of wear or if it has abruptly failed. Despite the fact that you may opt to replace a water heater as one of your home improvement projects, the intensive work and extensive expertise required to install a system make water heater repairs and replacement a job that is best left to a professional plumber.
Frequently Asked Questions About Water Heaters
After installation, a gas heater will take around 40 minutes to reach full temperature, but an electric heater may take an hour or longer. The length of time it takes for the heater to begin supplying hot water to your house is also dependent on the size and kind of water heater you have.
How many hours a day does a water heater run?
The size, style, and fuel source of a water heater all influence how long it will operate. A tankless water heater typically runs for around an hour per day, but a tank water heater may run for four hours or more each day. Immediately contact a licensed plumber if you find that your water heater is operating more frequently than normal. The plumber will evaluate your heater for any faults.
How much does it cost to replace a 50-gallon water heater?
For an electric water heater of the same size, the cost is around $1,000, while a natural gas water heater of the same capacity is approximately $1,200. Send an email to our Reviews Team firstname.lastname@example.org if you have any comments or questions regarding this post.
How Much Does Water Heater Installation And Replacement Cost?
A 50-gallon electric water heater costs around $1,000, whereas a natural gas water heater of the same size costs approximately $1,200. Alternatively, you may send an email to email@example.com if you have any comments or questions regarding this piece.
Water Heater Costs
Replacement of a water heater typically costs $1200, which includes both the cost of the new unit and the cost of labor. As cheap as $815 might be obtained by bargain hunters who are looking for a good deal. High-end systems can cost upwards of $10,000 or more, depending on the type of water heater used, the location of the installation, and other factors that we’ll discuss in further detail later. Additionally, you may be interested in the tankless water heaters available at Home Depot. Testimonials from customers Exceptionally well-written Performance Platinum 9.5 GPM Liquid Propane Water Heater by Rheem Performance Platinum 9.5 GPM Liquid Propane Water Heater by Rheem 3Rinnai RU199iP RU Model Series 3Rinnai RU199iP RU Model Series 3Rinnai RU199iP RU Model Series 3Rinnai RU199iP RU Model Series 3Rinnai RU199iP RU Model Series Testimonials from customers Exceptionally well-written 3Rinnai RU199iP RU Model Series 3Rinnai RU199iP RU Model Series 3Rinnai RU199iP RU Model Series 3Rinnai RU199iP RU Model Series 3Rinnai RU199iP RU Model Series 4Rinnai V53DeP V Model Series 4Rinnai V53DeP V Model Series 4Rinnai V53DeP V Model Series 4Rinnai V53DeP V Model Series Model Series: Rinnai RL75eP RL Model Rinnai RL75eP Testimonials from customers Exceptionally well-written Model Series: Rinnai RL75eP RL Model Rinnai RL75eP If you’re considering purchasing a propane tankless water heater, you may feel overwhelmed by the number of options available.
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Hot Water Heater Installation Prices
Replacement of a water heater typically costs $1200, which includes both the cost of the new unit and the labor costs. A bargain shopper may get it done for as little as $815 on the low end of the spectrum. Highly customized systems can cost up to $10,000 or more, depending on the type of water heater used, the location of the installation, and a variety of other factors that we’ll discuss in further detail shortly. Additionally, you might be interested in the tankless water heaters available at Home Depot.
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Tank vs. Tankless
For more than a century, tank-type water heaters have been the industry standard for heating water. They keep the hot water in tanks ranging from 30 to 80 gallons. In the United States, this form of water heater accounts for more than 85 percent of all domestic water heaters. A tank-style hot water heater installation costs on average between $ 650 and $2,100, which includes the cost of the new water heater, supplies, and installation labor. They can be powered by electricity, gas, propane, or fuel oil, and they have a lifespan of 10 to 12 years.
The water is heated as it passes through the waterline, rather than being stored and kept hot by using energy to maintain the temperature of the water.
They can be fueled by gas or electricity and have a lifespan of more than 20 years in many cases.
Tank Size or Tankless Water Heating Capacity
The size of the water heater has an impact on the cost as well. Typical tank-style heaters have storage capacities ranging from 20 to more than 80 gallons, with most households opting for a 40 or 50-gallon capacity. The size of a tankless water heater is measured in gallons per minute, with a flow rate ranging between two and six gallons per minute (gpm). For the majority of households, a greater flow rate of four to six gpm is advised.
Make certain that the replacement unit you purchase will provide adequate hot water for the amount of people who will be living in the house. The typical prices mentioned below are for the unit price alone, and do not include labor or any other fees.
Gas vs. Electric
Depending on the model, water heaters are powered by gas (natural gas or propane) or electricity. Heat is given either by a gas flame or by an electric coil, depending on the application. Compared to gas water heaters, electric water heaters cost between $100 and $200 less. Nonetheless, because of the greater cost of electricity and the lower cost of natural gas and propane in many parts of the nation, gas water heaters are frequently more cheap over the course of the unit’s useful life. Electric water heaters are still an excellent solution for tiny or limited spaces since they do not require any venting to function properly.
Direct Vent vs. Power Vent
Gas water heaters create exhaust that must be vented either directly overhead through a vent flue or through a power vent blower to provide proper ventilation. Unlike indirect vent water heaters, direct vent water heaters exhaust through a flue pipe located above the device. You should budget an additional $500 to $1,000 to build the vent pipe if you are replacing an electric water heater with a direct vent natural gas water heater. Power vent water heaters employ a fan to blast exhaust out through vent pipes, which is a more environmentally friendly option.
When compared to a direct vent system, this method provides greater flexibility in terms of where the unit may be installed while also being more energy efficient.
Labor Cost to Install a Hot Water Heater
In addition to the cost of the device, the labor fee accounts for a significant amount of the total installation cost. Prices for labor might range from $150 to $1,000 or even more per hour. They vary depending on the hourly rate of the installer, the size and kind of water heater being installed, and the location of the installation.
Cost Per Hour
The majority of the work involved in installing a gas or electric water heater may be completed by a plumber. Their labor charges range from $45 and $150 per hour depending on the position. An electrician will be required if the task involves extensive electrical work, such as the installation of a new circuit or the conversion from gas to electricity. The cost of an electrician’s services will range from $50 to $100 per hour.
Average Hours Per Water Heater Type
Replacement of tank-type water heaters, whether gas or electric, takes around three hours in most cases. The installation of a tankless water heater will take between eight and ten hours. If you are switching from a gas to an electric water heater, or vice versa, or if you are moving the water heater to a new location in the house, this can significantly increase the length of the job and may even necessitate the hiring of additional types of labor, such as carpenters or drywall installers, to complete the project.
Additional Water Heater Replacement Cost Factors
In addition to the cost of the appliance and the work of the installation, there may be other fees associated with replacing a water heater. Included in this are permit fees, the installation of an expansion tank, the removal and disposal of the old water heater, the installation of water or gas lines, electrical or carpentry work, and the price of materials and labor.
In addition to the cost of the appliance and the work of the installation, there may be other expenses associated with replacing a water heater. Permit fees, the installation of an expansion tank, the removal and disposal of the old water heater, the installation of water or gas lines, electrical or carpentry work, as well as materials expenses, might all be included.
The use of an expansion tank is a safety feature that protects pipes from collapsing in the event that the water heater’s tank malfunctions. However, while many older homes do not include one, it is sometimes required by local building requirements that one be added when a water heater is replaced. The cost of installing a new expansion tank ranges from $40 to $350.
The old tank must be removed in order for the new one to be installed. The cost of removing the old tank will range from $100 to $500, depending on the contractor’s rate, the size of the tank, and the ease with which it can be reached. Expect to pay more if the object is large and difficult to remove.
Relocating the Unit or Fuel Conversion
Moving a water heater to a different place in the house, switching from one fuel type to another, or even upgrading to a larger tank can all increase the cost of installation dramatically. Water line rerouting ($350 to $1,700), framing a wall ($200-$400), installing drywall ($800-$2,500), adding a gas line ($250 to $800), or extending electrical wiring ($500 to $1,500) are all possible requirements for your project. You should consult with your installer if you are considering anything other than a direct replacement.
Moving a water heater to a different place in the house, switching from one fuel type to another, or even upgrading to a larger tank can drastically increase the cost of installation. Water line rerouting ($350 to $1,700), framing a wall ($200-$400), installing drywall ($800-$2,500), adding a gas line ($250 to $800), and extending electrical wiring ($500 to $1,500) are all possible requirements for your project. If you’re thinking of something other than a straight replacement, talk to your installer.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Traditional tank-style water heaters have a lifetime of eight to thirteen years. They are not energy efficient. Tankless water heaters have a lifespan of 20 years or longer.
Can I install a water heater myself?
Traditionally constructed tank-style water heaters last between eight and thirteen years before needing replacement. Tankless water heaters have a lifespan of up to 20 years.
Should I buy a water heater from a plumber?
It’s common to be offered a labor warranty when working with an experienced plumber.
An additional guarantee offered by the plumber, in addition to any parts or equipment warranty provided by the appliance’s manufacturer, may cover the cost of any repairs necessary as a result of incorrect installation work.
What are the signs your hot water heater is going out?
It’s common to be given a labor warranty when working with an experienced plumber. An additional guarantee offered by the plumber, in addition to any parts or equipment warranty provided by the appliance’s manufacturer, may cover the cost of repairs connected with incorrect installation work.
- The water heater has reached or is nearing the end of its expected service life
- The hot water is rapidly depleted. The temperature of your shower is uneven
- It appears that water is seeping from the tank. Water that is discolored comes from the faucets. The pressure of the water has reduced
- The water does not get heated
- Instead, it remains cool. Noises emanating from the heater, such as loud cracks or pops, for example
Why do water heaters fail?
Premature failure of a water heater can occur for a variety of causes that can be avoided. Keep an eye out for these concerns and be prepared to take action if they develop.
- Internal corrosion as a result of a worn-out anode rod Check the anode rod once a year and replace it if it appears to be worn
- Because of the high mineral concentration of the water, sediment accumulates inside the tank. Annual tank cleaning is recommended to prevent sediment accumulation. Excessive water pressure can cause damage to the water heater as well as other components of the water system. If the pressure of the water entering the home is more than 80 psi, the pressure release valve should be adjusted or replaced. A water heater that is not properly sized will be overworked, leading components to wear out sooner than they should. Install a new hot water heater that is appropriate for the number of people living in the house
Gas Water Heaters – Ace Hardware
Install a natural gas water heater from Ace to bring your home up to date with clean burning technology. Choosing from our selection of high-quality gas hot water heaters will help you save money on your energy costs while also providing immediate hot water to every tap in your home. To select the ideal gas water heater for your house and family size, go through a variety of sizes and BTU ratings.
Natural Gas Water Heaters
Install a natural gas water heater from Ace to bring your property up to code. A gas hot water heater from our selection of high-quality gas water heaters will help you save money on your energy costs while also providing immediate hot water to every tap in your home. Choose from a variety of sizes and BTU ratings to locate the gas water heater that’s right for your house and family size needs.
- Meets or exceeds the criteria established by the NAECA. Diffuser-end PEX dip tube
- Temperature and pressure relief valves
- Safety relief valves
- First-hour gallon ratings that are high
- Precision temperature control is provided by an electronic thermostat. LED light for the operational indication
- Little heat loss
- Protection against corrosion within tanks
Tankless Natural Gas Hot Water Heaters
NAECA standards are met or exceeded in this case. Temperature and pressure relief valves at the diffuser end of the PEX dip tube First-hour gallon ratings that are above average. For accurate temperature control, an electronic thermostat is used. LED light for the operational indication; little heat loss. corrosion protection for tanks and storage containers
- Extremely high recovery efficiency (about 100 percent)
- Excellent consistent energy factors Design of an indoor condensing model
- Meeting the standards for Ultra Low NOx emissions in California
- • Compatibility with three-quarter-inch natural gas lines
Mobile Home Gas Hot Water Tanks
Gas hot water tanks are available in a variety of sizes and shapes, including those designed expressly for mobile homes. Low heat loss is achieved by the use of glass-lined tanks and ecologically safe, non-CFC foam insulation in our mobile home natural gas water heaters. When installing these water heaters, the cost of vent pipe and air intake is cheaper than with other types. The following characteristics should be sought for in our selection of gas mobile home hot water heaters:
- Models with a sealed combustion chamber
- Corrosion protection provided by quality anode rods
- Safety relief valves for temperature and pressure have been installed at the factory. Heat trap nipples coated with PEX polymer and measuring three quarters of an inch in diameter
- Connection to water is simple
- Compatibility with vent piping is straightforward. High ratings in the first hour
- Proportional conversions between propane and natural gas
- With the use of a green choice gas burner, NOx emissions were reduced by 33 percent. Pilot ignition is made simple using a piezo igniter.
Shop Ace Hardware for Natural Gas Water Heaters
With a natural gas water heater from Ace, you can keep your water hot while keeping your energy expenditures low. Our knowledgeable team can assist you in locating the ideal natural gas water heater and water heater accessories for your house. Simply visit your local shop to receive professional ideas and guidance from our knowledgeable experts. We’ll make it simpler for you to choose the best goods for your requirements.
Hot Water Heater Costs & Installation Prices
The average cost of purchasing a water heater is $1,190 dollars. Get quotations from as many as three professionals! Enter your zip code below to get matched with top-rated professionals in your area. Water heater installation, often known as hot water heater installation or just water heater installation, is one of the most popular (and vital!) house modifications.
Hot water heater replacement costs can range from $810 to $1,570, and the cost is determined by whether you are performing a straightforward one-for-one exchange or a more involved upgrade to a tankless system.
How Much Does It Cost to Buy a Hot Water Heater?
Hot water heaters are crucial components of any household, whether you’re washing linens in hot water or resting in a nice bubble bath. When estimating the cost of replacing a water heater, consider the cost of the unit itself, as well as the time it will take your pros to install the unit. Water heaters range in price from $300 to $2,000 for the device alone, with labor costs ranging from $45 to $150 per hour. If the plumber does not need to make any changes to the system, such as switching from an electric to a gas system, the installation visit should take no more than two to three hours on average.
The Average Cost of Hot Water Heaters With Installation
- 900 dollars for a 40- to 50-gallon tank
- 3,000 dollars for a tankless system
Additional Hot Water Heater Costs
Assuming all goes smoothly, all you’ll need is a simple water heater exchange—out with the old, in with the new. Some households, however, will require additional services in order to complete the changeover appropriately. The requirements for residential water heaters change from time to time, necessitating frequent modifications. But try not to be concerned about these code upgrades; they are strictly for safety reasons. Your plumber will inform you of the code requirements (and may direct you to other local specialists such as an electrician), which is especially important if you want to convert from a gas to an electric water heater or if you want to relocate the water heater.
- Electricians charge between $50 and $100 per hour
- Additional wiring costs between $550 and $2,200
- New gas lines cost between $250 and $800
- New water lines cost between $350 and $1,900
- Required permits cost between $100 and $1,500
- Wall framing costs between $200 and $400
- Drywall installation costs between $1,000 and $2,900
- Water heater removal costs between $100 and $500
How Much Does It Cost to Buy a Hot Water Heater Near You?
Electricians charge between $50 and $100 per hour; additional wiring costs between $550 and $2,200; new gas lines cost between $250 and $800; new water lines cost between $350 and $1,900; required permits cost between $100 and $1,500; wall framing costs between $200 and $400; drywall installation costs between $1,000 and $2,900; water heater removal costs between $100 and $500.
The City or State Average Cost Range
- San Diego:$935–$1,600
- San Francisco:$1,050–$1,850
- Austin, TX:$850–$1,650
- Atlantic City, N.J.:$1,129
How Much Does It Cost to Buy a Hot Water Heater by Type?
Tank and tankless water heaters are the two types of water heaters available. Both types of water heaters generate hot water using either natural gas (natural gas or propane) or electricity. It’s not uncommon for a classic tank water heater to have a huge storage tank that may contain anywhere from 30 to 80 gallons of water. 90 percent of families have a tank hot water heater that is hidden away in a basement or laundry room, and you are not alone. A tankless water heater is about the size of a compact suitcase, and it heats water using a coil system instead of a tank.
As with a heating zone, indirect-fired heaters employ a coil within the tank that is connected to a boiler through pipework.
These tanks are more costly (about $1,000 to $1,500) than typical gas or electric tanks, and they take between four and eight hours to install on average.”
Gas Water Heater Costs vs. Electric Water Heater Costs
Natural gas units, on average, cost $100 to $200 more than electric units and operate at a lower efficiency than electric units. However, if your city’s electric rates are high, the gas alternative will be a more cost-effective option in the long run. In an apartment or a compact area, electric water heaters (both tank and tankless) are the most efficient option since they do not require various types of venting.
Gas Water Heater
- Natural gas units, on average, cost $100 to $200 more than electric units and run at a lower efficiency than electric ones. The gas alternative, on the other hand, is a more cost-effective option in the long run if your city’s energy rates are excessive. The finest electric water heaters (either tank or tankless) for apartment dwellers or those who live in compact spaces are those that do not require various types of venting.
Electric Water Heater
- Natural gas units, on average, cost $100 to $200 more than electric units and perform less effectively. However, if your city’s power rates are high, the gas alternative is a more cost-effective option in the long run. In an apartment or a compact area, electric water heaters (both tank and tankless) are the most efficient option because they do not require any additional venting.
|Gas Water Heater||$250 – $1,800|
|Electric Water Heater||$200 – $2,880|
Average Cost of a High-Efficiency Water Heater
Despite the fact that you use your water heater on a regular basis, you may not be aware that it is the second-highest source of energy usage in your house (an HVAC ranks first). Investing in a high-efficiency water heater is both a cost-effective and ecologically responsible decision. High-efficiency water heaters typically cost between $1,000 and $3,000, including the equipment and installation labor. Their energy efficiency ranges from 100 percent to 300 percent more than that of typical water heaters, and they include features such as high-quality insulation, plastic tanks, and sophisticated controls that detect leaks.
Tankless Hot Water Heater Costs
If you decide that the expense of a tankless water heater is a suitable long-term investment, you’ll spend more up front (about $1,000 to $3,000), but you’ll make up for it in energy savings during the heater’s 20-year life span. Tankless heaters have an additional benefit: they provide on-demand hot water with no waiting time, which is ideal after a chilly day of skiing. But keep in mind that this is not a do-it-yourself job. Because of the gas lines, electrical, and venting involved, it is advisable to leave the installation of a tankless water heater to local experienced installers.
A reasonably easy activity that will assist to extend the life of your heater while also ensuring that your warranty is not canceled.
Make sure you speak with your heating contractor about establishing a preventative maintenance schedule for your heater.”
Solar Water Heater Costs
You’ll see a solar water system on any “off the grid” home-building show if you pay attention. The owners save money over time as a result of this technology, although the initial investment is substantial. It costs between $1,800 and $5,500 to install a solar water heater; however, the price can rise to as much as $13,000 depending on the product, installation fees, maintenance expenses, and the availability of a qualified contractor.
Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heaters Costs
You may witness a solar water system in action on any “off the grid” house building show. The owners save money over time as a result of this technology, although the initial cost is significant.
Fees for solar water heater installation range from $1.880 to $5.580; however, the cost of a solar water heater can reach as high as $13,000 depending on the type, installation expenses, maintenance costs, and the availability of a qualified contractor.
Indirect Water Heater Installation Costs
Indirect water heaters range in price from $800 to $1,500 and are a versatile and efficient option. This function is the most popular since it allows you to use a variety of energy sources from a local source. These include gas, oil, propane, electric, solar, or any combination of these. Indirect water heaters generate heat by heating water in a coil within the tank’s interior. Even though the water used to heat that water may be heated by a direct fuel source such as natural gas, oil, or propane, that water that is used to heat the water distributed to your fixtures is heated by the internal water coil (which is typically made of copper, stainless steel, or nickel-plated copper), not by a direct fuel source (hence the term “indirect” heater).
|High-Efficiency Hot Water Heater||$1,000 – $3,000|
|Tankless Hot Water Heater||$1,000 – $3,000|
|Solar Water Heater||$1,800 – $13,000|
|Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heater||$1,200 – $3,500|
|Indirect Water Heater||$800 – $1,500|
What Factors Influence the Cost of a Hot Water Heater?
Indirect water heaters range in price from $800 to $1,500, but they are a versatile and efficient option. The ability to use a variety of energy sources from a local source (gas, oil, propane, electric, solar, or any combination of these) is the most popular selling point. Water is heated in a coil within the tank of an indirect water heater. Even though the water used to heat that water may be heated by a direct fuel source such as natural gas, oil, or propane, that water that is used to heat the water distributed to your fixtures is heated by the internal water coil (which is typically made of copper, stainless steel, or nickel-plated copper), not by a direct fuel source (hence the term “indirect” heater)
Location of the Hot Water Heater
Most homeowners purchase a new water heater only after their current one fails, and this usually occurs at an inconvenient time—for example, when you have houseguests who love hot showers. A hot water heater upgrade or a relocation of your hot water heater is most likely in order. The position of the hot water heater might be changed by homeowners in order to conserve space or make way for additional changes. If you choose for a tankless unit, the position of the installation may be altered as well.
Water Heater Sizes
The simplest way to determine what size water heater you’ll need is to count the number of people who live in your home. Calculate your first-hour rating (FHR), also known as peak hot water demand, as well as the recovery rate of your tank to become more specific. As an illustration: Gallons consumed in one hour using the function XPeak Use during one hour = Gallons consumed in one hour Showering for 10 gallons on average each hour multiplied by three hours is 30 gallons.
Tank Water Heater Measured by Gallons
- 1 person need 20–30 gallons
- 2–3 people require 30–40 gallons
- 4–5 people require 40–50 gallons
- And 6 or more people require 55 gallons or more.
Tankless Water Heaters Measured by Gallons Per Minute
- A single person need 20–30 gallons
- Two–three people require 30–40 gallons
- Four–five people require 40–50 gallons
- And six or more individuals require 55 gallons or more.
Getty Images photo by brizmaker from the iStock collection.
FAQs About Water Heater Costs
Even though most people wait until the last minute, you should consider purchasing a hot water heater if you begin to see the telltale indications of approaching failure. Keep in mind that the lifespan of a normal tank water heater is eight to twelve years, depending on the model. Here are a few red flags to look out for:
- Metallic aftertaste water that is rusty or stained
- Water does not heat sufficiently, but just warms
- Pops and cracks that make a lot of noise
How can I extend the life of my water heater?
The longevity of a tank-type heater is determined by the anode rod that is put within the tank. This rod is intended to attract corrosive substances and pull them away from the metal components of the tank’s metal components. Anode rods have a lifespan of around five years.
Replacing the anode every three to four years may effectively double the tank’s lifespan, effectively doubling it practically indefinitely. In addition, the anode rod is one of the least costly changeable elements of a heater (costing on average approximately $30).
How do I find a professional to install my hot water heater?
The sort of unit that your home requires is something you’re looking for in a trained, local, and licensed plumber with expertise installing that type of unit. Not every contractor or plumber have the necessary expertise to install these systems. Consult with each professional to determine whether they have previous experience dealing with your particular scenario, particularly if you want skills for an electric to gas conversion or a complex tankless or solar heating system.
How Much Does Water Heater Installation Cost?
Water heaters are one of the most often used household appliances in households all over the world, especially in developing countries. In the winter, having a running water heater is nothing short of a gift. When planning a water heater installation project, one of the factors to take into consideration is the cost of the installation. It costs $400 to $900 to install a 40-50 gallon water heater with a tank, depending on the size of the unit. The cost of installing a tankless water heater typically ranges between $1,470 and $2,500 in most cases.
Tank vs. Tankless Systems
Even though some plumbing contractors in Alpharetta feel that tankless heaters are more energy efficient than traditional heaters, many people believe that they are not as advantageous as they are promoted. A tankless water heater might cost as much as $2500 to install, depending on the model. A tank water heater is reasonably affordable (up to $900 installed), and it can be installed quickly. Tankless systems are quite tough to keep up to date. Despite the fact that homes that utilize these systems claim savings of $70-$80 per year, it takes such households several years to recuperate the difference in the original investment.
These heaters are generally simple to maintain, and they offer hot water more rapidly than their tankless counterparts, saving you time and money.
Plumbers often bill between $45 and $65 per hour. In most circumstances, a plumber can complete the installation of a water heater in a single day (6-8 hours). You should anticipate to pay anything from $270 and $520 for this service. Water heaters that are difficult to access may require an additional 2 to 3 hours of installation time.
Type of Water Heater
Natural gas water heaters, propane water heaters, electric water heaters, and solar water heater systems are some of the most common types of water heater systems available on the market. Natural gas systems are well-known for being affordable ($500-$700 per system). For a natural gas water heater replacement in Alpharetta, you should budget between $400 and $550 dollars. Installing a new natural gas water heater system can cost you between $1,500 and $2,300 on average, depending on your location.
Although the average cost of installing an electric water heater is between $350 and $450, the initial cost might reach $500 if the installation is complicated due to structural issues. Installing a water heater from the ground up might cost upwards of $5,000.
Natural gas water heaters, propane water heaters, electric water heaters, and solar water heater systems are some of the most common types of water heater systems available on the market today. A natural gas system’s affordability (between $500 and $700) is well-established. Natural gas water heater replacement in Alpharetta is expected to cost between $400 and $550. You could expect to pay between $1,500 and $2,300 for the installation of a new natural gas water heater system. The installation of a propane water heater will cost you between $1,000 and $1,500 dollars.
In certain cases, a water heater that has been completely installed might cost up to $5,000.
Tankless or Demand-Type Water Heaters
Known as demand-type water heaters or instantaneous water heaters, tankless water heaters supply hot water only when it is required. They do not generate the standby energy losses typical with storage water heaters, which can result in significant savings in energy costs. You’ll learn the fundamentals of how they function, if a tankless water heater is a good choice for your house, and what factors to consider when choosing the best model for your needs. Take a look at theEnergy Saver 101: Water Heating infographic to determine whether a tankless water heater is the best option for you, and our AskEnergySaver conversation on water heating for additional information on energy-efficient water heating.
How They Work
Tankless water heaters provide fast heating of water without the need for a storage tank. When a hot water faucet is switched on, cold water is sent through a heat exchanger in the unit, where it is heated by either a natural gas burner or an electric element, depending on the device. Consequently, tankless water heaters are able to provide a continuous supply of hot water. The need to wait for a storage tank to fill up with adequate hot water is no longer an issue. The output of a tankless water heater, on the other hand, is limited in terms of flow rate.
Tankless water heaters that run on natural gas have higher flow rates than those that run on electricity.
For example, having a shower while also running the dishwasher at the same time might cause a tankless water heater to reach its maximum capacity quickly.
You may also install separate tankless water heaters for equipment in your house that need a lot of hot water, such as a clothes washer or dishwater.
Additional water heaters, on the other hand, will be more expensive and may not be worth the additional expense. Demand water heaters are also used in the following other situations:
- Bathrooms or hot tubs in a remote location
- Increases the efficiency of household appliances such as dishwashers and laundry washers. Thermoelectric booster for a solar water heating system
Advantages and Disadvantages
Bathrooms or hot tubs that are out of the way are available. Increases the efficiency of household appliances such as dishwashers and laundry dryers; Booster for a solar-powered water heating system
Selecting a Demand Water Heater
Before purchasing a demand water heater, you should take the following factors into consideration:
- Consider the following factors as well when purchasing a demand water heater:
Installation and Maintenance
It is possible to maximize the energy efficiency of your demand water heater with proper installation and maintenance. A variety of elements influence the success of an installation. These considerations include the type of fuel used, the environment, the needs of local construction codes, and safety concerns, particularly with regard to the combustion of gas-fired water heaters. As a result, it is recommended that you use a licensed plumbing and heating professional to install your demand water heater.
- Request written cost estimates, as well as contact information for references. Check with your local Better Business Bureau to see if the company is legitimate. Check to see if the firm will seek a local permit if one is required and if they are familiar with local building rules.
Inquire about written cost estimates; inquire about referrals. Check with the Better Business Bureau in your area to see whether the firm is legitimate. Confirm that they will get the relevant municipal permits and that they are familiar with the applicable construction codes.
Improving Energy Efficiency
Consider implementing some further energy-saving measures once your demand water heater has been properly built and maintained to help reduce your water heating rates. Some energy-saving gadgets and systems are more cost-effective to install in conjunction with a water heater than they are separately.
Water Heater Buyer’s Guide: Gas vs. Electric Water Heater
Water heaters aren’t the kinds of things that people pin to their boards on Pinterest. However, when your water heater fails, a new water heater soon becomes your most sought large item of the moment. We explain all you need to know before purchasing an electric or gas storage tank water heater, so you can make an informed decision about which choice is best for your house.
First Things First: Water Heater Cost, Types, and Storage
According to the Department of Energy, heating water is the second most expensive utility expenditure in our homes, accounting for 14 percent to 18 percent of our monthly utility bills. As a result, selecting the appropriate water heater is critical not just for your comfort, but also for keeping your energy expenditures under control. We’ll go through four different types in this section. They all work together to keep water warm in an insulated storage tank until it is needed. And all of them, with the exception of point-of-use systems, are whole-house systems:
- Standard, high-efficiency, solar, and point-of-use water heaters are available.
In case you didn’t know, a fifth type of water heater, tankless water heaters, warms cold water on demand just when you need it. In general, this makes them more energy efficient than ordinary tank types; nevertheless, they are more expensive to purchase and install. Furthermore, tankless devices are not always capable of meeting the hot water demands of high-demand households. The majority of tank water heaters are fuelled by either natural gas or electricity. It will be necessary to consider the sort of energy available in your property when determining the type of water heater you should buy.
Standard Storage Tank Water Heaters
Standard water heaters, by far the most common type of water heater, heat water by the use of a gas flame or an electric heating element. Gas water heaters are often less expensive to operate than electric water heaters, depending on your local utility bills. They also have a higher up-front cost than an electric vehicle. Gas heaters, on the other hand, save enough energy to make up for the difference in price in roughly a year depending on the savings.
Gas ranges from $300 to $600 per gallon; electric ranges from $250 to $500 per gallon. The cost of installation ranges from $700 to $2,000. Standard home tank water heaters include the following:
- They range in size from 20 to 80 gallons. (However, surprise! The most crucial thing to consider is not the gallon capacity. Rather, it is a measure of efficiency known as the first-hour rating that is used. (See below for further information about the first-hour rating.)
- They are less costly than other types of water heaters
- Have a lifetime ranging from eight to fifteen years on average
High-Efficiency Storage Tank Water Heaters
High-efficiency (HE) versions, as the name indicates, are the most energy-efficient storage tank water heaters available on the market today. There are both gas and electric variants available. Most gas-fired water heaters are labeled with an energy factor (EF) number, which is regulated by the United States Department of Energy to assist customers in comparing the efficiency of comparable products. The greater the efficiency factor (EF), the more efficient the appliance. The efficiency of standard gas water heaters ranges from.50 to.60.
- The EF of a high-efficiency water heater that is not Energy Star certified is approximately.62, whereas the EF of an Energy Star-qualified high-efficiency water heater is approximately.67 or higher. It is estimated that they consume 10 percent to 20 percent less energy than their conventional equivalents. This can result in yearly savings of up to $140 and savings of up to $2,900 throughout the tank’s useful life.
Costs range from around $620 to $1,500. Installation costs between $700 and $2,000, depending on where you live in the world. What if you’re looking for a high-efficiency electric vehicle? A heat pump water heater, often known as a hybrid water heater, is an alternative. They are the only electric water heaters that have been accredited by the Energy Star program. They are more costly than high-efficiency natural gas. They work by drawing heat from the surrounding air and transferring it to the water in the tank.
They are more expensive than regular electric heaters, but they may pay for themselves in less than two years by saving you money on energy costs.
Heat-pump water heaters are a type of electric water heater.
- Need a lot of room – around 1,000 cubic feet of open air area surrounding the unit is required. They also require a location in your house where the temperature is regularly between 40 degrees and 90 degrees so that they can pull in warm surrounding air. Have a lifetime ranging from eight to fifteen years on average
Costs range from $1,100 to $3,000. The cost of installation ranges from $1,400 to $2,000.
Solar Water Tank Heaters
Solar water heaters can reduce your water heating expenses by half when compared to a regular water heater – but only if you’re willing to spend a lot of money on them. They are made up of two fundamental components:
- A thermal collector that is installed on the roof or in the yard of your home
- To maintain a constant supply of hot water on foggy and chilly days, you need have a storage tank and an additional source of hot water – such as a gas or electric tank water heater
They function in one of two ways:
- Using direct systems, water is heated in tubes within the collector, and the water is then sent to a storage tank for later use. The fact that the water circulation system is located outside the residence means that direct solar water systems are not advised for locations where freezing temperatures are likely to occur. Closed or indirect systems circulate sun-heated antifreeze fluid from the collector to the water heater tank through a closed circulation loop to conserve energy. During its journey through the tank, the solar-heated fluid passes through coils and heats the surrounding water before returning to the collector.
Using direct systems, water is heated in tubes within the collector, and then sent to a storage tank for later use. Direct solar water systems are not advised in locations where freezing temperatures are probable due to the fact that the water circulation system is located outside the house. Sun-heated antifreeze fluid from the collector is circulated through a closed circulation loop to your water heater tank in a closed system. Within the tank, the solar-heated fluid circulates via coils, warming the water in the surrounding area before returning to the collector.
- Are ideally suited for moderate to hot areas due to the fact that energy savings might be decreased or eliminated on cold or overcast days
- Have a life expectancy of 20 years on average
- When the collector is close to the tank, it will work most efficiently.
Point-of-Use Water Heaters
These water heaters work in conjunction with your home’s whole-house water heater to provide hot water for a specific use, such as a kitchen faucet, as needed. By doing so, they limit the quantity of water wasted while waiting for the tap to become warm. If you have a basic understanding of plumbing, you can install a point-of-use water heater on your own. The majority of versions are electric and are available in a variety of gallon sizes, including 2.5, 6, 10, 15, 20, and 30 gallons. It is advised that you utilize the 20- and 30-gallon sizes for tiny, detached constructions and home extensions that do not require a whole-house water heater.
Although a point-of-use water heater can help you save money on water by reducing water waste, you’ll be adding another energy-guzzling equipment to your house, which will raise your utility bills. As a point of clarification, Energy Star does not certify point-of-use water heaters.
What’s More Important than Gallons? First-Hour Rating
Water heaters are frequently purchased by homeowners depending on their capacity. An 80-gallon water heater will normally provide enough hot water for the daily needs of a three- or four-person family, but not every heater with an 80-gallon tank produces the same quantity of hot water per hour. What you really need to know is how long a water heater will last in its first hour of operation (FHR). Using the FHR, you can determine how much hot water the machine will dependably supply in a specified length of time.
An 80-gallon water heater with a maximum annual flow rate of 30 gallons will not enough.
Alternatively, you might use thisFHR spreadsheet from the Department of Energy.
Features and Extras You Should Have
Brass valves: Tanks are equipped with a valve at the base that allows for simple emptying during normal inspection and maintenance (which you should do at least once per year). A sturdy brass valve will outlast a plastic valve by a long shot. Tank with a glass liner: A heavy-duty porcelain glass layer is installed within the water tank to protect it from the corrosive effects of water storage. Digital displays: They offer functionality by allowing customers to readily monitor water heating and customize the settings on their devices.
Warranties that last a long time: Warranties are available for three to twelve years.
They also contain a larger heating element, which helps to prevent mineral scale from accumulating at the bottom of the tank.
Related: How to Lower the Energy Consumption of Your Water Heater