How to Install an Electric Water Heater
Installing a new electric water heater can allow you to save both money and electricity. How to do it is demonstrated in our video and step-by-step instructions. Please keep in mind that product pricing, availability, and item numbers may differ from market to market.
Before You Begin
Examine your water heater to see whether it need replacement or if routine maintenance would suffice. There might be a problem with the heating element or another type of maintenance issue if you are not getting hot water. Before committing to a complete replacement, conduct a brief maintenance inspection. If you have water on the floor or on top of the unit (as opposed to water leaking from a supply line above the unit), you’ll most likely need to replace your water heater as soon as possible.
A excellent time to think about upgrading or reducing your electric water heater is when your family’s size has increased or decreased.
If you don’t feel at ease with anything,
The water pressure in your house is critical for all of the equipment that use water. A decrease in pressure reduces the stress placed on plumbing systems and helps to increase the lifespan of appliances and fixtures. Check the water pressure in your house by attaching a pressure gauge to an exterior spigot. The optimal PSI ranges from 50 to 60 PSI. if the water pressure in your house is more than 80 PSI, use the pressure-reducing valve located near the main water shut-off to decrease the pressure.
If you don’t already have a pressure-reducing valve in your house, a professional can install one for you.
Decide the type of expansion tank you’ll require. It is possible to reduce surplus pressure in the lines of a closed system using thermal expansion tanks. A 2-gallon expansion tank can be used with water heaters that hold up to 50 gallons of water. For water heaters that hold up to 100 gallons of water, a 5-gallon expansion tank should be used. For for size information, see the manufacturer’s instructions. In most cases, the expansion tank is connected to the cold-water supply pipe near or above the water heater.
They simply slot into the pipe without the need for soldering.
Soldering paste should be applied to both the pipe and the fittings before assembling.
When installing an electric water heater, it is necessary that the expansion tank pressure match the main tank pressure.
Removing the Old Water Heater
The following steps will walk you through the process of installing an electric water heater.
When transporting a water heater, employ a helper, an appliance dolly, or a hand truck to ensure that the device is not damaged.
Even with the temperature gauge set at 120 degrees, the risk of scalds remains a possibility. Children, the elderly, and individuals with delicate skin are particularly at risk of developing skin cancer. Consider adding thermostatic mixing valves to keep people safe from being hurt. Installed at the point of use faucet, fixture, or appliance, a thermostatic mixing valve regulates both the volume and temperature of water by connecting to both the hot and cold water supply lines at the same location.
How to Wire a Hot Water Heater
What if I told you that the average lifespan of an electric water heater is between 10-15 years? That implies that if you reside in your home for a decade, you will almost certainly have to replace it and connect the wiring to the new unit as well. Installing an electric water heater is not a difficult chore, and it is one that you will perform on a regular basis throughout your life, so why not learn how to do it yourself? You may learn how to wire a hot water heater without the assistance of a professional in this section.
Do not take any chances, and if you are unsure about what is necessary throughout this procedure, seek the assistance of a specialist.
Check visit this page for general electrical safety advice.
How to Wire an Electric Water Heater
Before you begin, you must determine whether or not electricity is already being supplied to the location of the water heater. If you are replacing a gas tank with an electric tank, you will most likely need to run wire (2-pole, 30-amp breaker with 10-2NM cable) from the circuit to the tank to complete the installation. If the circuit breaker has already ran a line to the position of the water heater, you can go to step 1. Otherwise, proceed to step 2. One more point to remember before we begin: do not fill the tank with water until the tank has been entirely wired, and do not switch on the circuit until the tank is completely filled with water.
Wiring a Hot Water Heater in 7 Steps
- Remove the cover from the junction box, which is most likely located on the top or side of the water heater. Most likely, you will only need to remove one screw in order to reveal two lead wires and a ground screw
- However, this is not guaranteed. Check the voltage- Never work on any electrical components without first ensuring that there is power to the device being repaired. If there is power present, the circuit is referred to be “live.” Please use caution! Performing wiring manipulation while the electricity is still running would not only violate the warranty, but it might also result in serious physical injury. For the sake of safety, it is recommended that you use a voltage meter to check for electricity flowing through the lead wires when unclear whether or not the circuit is live.
Thanks for Choosing the Plumbing Experts
We appreciate you taking the time to visit us at PlumbersStock.com. Contact us if you have any queries concerning the wiring of your water heater or if you need any assistance. Remember, we sell well-known brands such as Bradford White, Takagi, Stiebel Eltron, and others. Purchase replacement components and water heater accessories from a variety of sources. Resources that are related to this topic include: Installing a Gas Water HeaterInstalling an Electric Water HeaterHow to Install a Gas Water Heater Soldering Water Heater Pipes – Step by Step Instructions Installing a Water Heater Expansion Tank is a simple process.
Electric Water Heater Installation: Step-by-Step Guide
If you’re the DIY kind, installing an electric water heater isn’t quite as complicated as it may appear at first glance. However, before starting the project, you should keep in mind that you will be required to perform some basic plumbing and electrical tasks. Even if these kind of jobs make you feel uncomfortable, there are several trustworthy companies that you may hire to install your new water heater. Nevertheless, if you’re up to the task, you may save money by doing it yourself. Generally speaking, electric water heaters have a life span of 8 to 10 years before they need to be replaced.
Just because your water heater is leaking does not always imply that it is nearing the end of its useful lifespan. If you have a leak in your water heater, you should troubleshoot it first before purchasing a new one.
Preparing to Install an Electric Water Heater
Installing an electric water heater is not as difficult as you would imagine, especially if you are a do-it-yourself enthusiast. You should, however, keep in mind that you will be required to perform some basic plumbing and electrical work before you can start on the project. Even if these kind of jobs make you feel uncomfortable, there are several trustworthy companies that you may hire to install your new water heater for you. However, if you’re up to the task, you may save money by doing it yourself.
Because your water heater is leaking, it doesn’t always signify that it is nearing the end of its useful life span.
Tools and Supplies
Installing an electric water heater is far less difficult than installing a gas water heater, but it is still a significant undertaking. Our recommendation is to hire a professional to complete the installation if you are unfamiliar with electrical and plumbing. In addition, they will often dispose of your old water heater for you as part of the installation process. The following are step-by-step instructions for installing your electric water heater:
Disconnect the Electricity
Step 1: Locate the circuit breaker panel for your water heater and turn off the electricity there. Check the wiring of the water heater using a voltage tester to ensure that the device is turned off. Although it is not discussed in the video below, it is always a good idea to double-check that the water heater is not receiving any power after turning it off at the circuit breaker before doing any work on it. Start by turning on a hot water faucet and letting the water flow until it is cold. This step is not discussed in the video, but it is necessary to guarantee that you are able to drain the tank securely and without getting scalded by the water.
Connect the hose to the drain valve on the water heater.
Disconnect the Electrical
The next step is to disconnect the electrical cables from the water heater’s top. To begin, be certain that the circuit breaker in the breaker box has been switched off. Then, before you begin, verify the wires with a voltage tester to ensure they are in good working order. Cap the wires and name them (or take a picture of them) so that there is no confusion when you are connecting your new water heater in the future.
Disconnect the Plumbing
Removing the electrical cables from the water heater’s top is step three. Make certain that the circuit breaker in the breaker box has been turned off first. Next, use a voltage tester to make sure all of the wires are in good working order before you begin. To avoid any future misunderstanding while connecting your new water heater, cover the wires with electrical tape and identify (or photograph) them.
Remove the Old Water Heater
Step 3Disconnect the electrical cables that are connected to the water heater’s tank.
Make certain that the circuit breaker in the breaker box has been turned off first. Then, before you begin, use a voltage tester to examine the wires. Cap the wires and identify (or take a picture) of them so that there is no confusion when you are connecting your new water heater in the future.
Prepare the Plumbing Lines
The pipes will need to be prepared with a sandpaper cloth if your old water heater had copper plumbing and it was required to cut the pipes. Rub the ends of the pipes with the sandpaper cloth until they are gleaming brilliantly again. Find Local Plumbing Professionals
Connect the Electrical Wiring
In order to gain access to the electrical cables, remove the junction box cover in Step 7. Attach the ground wire to the green ground screw using a crimp connector. Wire connectors are used to join the other wires together by twisting them together. Make use of the prior wire connections as a reference and reconnect the wires in the same manner in which they were disconnected. Follow the directions on your label tags or the photo you took in Step 3. After that, reinstall the lid of the junction box.
Attach the Supply LinesTurn On the Water
Step 8: Connect the water supply lines for hot and cold water. Make certain that the cold water pipe is connected to the cold water intake on the water heater (it’s easy to make the error of connecting the cold to the hot water pipe). If your old water heater was plumbed with copper piping, you may want to consider plumbed it with copper piping once more. Flexible hoses, on the other hand, are highly recommended for making the connections. Not only is it more convenient, but it is also a suggested safety element in the event of an earthquake.
Connect the flexible hoses to the nipples on the water heater using the hose clamps.
When connecting flexible hoses to the hot and cold water pipes, we recommend that you use dielectric connections to prevent shock.
Attach the T P Discharge Pipe
Step 9Connect the discharge line to the T P valve and tighten it. The pipe’s end must be within 6 inches of the floor in order to function properly.
- Make use of a 3/4-inch male copper fitting. Paintpipe dope applied on the exterior of the fitting as well as the interior of the valve fittings. Tighten the fitting to the T P valve fitting once it has been attached. Remove the fitting from the pipe’s end and clean it
- Soldering flux should be painted on the inside of the male fitting and outside of the pipe. Fitting the pipe to the fitting is completed. To join the pipes, solder and a torch should be used.
Turn On the PowerBleed the Hot Water Lines
Step 10After your water heater tank has been completely filled with water, switch on the circuit breaker located at the main power panel. Attention must be taken when turning on the electricity before the tank has entirely filled since the electric components may dry up if they are not totally immersed. This might cause irreparable damage to your electric heating components. Remember to switch off the circuit breaker before inspecting the electrical connections on your water heater if your water heater isn’t getting electricity.
Bleed Hot Water Lines
When the water heater tank is completely filled with water, switch on the circuit breaker at the main power box. BE CAREFUL: If the electricity is turned on before the tank is entirely filled, the electric components may dry out and catch fire if they are not totally immersed. If this happens, your electric heating components might be ruined completely. Remember to switch off the circuit breaker before examining the electrical connections on your water heater if your water heater isn’t getting electricity.
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How To Install An Electric Water Heater
A water heater, particularly an electric kind, is a very basic piece of equipment. Unheated water enters the tank by one of its sides. Several electric resistance components that stretch from the edge of the tank into the middle of the water are responsible for heating the water in the tank. The water then leaves from the other side of the tank when the demand is there. Unfortunately, this ease of use does not extend to the process of installing the software. While not difficult, installing an electric water heater does include some plumbing and electrical work, which may be enough to deter some homeowners from taking on the project.
These are not nearly as demanding as the skills necessary for other frequent homeowner pastimes such as furniture restoration or successfully cultivating a healthy vegetable or flower garden.
Step 1: Build a Platform
Choose a handy location for the tank and install two or three concrete blocks on the floor to act as a foundation. Using these blocks, you may assist avoid damage from minor floods while also making access to the drain much simpler.
Step 2: Center the Tank
After that, slide the tank on top of the blocks, being care to keep the drain faucet toward the front of the tank. Using your hands, gently rock the tank back and forth to ensure that the blocks do not move. Reposition everything until the tank is steady if the blocks begin to shift or the tank begins to rock on top of the blocks.
Step 3: Soldering Basics
Soldering copper tubing and fittings is one of the most straightforward skills to learn in the construction industry. To complete this project, you’ll need only a propane or Mapp gas torch (we recommend the Mapp gas torch because it burns hotter and melts lead-free solder more effectively), a tubing cutter, several pads of steel wool and a wire brush to clean the ends of the fittings. You’ll also need some lead-free solder, which you can buy at any hardware store. All of these goods can be found at most local hardware stores and home improvement centers on a regular basis.
The first step is to cut a 6- to 8-inch piece of plywood.
Step 4: T P Valve
Temperature and pressure relief valves (also known as T P valves) serve as a safety measure by creating a channel for water to escape from a storage tank when the pressure inside the tank reaches an unsafe level for any cause. Ensure that the valve you choose is rated at the same capacity as your hot water heater. The product literature for each will provide detailed information on what is necessary. Our solution consisted simply in matching the ANSI (American National Standards Institute) ratings of both products.
Take 4 in. off of this dimension and cut a length of tubing to fit the difference. Remove the temperature and pressure relief valves once you have completed your measurements.
Step 5: Electrical Power
Temperature and pressure relief valves (also known as T P valves) serve as a safety measure by creating a channel for water to escape from a storage tank when the pressure within the tank reaches an unsafe level for any cause. If you’re buying a valve, be sure it has the same rating as your water heater. Detailed instructions are provided in the product documentation for both products. ANSI (American National Standards Institute) rating numbers of both were simply matched in our situation. Install the valve in the tank temporarily to get a feel for it before taking a measurement from its bottom to where it will be installed on the ground.
and cut a length of tubing to fit.
How to Install an Electric Water Heater: Step-by-Step Directions with Video
As an Amazon Associate, we receive a commission on qualifying purchases made via our links. Find out more. The installation of an electric water heater is a terrific do-it-yourself project. It isn’t quite as difficult as you may imagine. If you’re not scared to undertake some basic electrical and plumbing work, you may save a lot of money on your home improvement projects. A water heater has an average service life of between 8 and 12 years, depending on the model. If your water heater is approaching the end of its useful life, it may be time to consider a water heater replacement.
You can learn more about the top electric tankless water heaters available on the market today by reading our reviews.
How to Install an Electric Water Heater
Following your decision that purchasing another water heater is the best course of action, it is time to begin to work on having it installed. Keep in mind that when the repair is completed, you will have an old water heater to dispose of. The following is a list of the equipment and supplies you’ll need to complete a good installation of your electric water heater: Consult with a Professional Plumber in Your Area Get FREE Estimates Right Now!
Step 1: Remove the Old Water Heater
- Disconnecting the water heater’s electrical supply at the electrical panel is recommended. Utilize a voltage detector to inspect the electrical wiring of the water heater to ensure that no electricity is being sent to the device.
- Label the wires with tape to indicate the order in which they are joined. Disconnect the cords from the computer
- Pour hot water into a sink and leave it running until the water cools
- Immediately turn off the cold water supply to the water heater.
- Connect a garden hose to the drain valve to drain the water
- Activate the valve and let the tank to empty
- Let some fresh air in through the tank’s faucet.
- Removing the T P discharge line from the T P valve is the first step. Remove the discharge pipe and store it for later use.
- Disconnect the water supply lines
- Remove the old tank using a hand truck
- And replace the new tank.
Step 2: Install the New Water Heater
- Placing the new tank into a drain pan is recommended. The T P discharge pipe should be connected to the T P valve.
- Plumbing tape should be applied to the nipples of the hot and cold heat traps.
- Connect the flexible hoses to the hotcold heat trap nipples using the hose clamps. (If necessary, dielectric fittings should be used.)
- Plumbers tape should be applied to each end of the connection body threads.
- The connection body should be connected to the flexible hose at one end.
- The connection body should be attached to the flexible hose at one end.
- Compression nut is inserted into the pipe by sliding it on. Compress the pipe into the connection fitting and tighten the compression nut
- This will prevent the pipe from leaking. Install earthquake straps to protect your home.
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Step 3: Fill the Tank with Water
- Removing the aerator from the nearest faucet and turning on the hot water side will do this. Start by turning on the cold water supply to the water heater and inspecting it for leaks
- Fill the tank to the brim with water. A full tank of water is indicated by the running water from an open tap. Continue to leave the faucet open until the sputtering stops. Do not connect the electrical wire until the tank is entirely filled with water
- Otherwise, the tank will overflow. Remove the lid from the junction box and connect the green ground wire to the green ground screw on the junction box.
- Water should be poured into the tank completely. A full tank of water is shown by the running water from the open faucet
- And Continue to leave the faucet open until the sputtering has subsided. Do not connect the electrical wire until the tank is entirely filled with water
- Otherwise, the tank might overflow. Remove the lid from the junction box and connect the green ground wire to the green ground screw on the box.
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A new electric water heater is a reliable piece of equipment that will most likely not cause you any problems for the following few years after installation. There are a few things you should bear in mind before you completely disregard it from your to-do list. Following the installation of an electric water heater, there are three frequent issues that consumers have.
- Water leaks are nearly typically caused by a faulty water supply connection. Check all of your water connections to make sure they are all working properly. When you switch on the water heater, the higher element will “dry fire” and eventually burn out if your water heater tank isn’t totally filled when you turn it on. If this occurs to you, the elements are affordable and very simple to replace
- If this occurs to you, Power- There are a variety of difficulties that might cause a power problem. It is possible that there is an issue with the wiring in your house, or that the voltage is wrong
- But, it is also possible that it is as simple as switching the switch in your breaker box. The only exception is when it comes to electrical concerns, in which case it is always a good idea to consult a specialist.
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How to Install an Electric Water Heater (10 Steps & Done!)
Almost anyone with rudimentary electrical and plumbing connection abilities can learn how to install an electric water heater — and complete the job — in about a day.
Not bad for a profession that many people would find too intimidating to embark on in the first place. Here are the fundamentals of how to install an electric water heater for all of our do-it-yourself readers who enjoy a mild challenge.
How to Install an Electric Water Heater in 10 Steps
The three parts that follow cover all of the fundamentals of replacing and installing an electric water heater in its current location.
What You’ll Need
- Pipe wrenches, as well as adjustable wrenches (for unions and fittings), are also available. Garden hose (to drain the water)
- Level (in order to ensure that a horizontal plane is maintained)
- A screwdriver, a neon circuit tester, and other tools. For moving big water heaters, you’ll need a strong back and an equally strong companion.
In this position, you will be dealing with 240-volt circuits. And that’s a really terrible situation. We highly advise that you remove the fuse or switch off the circuit breaker before beginning. A 240-volt circuit has the capacity to kill you, albeit it is unlikely to do so in most cases. Don’t take any risks with your safety. Make sure your hands are dry and that you are wearing protective gloves and shoes with rubber soles.
- Turn off the water and electricity. To begin, make sure you turn off the water and electricity to your old electric water heater before proceeding with the rest of the process. Check to see whether there is any electricity. Remove the access panel that allows you to reach the thermostat on your present electric water heater. It’s normally found behind the lower panel of the cabinet. Clear the path by pushing away any insulation that is in your way and lifting (or removing) the protective plastic guard. Using your neon tester, check for the presence of a live current. To be certain that you have shut off the right electrical circuit (see step 1 above), you need double-check your work. Disconnect and label cables as needed. Remove the electrical cover plate, which can be found on the side or on the top of the device. Cut all of the wires and mark them with strips of tape so that you’ll know precisely where to join them when you get them back together.
Learn More About Water Heaters
Here are some excellent places for finding information and instructions on various types of water heaters:
- How to avoid a calamity caused by a leaky water heater
- Repairs to the most common types of water heaters
- What is the average lifespan of a water heater? Whether or whether you should put your water heater into vacation mode
- How to relight the pilot light on your water heater
- Tankless water heaters have both advantages and disadvantages. Whether you require a water heater booster or not, If your water heater is equipped with a water softener,
That’s all there is to it. The following ten stages will guide you through the process of replacing and installing an electric water heater in approximately one day. Perhaps less with the assistance of a strong-backed buddy who is familiar with the fundamentals of electrical and plumbing. Electric water heater installation is identical to gas water heater installation, with the distinction that you will be connecting gas lines and there will be no flue on an electric water heater.
Do not hesitate to contact us or call 1-Tom-Plumber if you want assistance with the repair, replacement, or installation of a water heater (1-866-758-6237). Whenever you have an emergency plumbing, drain cleaning and clearing, or water damage problem, we will react promptly and address it for you, including excavation of subterranean water pipes and sewage main lines.
How to install electric water heater
|✔Use brass pipe, elbow and nipple when connecting copper pipe to galvanized pipeSave cost of plumbing repairs Prevent electrolytic corrosion/ deterioration of galvanized pipes and clogsUse 6 wraps teflon tape on threadsBuy:Brass nipples at AmazonBrass elbows at Amazon|
|XXStainless pipe, elbow and nipples corrode in softened water Use 6 wraps teflon tape on threadsBuy:Stainless nipples at AmazonStainless elbows at Amazon|
|TP temperature pressure release valve||✔ TP overflow tube runs down to at least 6 inches of floor. TP VALVE CODEOverflow tube must be same diameter as valve discharge connection. Do not downsize pipe into smaller pipe. Overflow tube can have maximum 4 elbows and 30 feet length.End of overflow tube cannot be threaded.Tube cannot be lower than top edge of drip pan. Tube must terminate 6″ above open drain. TP valve can draw water back into water heater if overflow tube is under water.Do not cap off TP valve or obstruct overflow tubeOverflow tube cannot have shut off valve installed, or any obstructive valveTP valve is first line of safety for water heater.TP valve releases water when pressure or temperature is too high, and prevents possible water heater explosionBuy:TP valves:Replacement TP valves at AmazonTeflon tape at AmazonResources:How to replace TP valveTP valve code|
|✔ Fill tank with water Open bathtub tap on hot side. When water runs fuull stream, then water heater is fullIllustration shows gate valve and ball valveRotate valve counter-clockwise to turn water ON✔ Check for leaks/re-inspect periodicallyBuy:ball valve/ water3/4″ ball valve at AmazonBrass ball valveBuy:Ball valve/ gasGas ball valve|
|Tank must be full of waterTest elements||✔ Tank must be full of water -or- elements burn out Fill water heater tank before turning circuit breaker ON,.Turn water ON. Open bathtub spout. Wait for full stream of water. Turn bathtub OFF. Lift TP lever for moment to bleed last of air from tank. Tank is full of water. Turn circuit breaker ON.Resource:How to test element|
|Automatic shut off valve||✔ Prevent flood damage/ automatic shut off valveSavings undetermined/ save massive damage to home Shut off water automatically when leak is detectedValve ataches to water line. detector sits on floor. electric power does not rely on batteriesBuy:Water detectors at AmazonAutomatic water heater leak shut off at AmazonResource:Leaking water heater/ steps|
|✔Tank must be full of water BEFORE power is ON✔ Push breaker fully OFF and then fully ON If breaker is faulty, more wires to another same-size circuit breakerResources:Troubleshoot new electric water heaterWater heater is tripping breakerHow to replace circuit breakerChoose correct wire and breaker sizeFigure volts amps and watts for water heaterNew water heater making noise|
|Larger image||✔ Push reset button located on upper thermostat, If water heater does not make bubbly fizzing soundPut ear against tank and listen for bubbly fizzing sound✔ Expect 19 gallon hot water per hour of heating240 volt 4500 watt element heats|
|✔ Suggest: Wrap water heater with insulationSave $2-8 per month Do not cover TP valve or discharge tubeInsulation blanket can cover entire electric water heater, including electric wireLeave access for drain valveMarathon water heater manual says not to cover top of tankBuy:Water heater insulation blankets at AmazonResources:See illustrationDept of energy resource|
|✔Suggest: Insulate pipesSave 25 cents – 1 dollar per monthx 30 years = $90-180Insulate pipes at water heater and rest of houseWater pipes lose heat. When colder water enters tank, it must be heated more.Pipes on top of tank draw heat out of water heater. Tank runs more.Gas water heater: Insulation must stay away from top of heater and vent pipe.Electric water heater: Insulation can cover all pipes and top of water heaterBuy:Pipe insulation at Amazon|
7 Steps to Install Electric Water Heater
You may be facing high utility expenses as a result of your gas heater consumption. Do you believe that your electric water heater has reached the end of its useful life and that it is time to replace it? The demand for hot water is considerable in practically every home, with energy consumption for water heating estimated to account for 17 percent of total energy consumption. Electric water heater installation is not inexpensive, even though there are many house specialists and electricians available to help you with it.
In this article, we’ll teach you how to install an electric water heater in your house with only a few simple items you already have on hand.
How to Install Electric Water Heater
Your gas heater consumption is causing you to rack up high utility costs. You may be concerned that your electric water heater has reached the end of its useful life and that it should be replaced. There is a tremendous need for hot water in practically every home, with water heating accounting for 17 percent of total energy consumption. Electric water heater installation is not inexpensive, and there are many house specialists and electricians that can help you with the job. So it’s important to understand this DIY technique for installing electric water heaters.
This way, not only will you be able to save money, but you will also be able to improve your electrical repair abilities, which will allow you to tackle similar chores in the future.
Materials and Items Required
Before we get started, make sure you have all of the equipment and resources you’ll need to complete your project in a timely manner. The following are some of the tools you will require:
- Protective gloves, a voltage tester, a soldering iron, a pipe cutter, a screwdriver, a wrench, pipe dope, and hose
Step-by-step Guide on Electric Water Installation
If you are replacing an old electric water heater because of a malfunction or another, you must first remove the old unit. Using a circuit breaker device, disconnect the power supply for your electric water heater from the unit. After then, the tank will be drained. We’ve created a piece about how to empty a water heater, which you can find here. Drain the tank by turning off the valves and attaching a hose to the tank. To remove the remaining connecting components, use any of the available tools, such as a screwdriver, tubing cutter, or pipe wrench, as needed.
Step 2: Disconnect the electric wire
Removing the electrical cords from the upper portion of the electric heater is the first step. Check to make sure that the circuit breaker in the breaker box is turned off. Before starting, check the wires with a voltage tester to ensure they are in good condition. Capping off the wire and inserting a mark or labeling will help to avoid any mistake at a later time. Another option is to snap a photograph.
Step 3: Disengage the supply pipes
Cut the hot and cold water supply pipes to disconnect them from the rest of the system. This is especially important if the manufacturer utilized copper pipe to connect your water heater to the rest of the house. Cutting with a tubbing pipe or a cutter is the best option. Also, leave a sufficient section of the tube to allow for simple repair, and you may remove the discharge pipe that is attached to the T P Valve if necessary. To connect the cold water intake, you may also use a soldering iron to connect the copper pipes to the cold water supply.
Step 4: Reconnect the electrical wires
Open the junction box cover to get access to the electrical connections and connect the ground wire to the green ground screw on the back of the junction box cover. Connect the cables together by twisting them together with wire connectors. Take as a guide the previous wiring connections, and reconnect the wires in the same manner as they were before you started working on it. In addition, the junction box cover must be replaced.
Step 5: Install the supply lines
Make certain that the supply line is connected and that the water is turned on. Connect the hot and cold water supply lines at the same time. The cold water pipe should be connected to the cold water input for the water heater. In the event that your previous water was delivered by copper pipe, you can disregard the new water piping. In the event that you live in an earthquake zone, try installing seismic straps to keep the stud in place with a ratchet and socket.
Step 6: Attach the Pressure Discharge Pipe and Temperature
If a replacement T P relief valve is not already installed, it is recommended that you do so. It is not suggested to use a faulty valve. By automatically opening if there is an excessive amount of pressure or temperature, the T P valve helps to avoid costly repairs.
You should double-check the amount of time your electric water heater is in use. Afterwards, thoroughly clean the pipe end and the fitting before connecting it to the joint. To join the pipe, solder it together and use a torch to heat it.
Step 7: Switch on the circuit breaker
Turn on the circuit breaker located at the main power box if necessary. The following steps should be completed once your water heater has been filled with water. Warning: Turn off the electricity until the tank is completely filled. If the electric elements are not completely immersed, it is possible that they will dry fire. If you find that your water heater is not receiving electricity, turn off the circuit breaker before inspecting the electrical connections for problems. Allowing the hot water tap to run for a few minutes will help to get rid of any trapped air in the tank and piping.
Prevent the temperature from rising over 120 degrees Fahrenheit.
Because of the high pressure, the pipe may drip.
How an Electric Water Heater Works
When it comes to electric water heaters, the operating mechanism is of little significance to the typical homeowner as long as the device fulfills its basic function of providing hot water. However, you have nothing to lose by being familiar with the fundamentals of how your water heating system operates, as well as the many alternatives accessible in the event that it has to be replaced. The tank-type water heater is the most common form of water heater in modern households. A hybrid vehicle, on the other hand, is an excellent choice for someone looking for the most energy efficiency possible.
Application of Electricity in Water Heater
Electric water heaters are available in a variety of configurations, depending on whether or not a container is included, as well as how the heat is generated. They are as follows:
The Tank-Type Water Heater
Your home is most likely equipped with a tank-style water heater. It is the most common type of water heating system seen in modern homes today. Depending on the model, a tank-type water heater can be powered by gas or electricity. The latter, on the other hand, is significantly more expensive to operate, making an electric water heater an excellent alternative. A tank-type water heater is distinguished by the presence of an insulated storage tank that can contain both cold and hot water, depending on the needs of the household.
When compared to tankless water heaters, tank-type water heaters retain less water and use more energy to maintain the same temperature.
Tankless Water Heaters
Because of its capacity to sense when you demand hot water, calculate the amount of energy required, and create the precise amount of hot water you require at any given moment, tankless water heaters are considered to be cutting-edge technology. It is for this reason that it is sometimes referred to as an instant or on-demand water heater. Because it consumes less energy than a traditional tank water heater, whether you choose an electric tankless water heater or a propane tankless water heater, this heating system will save your family hundreds of dollars in a year.
The main disadvantage is that it is more expensive to set up when compared to the other options available.
Hybrid Water Heater
With its capacity to sense when you demand hot water, compute the amount of energy required, and provide the precise amount of hot water you require per time, the technology behind a tankless water heater is groundbreaking. This is why it is often referred to as an instantaneous or on-demand water heater in other instances. Because it consumes less energy than a traditional tank water heater, whether you choose an electric tankless water heater or a propane tankless water heater, this heating system will save your household hundreds of dollars every year.
Why Should You Consider Electric Water Heater?
You’re undoubtedly aware that an electric water heater isn’t the only type of water heater that can be used in your home. Some are powered by gas, with a propane tankless water heater serving as an excellent example. Although the electric water heater has several advantages, we have highlighted some of its disadvantages below. When compared to the other types of water heaters available on the market, an electric water heater is the most cheap alternative in terms of the initial investment required to purchase one.
- Installing a gas water heater will necessitate the installation of additional piping as well as the installation of an additional ventilation system, which will aid in the ventilation of the exhaust generated during the combustion process.
- Assuming that a typical residence is connected to the electric grid, it is possible to install an electric water heater.
- This may be really expensive.
- Despite the fact that an electric water heater has its own set of safety considerations, the likelihood of suffering any electrical safety issues is far smaller than the likelihood of experiencing a gas leak.
- In terms of the quantity of fuel or energy required to create hot water, it is a figure that assesses the efficiency of a hot water heater.
You should have gotten the hang of how to install an electric water heater by now. The procedures are easy, and you may put them into action with relative ease. What makes it even more intriguing is that it is something that anybody can perform as long as they have a basic understanding of plumbing and electrical installation. In addition, you must be able to adhere to the guidelines. It not only allows you to save more money as compared to utilizing gas, but it also helps to increase the overall efficiency of your water heater.
However, if you become disoriented at any moment, we encourage you to contact us using the comment area below. And don’t forget to forward this information along to your friends and family who may be interested.
DIY Water Heater Installation
Time A busy day of work Complexity IntermediateCost$101–250
When your water heater begins to leak, you must act quickly to have it repaired or replaced. We’ll teach you how to set up your own natural gas water heater in less than a day’s time. Even if you do not require a new water heater at this time, it is likely that you will require one within the next few years. Water heaters typically have a lifespan of seven to fifteen years. If yours is beginning to show signs of wear, this post is also for you. If you’re familiar with basic equipment and have a little expertise soldering copper, replacing a water heater shouldn’t be too tough.
- Water and gas piping
- Discharge pipe
- Pipe thread compound
- Pressure relief valve
- Solder. Ventilation pipe and connections
- Pressure relief valve.
Getting Started Installing Your New Hot Water Tank
In this example, we’re swapping out a natural gas water heater for an electric water heater. The processes for replacing a propane water heater are identical to those for replacing an electric water heater, and the steps for replacing both are comparable. In any event, when it comes to arranging a water heater replacement, it’s best to be cautious. Call your local department of inspections and inquire as to whether or not you require a permit. Also, be certain that your work is checked by a plumbing or electrical inspector.
Plumbers normally charge between $45 and $65 per hour and can complete the installation of a water heater in a day or as little as 6-8 hours.
Gas water heaters with particular venting systems, which are more costly, are also available.
Water Heater Parts and Breakdown
- Fire pipe, cold water shutoff valve, draft diverter, temperature and pressure relief valve, overflow pipe, hot water outlet, anticorrosion anode rod, dip tube, elements, insulation, drain valve, thermostat or control valve, burner, thermocouple, gas supply valve, and more.
When to get a new water heater
When the tank of your water heater leaks, your water heater is out of commission. An indication that your water heater needs to be replaced is a gradual drop beneath the unit, which commonly manifests itself as a trail of discolored water. This indicates that the steel tank has corroded through and will be unable to be repaired. Other symptoms, such as little or no hot water, are typically indicative of other water heater repair issues that may be resolved by you. If you notice a drop, make a plan to get the water heater replaced as soon as possible.
New water heaters are sent with detailed installation instructions as well as several cautions to ensure that the gas, electrical, and other connections are handled properly.
But keep in mind that you’ll be dealing with
Figure A: Gas Water Heater Details
Mr. Fix-It-Up-For-The-Family See the Additional Information section at the end of this article for instructions on how to print this image.
Figure B: Connections for Steel and Plastic Pipe
Mr. Fix-It-Up-For-Us. The Additional Information at the conclusion of this article provides instructions on how to print this image.
Project step-by-step (12)
Turn off the gas to the water heater by twisting the shutdown valve a quarter turn away from the water heater.
When the handle is turned off, it should be at a straight angle to the pipe. Also, turn off the main water supply and drain the pipes by opening a tap on the lowest floor of the building. Step No. 2
Drain the water in the tank
Connect a garden hose to the drain valve and use it to drain the water that has accumulated in the tank. The water will be boiling hot, so proceed with caution! With a pair of wrenches, disconnect the gas line at the neighboring union and remove the pipe from the gas control valve with a pipe wrench to complete the task.
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Cut off the water lines
The vent pipe should be moved to the side once it has been unscrewed from the vent hood. After that, using a tube cutter, cut the hot and cold water lines. For galvanized pipe, remove the unions and, if you have them, remove the nuts on the flexible connections as well. Move the old water heater to the side of the room. Step number four.
Attach the relief valve
Teflon tape should be used to seal the threads of the new temperature and pressure relief valve (three turns). With a pipe wrench, tighten it inside the tank until it is completely sealed. Glue a copper discharge pipe to the wall (see Fig. A for routing details). Step number five.
Attach pipe assemblies
Solder fresh copper adapters to 6-in. lengths of 3/4-in. copper pipe and screw the assemblies into the hot water outlet and cold water inlet ports on the top of the tank’s tank’s tank’s tank. Make use of short, plastic-lined nipples to protect your pipes from galvanic corrosion, especially if you have hard water or if they are required by your local building standards. Step 6: Organize your thoughts and feelings about the situation.
Attach the water lines
Slide the new water heater into position, recut or lengthen the old tubing to connect it to the new, and solder the tubing together using copper slip couplings to complete the installation. If the tubing does not line up properly, use pairs of 45-degree elbows to adjust the alignment of the lines. Step 7 – Organize your time and resources.
Reattach the vent
Reconnect the vent if necessary. Place it securely over the draft hood and secure it with three 3/8-in. No. 6 sheet metal screws to hold it in place. Prepare the holes by drilling them beforehand. Before turning at the first elbow, the vent should rise at least 12 inches vertically from the floor. In this eighth step, you will learn how to use a comma to separate the words “and” and “and not.”
Use two wrenches to attach the gas line
Reconnect the gas line if necessary. Pipe joint compound should be applied to the threaded ends before screwing the first nipple into the gas valve. To minimize straining the valve, use two pipe wrenches at the same time. Reassemble the remaining nipples, concluding with the union at the end of the process (Photo 2). Then, in order to fill the tank, perform these four steps: To check for leaks, perform the following steps: (1) cut off the main water valve; (2) re-connect the water at the main shutoff; (3) open the cold-water valve on the water heater (but do not close it); and (4) turn on a nearby hot-water faucet until water flows out.
Check for backdrafting
The majority of water heaters rely on a natural airflow to carry combustion emissions up the chimney and out of the building. If the draft does not operate, the fumes, which may contain lethal carbon monoxide, will be released into your home and cause you to become sick. Check the draft when you’ve finished installing everything. Close all of your external doors and windows, and put on the exhaust fans in your kitchen and bathroom. Continue to run a hot water faucet until you hear the gas burner in your water heater come to life.
Ideally, the smoke should be drawn upward through the vent pipe. If the smoke does not draw, this indicates that the burner’s fumes are not escaping. Turn off the gas to the water heater and call a professional for assistance.
Check for leaks
When it comes to drawing combustion gases up the chimney, the vast majority of water heaters rely on natural airflow. The gases, which may contain lethal carbon monoxide, will stream out into your home if the draft isn’t working correctly. Check the draft when you’ve finished with your setup. Make sure all outside doors and windows are closed, as well as the exhaust fans in your kitchen and bathroom. Continue to run a hot water faucet until you hear the gas burner in your water heater come on.
The smoke should be pulled upwards through the vent pipe to be expelled.
Call an electrician to come and fix the water heater.
Light the pilot light
The pilot light should be turned on in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. (When using an electric water heater, turn on the electricity at the main panel after your work has been checked by the electrical inspector). Once you’ve finished, adjust the temperature to 120 degrees Fahrenheit according to the installation instructions. The pilot light in the new water heater should be lit, then the temperature setting should be adjusted.
Installation Details for Electric Water Heaters
At your main electrical panel, turn off all power to your water heater, then turn it back on. After that, empty the water heater in the same manner as you would a gas water heater. As soon as the water heater has been drained, separate the electrical wires from the screw terminals under the access panel, which is normally situated towards the top of the water heater. To handle all of the electrical wiring, you should engage an electrician if you don’t have any prior knowledge with it. When it comes to wiring the new water heater, follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
How to Dispose of a Water Heater
In this video lesson, Jeff Gorton, an editor at The Family Handyman, will show you how to remove and dispose of a water heater in the proper manner. He will also demonstrate a simple method of transporting a water heater out of your home, even if you are working on your own.
These tips will make your work go faster and easier:
- To avoid modifying the length of your water, gas, or electrical lines, take note of the height of your existing water heater and get a new one that is the same height
- On older water heaters, the drain valve (Photo 2) frequently becomes clogged. Please be patient if the water drains slowly. WARNING: The temperature is really high! TIP: Turn off your water heater two hours before you want to use it to enable the water to cool. Water heaters are around 150 pounds in weight. When you’re moving the old one out and wheeling the new one in, you’ll need a strong partner or a dolly to assist you. Ordinarily, garbage collection agencies charge approximately $25 to remove the old one. Before you begin, purchase the equipment and materials listed below from a plumbing supply or hardware shop, or from a home improvement center.
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