How to Install an Electric Water Heater
Installing a new electric water heater can allow you to save both money and electricity. How to do it is demonstrated in our video and step-by-step instructions. Please keep in mind that product pricing, availability, and item numbers may differ from market to market.
Before You Begin
Determine if you require a new water heater or if routine maintenance would sufficient in your situation.There might be a problem with the heating element or another type of maintenance issue if you are not getting hot water.Before committing to a complete replacement, conduct a brief maintenance inspection.
Unless you have water leaking from a supply line above the water heater, you’ll most likely need to replace your water heater if there is water on the floor or on top of the unit.The data plate on your existing tank contains information on the tank’s size and energy use, which makes it simpler to choose a comparable unit.A excellent time to think about upgrading or reducing your electric water heater is when your family’s size has increased or decreased.
Check your local construction codes before you begin to ensure that you are in compliance.If you’re not confident in your ability to complete water heater installation, hire a professional.Caution The water pressure in your house is critical for all of the equipment that use water.A decrease in pressure reduces the stress placed on plumbing systems and helps to increase the lifespan of appliances and fixtures.
The water pressure in your house is critical for all of the equipment that use water.A decrease in pressure reduces the stress placed on plumbing systems and helps to increase the lifespan of appliances and fixtures.Check the water pressure in your house using a pressure gauge attached to an exterior spigot.
The optimal PSI ranges from 50 to 60 PSI.if the water pressure in your house is more than 80 PSI, use the pressure-reducing valve located near the main water shut-off to decrease the pressure.For pressure monitoring, you might want to think about using an inline pressure gauge.
If you don’t already have a pressure-reducing valve in your house, a professional can install one for you.
Determine the size of the expansion tank you’ll require.It is possible to reduce surplus pressure in the lines of a closed system using thermal expansion tanks.A 2-gallon expansion tank can be used with water heaters that hold up to 50 gallons of water.
For water heaters that hold up to 100 gallons of water, a 5-gallon expansion tank should be used.For for size information, see the manufacturer’s instructions.In most cases, the expansion tank is connected to the cold-water supply pipe near or above the water heater.
Push-fit fittings can be used to attach an expansion tank to a wall.They simply slot into the pipe without the need for soldering.If you elect to utilize solder fittings, make sure you deburr and clean the pipe and fittings first.Soldering paste should be applied to both the pipe and the fittings before assembling.After heating the fitting, solder the connection together.
In order for an electric water heater installation to be functional, the pressure in the expansion tank must equal the pressure in the main water supply.To boost pressure, use a hand air pump, and to decrease pressure, depress the valve.
Removing the Old Water Heater
Installing the New Water Heater
The following steps will walk you through the process of installing an electric water heater. When transporting a water heater, employ a helper, an appliance dolly, or a hand truck to ensure that the device is not damaged.
Even with the temperature gauge set at 120 degrees, the risk of scalds remains a possibility.Children, the elderly, and individuals with delicate skin are particularly at risk of developing skin cancer.Consider adding thermostatic mixing valves to keep people safe from being hurt.
Installed at the point of use faucet, fixture, or appliance, a thermostatic mixing valve regulates both the volume and temperature of water by connecting to both the hot and cold water supply lines at the same location.The settings may be changed within the valve itself to offer the most comfortable experience possible.
When your water heater begins to leak, you have to install a new one fast.
Time: a whole day Complicatedness: Intermediate Costs range from $101 to $250.
When your water heater begins to leak, you must act quickly to have it repaired or replaced.We’ll teach you how to set up your own natural gas water heater in less than a day’s time.Even if you do not require a new water heater at this time, it is likely that you will require one within the next few years.
Water heaters typically have a lifespan of seven to fifteen years.If yours is beginning to show signs of wear, this post is also for you.If you’re familiar with basic equipment and have a little expertise soldering copper, replacing a water heater shouldn’t be too tough.
- Water and gas piping
- Discharge pipe
- Pipe thread compound
- Pressure relief valve
- Solder. Ventilation pipe and connections
- Pressure relief valve.
Getting Started Installing Your New Hot Water Tank
In this example, we’re swapping out a natural gas water heater for an electric water heater.The processes for replacing a propane water heater are identical to those for replacing an electric water heater, and the steps for replacing both are comparable.In any event, when it comes to arranging a water heater replacement, it’s best to be cautious.
Call your local department of inspections and inquire as to whether or not you require a permit.Also, be certain that your work is checked by a plumbing or electrical inspector.Installation and labor costs are included.
Plumbers normally charge between $45 and $65 per hour and can complete the installation of a water heater in a day or as little as 6-8 hours.Most household water heaters range in price from $150 to $400, depending on whether they are gas or electric, with an additional $200 to $450 if you hire a plumber to install it.Gas water heaters with particular venting systems are also available, although they are more costly.However, because they are more difficult to install, we will not be covering them in this article.
Water Heater Parts and Breakdown
- Fire pipe, cold water shutoff valve, draft diverter, temperature and pressure relief valve, overflow pipe, hot water outlet, anticorrosion anode rod, dip tube, elements, insulation, drain valve, thermostat or control valve, burner, thermocouple, gas supply valve, and more.
When to get a new water heater
When the tank of your water heater leaks, your water heater is out of commission.An indication that your water heater needs to be replaced is a gradual drop beneath the unit, which commonly manifests itself as a trail of discolored water.This indicates that the steel tank has corroded through and will be unable to be repaired.
Other signs and symptoms, such as little or no hot water, are typically indicative of other water heater repair issues that you may resolve on your own.If you notice a drop, make a plan to get the water heater replaced as soon as possible.Don’t wait until the leak becomes too awful.
New water heaters are sent with detailed installation instructions as well as several cautions to ensure that the gas, electrical, and other connections are handled properly.The strategies and ″real world″ recommendations from various expert plumbers will be included in this article to round out the foundational knowledge.However, you should be aware that you will be dealing with natural gas, propane, or electricity, all of which are potentially harmful.If you don’t feel confident, get a professional to take care of the difficult elements of the job.And, after you’re finished, get your work examined.
Plumbing codes differ from one location to the next.You should explain to your local plumbing inspector how you want to install your new connections, including the sorts of materials you intend to use.Instead of making changes afterwards, it is preferable to seek advice early.
Figure A: Gas Water Heater Details
Mr. Fix-It-Up-For-The-Family See the Additional Information section at the end of this article for instructions on how to print this image.
Figure B: Connections for Steel and Plastic Pipe
Mr.Fix-It-Up-For-The-Family Water supply pipes in many residences are made of galvanized steel or polyvinyl chloride (CPVC).Replaceable galvanized steel pipes are quite difficult to come by.
Using our photo series, we propose that you return the pipes to their original tees and screw on a plastic-lined galvanized nipple before finishing the connections with copper.Plastic tubing should be kept at least 6 inches away from the vent and tank due to the possibility of heat accumulation.Using a specific connection, you may make the transition from plastic to copper.
These couplings are accessible everywhere CPVC is marketed.Flexible copper connectors are less difficult to install than solid copper connectors, which is especially important when the existing pipes and tank inlets do not match up.However, they are not permitted by all local ordinances.If yours does, take extra care not to pinch or kink them when handling them.It’s possible that you’ll receive a leak.
Project step-by-step (12)
Shut off the gas and water
Turn off the gas to the water heater by twisting the shutdown valve a quarter turn away from the water heater. When the handle is turned off, it should be at a straight angle to the pipe. Also, turn off the main water supply and drain the pipes by opening a tap on the lowest floor of the building. Step No. 2
Drain the water in the tank
Connect a garden hose to the drain valve and use it to drain the water that has accumulated in the tank. The water will be boiling hot, so proceed with caution! With a pair of wrenches, disconnect the gas line at the neighboring union and remove the pipe from the gas control valve with a pipe wrench to complete the task.
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Cut off the water lines
The vent pipe should be moved to the side once it has been unscrewed from the vent hood. After that, using a tube cutter, cut the hot and cold water lines. For galvanized pipe, remove the unions and, if you have them, remove the nuts on the flexible connections as well. Move the old water heater to the side of the room. Step number four.
Attach the relief valve
Teflon tape should be used to seal the threads of the new temperature and pressure relief valve (three turns). With a pipe wrench, tighten it inside the tank until it is completely sealed. Glue a copper discharge pipe to the wall (see Fig. A for routing details). Step number five.
Attach pipe assemblies
Solder fresh copper adapters to 6-in.lengths of 3/4-in.copper pipe and screw the assemblies into the hot water outlet and cold water inlet ports on the top of the tank’s tank’s tank’s tank.
Make use of short, plastic-lined nipples to protect your pipes from galvanic corrosion, especially if you have hard water or if they are required by your local building standards.Step 6: Organize your thoughts and feelings about the situation.
Attach the water lines
Slide the new water heater into position, recut or lengthen the old tubing to connect it to the new, and solder the tubing together using copper slip couplings to complete the installation. If the tubing does not line up properly, use pairs of 45-degree elbows to adjust the alignment of the lines. Step 7 – Organize your time and resources.
Reattach the vent
Reconnect the vent if necessary.Place it securely over the draft hood and secure it with three 3/8-in.No.
6 sheet metal screws to hold it in place.Prepare the holes by drilling them beforehand.Before turning at the first elbow, the vent should rise at least 12 inches vertically from the floor.
In this eighth step, you will learn how to use a comma to separate the words ″and″ and ″and not.″
Use two wrenches to attach the gas line
Reconnect the gas line if necessary.Pipe joint compound should be applied to the threaded ends before screwing the first nipple into the gas valve.To minimize straining the valve, use two pipe wrenches at the same time.
Reassemble the remaining nipples, concluding with the union at the end of the process (Photo 2).Then, in order to fill the tank, perform these four steps: To check for leaks, perform the following steps: (1) cut off the main water valve; (2) re-connect the water at the main shutoff; (3) open the cold-water valve on the water heater (but do not close it); and (4) turn on a nearby hot-water faucet until water flows out.9th step:
Check for backdrafting
The majority of water heaters rely on a natural airflow to carry combustion emissions up the chimney and out of the building.If the draft does not operate, the fumes, which may contain lethal carbon monoxide, will be released into your home and cause you to become sick.Check the draft when you’ve finished installing everything.
Close all of your external doors and windows, and put on the exhaust fans in your kitchen and bathroom.Continue to run a hot water faucet until you hear the gas burner in your water heater come to life.Moving the match around the edge of the draft hood (Photo 7) on top of the heater after one minute will help to keep the draft from coming in.
Ideally, the smoke should be drawn upward through the vent pipe.If the smoke does not draw, this indicates that the burner’s fumes are not escaping.Turn off the gas supply to the water heater and contact a certified plumber to diagnose and remedy the problem.Step number ten.
Check for leaks
Look for bubbles at connections
Check for leaks by turning on the gas and squeezing a 50-50 combination of dishwashing liquid and water over the connection points.If there are bubbles in the mixture, you have a leak.Joints that are leaking should be tightened or reconnected.
When you’re finished, wipe the joints down with a clean cloth.Make an appointment with the plumbing inspector to have them go at your work.Follow the how-to instructions that are included with the photographs to ensure that the connections are secure.
Step 11: Organize your information.
Light the pilot light
Use a lighter to light the pilot light
The pilot light should be turned on in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.(When using an electric water heater, turn on the electricity at the main panel after your work has been checked by the electrical inspector).Once you’ve finished, adjust the temperature to 120 degrees Fahrenheit according to the installation instructions.
The pilot light in the new water heater should be lit, then the temperature setting should be adjusted.
Installation Details for Electric Water Heaters
At your main electrical panel, turn off all power to your water heater, then turn it back on.After that, empty the water heater in the same manner as you would a gas water heater.As soon as the water heater has been drained, separate the electrical wires from the screw terminals under the access panel, which is normally situated towards the top of the water heater.
To handle all of the electrical wiring, you should engage an electrician if you don’t have any prior knowledge with it.When it comes to wiring the new water heater, follow the manufacturer’s instructions.Install a 4-in.
x 4-in.x 1-1/2-in.metal electrical box on the wall or ceiling near the water heater, route the old wires to the box, and then run a new length of armored cable or electrical conduit to the water heater to complete the installation.Consult with the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure that the rating of the existing fuse or circuit breaker is sufficient to handle the new water heater.The circuit should also have a shutdown switch that is visible from the vicinity of the water heater.
Before you begin the job, make a phone call to your local electrical inspector.You’ll almost certainly require a permit.Afterwards, after you’re completed, have the electrical inspector come in and go over your work again.Aluminum wire needs specific care and handling.If you have aluminum wire, you should choose a qualified professional who is experienced in working with it.
This wiring is a dull gray color, rather than the drab orange color that is characteristic of copper wiring.’Step 12′ is the final step in the process.
How to Dispose of a Water Heater
In this video lesson, Jeff Gorton, an editor at The Family Handyman, will show you how to remove and dispose of a water heater in the proper manner. He will also demonstrate a simple method of transporting a water heater out of your home, even if you are working on your own.
These tips will make your work go faster and easier:
- To avoid modifying the length of your water, gas, or electrical lines, take note of the height of your existing water heater and get a new one that is the same height
- On older water heaters, the drain valve (Photo 2) frequently becomes clogged. Please be patient if the water drains slowly. WARNING: The temperature is really high! TIP: Turn off your water heater two hours before you want to use it to enable the water to cool.
- Water heaters are around 150 pounds in weight. When you’re moving the old one out and wheeling the new one in, you’ll need a strong partner or a dolly to assist you. Garbage collection services normally charge approximately $25 to remove the old one
- before you begin, get the equipment and materials listed here from a plumbing supply or hardware store, or from a home center or building supply store. Check the sizes of the water supply pipes (the majority will be 3/4 in., as shown in our photographs) and purchase the fittings that are the proper size. If you have everything you need, you should be able to complete the work in four to six hours (provided there are no major problems!).
- This safety mechanism, which controls tank pressure and prevents it from bursting, is located in the tank’s pressure relief valve assembly (Photo 4). Every installation must be accompanied by a whole new copy. The discharge pipe must be kept clear of impediments in order for the valve to function correctly (see Fig. A).
- Use 3/4-in. plastic-lined nipples (about $2 each
- Photo 5 and Fig. A) to attach other metals, mainly copper tubing to the steel tank, in areas where the water is highly mineralized or where it is needed by municipal laws. This has the effect of slowing rusting.
- In order to avoid heating the tank itself during soldering, solder the copper fittings before screwing them to the tank (Photo 5)
- slip couplings should be used to link the existing and new water lines (Photo 6). (Photo 6). They do not have an internal stop, in contrast to normal couplings. Alternatively, you may slip them on, align the copper tubing, then slide them back and center them over the junction
- however, the new inlets and outlets on the tank don’t always line up with the old supply lines, and vice versa. If required, solder in a pair of 45-degree fittings to ensure that each line is offset. While you’re doing it, you should also replace the old cutoff valve with a new ball valve (Photo 6). The diameter of the vents is determined by the amount of heat produced by the water heater. In order to achieve the ideal draft, you may need to raise or reduce the ventilation size. Caution: If you are unclear whether or not your chimney has a liner, consult with your local plumber.
- Connections to natural gas should be made using strong steel pipe (Photo 8) or soft copper pipe with flare fittings (Fig. A). Both are more dependable and less expensive than flexible stainless steel connections, which are not usually allowed in some applications. For the same reasons, rigid copper water supply lines should be used rather than flexible copper water supply lines
- if your water heater replacement is located in a location where leaking might cause damage to the floor or other elements of the home, lay a pan of an appropriate size beneath it (metal for gas water heaters). a drain tube that connects to a home drain or another suitable site must be installed in the pan (outdoors where permitted). If a leak might cause damage to the flooring, the discharge tube for the temperature and pressure relief valves must also connect to a drain. If routing is a problem, consult with your local plumbing inspector about possible solutions.
- Special straps should be used to secure your water heater to the wall if you reside in an earthquake-prone location (Fig. A
- available at plumbing stores and home centers). If they are necessary, your plumbing inspector will inform you of this.
- Ensure that the new water temperature setting does not exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit to avoid scorching
- Figure A: Gas water heater details
Water Heater Maintenance: How to Extend the Life of Your Hot Water Heater How to Repair a Leaking Water Heater Water Heater Installation Instructions on how to replace the TPR valve on a water heater Solar Water Heater Made at Home How to Repair or Replace Water Heater Dip Tubes That Are Defective How to Flush a Water Heater (with Pictures) The Process of Purchasing a New Water Heater 7 Myths About Tankless Water Heaters That You Should Never Believe The Advantages and Disadvantages of Tankless Water Heaters
Adjust Electric Water Heater Temperature (Step-by-Step Instructions)
19th of January, 2009 | by Kim (email) | No Comments Because I just had to do this for our adoption house inspection, I thought I’d offer a step-by-step guide for anybody else who might be interested in changing the temperature of their hot water.
Why Adjust Hot Water Temperature?
You may save money on your power bill each month by dialing down the thermostat on your water heater if you are willing to take shorter (or colder) showers.A lower hot water temperature, according to the Environmental Engineering Research Institute, lowers mineral buildup and prevents corrosion of your hot water pipes.That, however, was not the reason for our actions.
In order to pass an adoption inspection, we just wanted to ensure that our faucet readings were well below the 120-degree upper limit.It is important to note that increasing the temperature of your water heater is harmful and can result in scorching.If your dishwasher or washing machine does not have an inbuilt heater, lowering the temperature too far may impair the cleaning power of the machine.
For the majority of circumstances, a temperature between 120F and 125F is ideal.The following are general guidelines on how to adjust the thermostat on an electric water heater (there are two, one at the bottom and one at the top).Instructions for your specific model of water heater may be found in the owner’s handbook that came with your water heater.
Steps to Set Water Heater Temperature
THE ESSENTIAL TOOLS: A phillips-head screwdriver and a flat-head screwdriver are required.STEP 1: TURN OFF THE Electricity – Before you do anything, turn off the power to your water heater by flipping the breaker or pulling the fuse.This will prevent you from electrocuting yourself.
STEP 2: TURN ON THE WATER HEATER – STEP 2: DISCOVER THE LOCATION OF THE TWO THERMOSTAT COVERS — one at the top of the water heater and the other towards the base.(The two gray doors in our illustration are examples of this.) The phillips-head screwdriver is used for this step.STEP 3: REMOVE THE COVERS Because the screws are small and easily misplaced, keep them in a secure location.TO COMPLETE STEP 4, REMOVE THE INSULATION FROM BEHIND EACH COVER DOOR IN ORDER TO DISCOVER THE THERMOSTAT.STEP 5: DETERMINE THE CURRENT TEMPERATURE – This is the final step.
The white triangle on the revolving dial indicates a location in the middle of two temperature settings that are indicated.STEP 6: Using the flat-head screwdriver, adjust the temperature dial to the optimal setting for you.STEP 7: REPEAT THE PROCESS ON THE SECOND THERMOSTAT.IN STEP 8, THE INSULATION IS REPLACED.COVERS FOR BOTH THERMOSTATS SHOULD BE REPLACED IN STEP 9.FOLD THE BREAKER TO RESTORE POWER TO THE WATER HEATER IN STEP 10.
- What are your thoughts?
- In what temperature has your water heater been programmed to operate?
- Have you made any modifications in order to save money?
Replacing a Heating Element in an Electric Water Heater
Electric water heaters, in contrast to gas water heaters, which heat the water via the use of gas burners, heat the water through the use of a pair of upper and lower metal heating elements.The heating elements of a water heater operate in a manner similar to that of oven heating elements, in that they heat up when electrical current runs through them.Using a separate thermostat, each of the heating components may be regulated independently.
Before You Begin
Despite the fact that replacing a broken heating element on an electric water heater is not very difficult, it is categorized as an advanced job since it takes both mechanical competence and a thorough understanding of electrical wiring concerns. Specifically, it entails three main project stages:
- Putting the heating element through its paces
- removing the old heating element
- A new heating element is being installed:
Because of the electrical expertise necessary for this job, it is recommended that an electrician complete this work.It’s possible that you’ll be dealing with high voltage, so if you’re not comfortable with electrical work, you should consult with an expert to reduce the danger of damage.Heating components are not especially expensive, therefore it is possible that you will wish to replace both of them even if only one of them has been found to be defective.
If one heating element fails, it is conceivable that the other will fail shortly after, and replacing both heating elements at the same time can help to avoid a second repair in the near future.Some manufacturers offer heating elements as part of repair kits that contain both the heating elements and the thermostats, while others sell heating elements separately.
- New heating element (as needed)
How to Test a Heating Element
To test the heating element of an electric water heater, you will need to be familiar with the operation of a multimeter.
Turn off the Power
Turn off the power to the electric water heater at the main power panel by removing the fuse that controls the power to the water heater’s circuit or by turning off the circuit breaker that controls power to the water heater’s circuit.Wait for the water in the tank to calm down, which might take up to two hours or longer.Important because the heating elements are regulated by thermostats, and hot water in the tank will alter the electrical flow to the heating components, making this a critical consideration.
Open a hot water faucet and flow the water to make sure it is cold before continuing.
Expose the Heating Element
Remove the access cover panel and the insulation protecting the heating element terminal block from the heating element terminal block.When you fold the insulation outward and away from the heating element, it will be more effective.The screw terminals where the circuit wires are linked to the heating element will be exposed as a result of this.
To check for power, use a non-contact circuit tester to probe the wires.If the power has been turned off, unscrew the screws that are holding the wires to each of the two terminal screws and remove the circuit wires from the circuit.
Test the Heating Element
To test the heating element, first set a multi-tester to the OHMs (continuity) setting, then connect the red lead to one screw terminal on the heating element and the black lead to the other screw terminal on the heating element, repeating the process.There is no electricity flowing through the heating element when the ohm reading on a digital multi-tester is zero, or when the needle on an analog dial is at infinity (does not move) when using an analog dial.This means that the heating element has failed and that it should be replaced immediately.
If you are able to obtain an ohm resistance value using the multi-tester, this indicates that the heating element is not defective.It is possible that the problem is with the other heating element or with the thermostat for the upper or lower heating element.
How to Remove a Heating Element
The removal of the heating element can begin immediately after the heating element has been tested and found to be functional (see above).
Turn off the Power and Water
You should shut off the electric water heater at the main electrical panel, if you haven’t already done so.To do so, locate and switch off the circuit breaker or fuse that powers the heater (see above).Shut down the cold water supply line that supplies hot water to the water heater.
This shut-off valve is typically located slightly above the water heater, on the cold-water line that feeds into the water heater, and it might be difficult to locate.
Expose the Heating Element
Assuming you haven’t already done so, remove the access cover panel as well as the insulation that covers the heating element terminal block.When you fold the insulation outward and away from the heating element, it will be less likely to catch on fire.Using a non-contact circuit tester, check to see that the power has been turned off.
Remove the thermostat cover from the thermostat if it’s required to do so.Make certain that the connecting point that connects the thermostat to the heating element is disconnected.Remove the screws that are holding the wires to each of the two terminal screws and the circuit wires will be disconnected.
Drain the Water Heater
To drain the water heater, connect a garden hose to the drain spigot on the water heater and run it to a floor drain to empty the water heater. Open the drain valve and let the water in the water heater tank to flow out.
Remove the Heating Element
The heating element may be removed from a screw-in type heater by twisting the element counterclockwise with a ratchet and a 1 1/2-inch socket.Some repair kits include a socket that is designed to accommodate the heating element.Remove the gasket that is used to connect the heating element to the water heater tank and set it aside.
Remove a flange-type heating element from its mounting bracket by removing the four screws that hold the heating element in place.Remove the gasket from the joint.After removing the mounting screws and gasket from the water heater tank, you may remove the heating element from the tank.
How to Install a New Heating Element
The replacement heating element may be placed immediately after the old malfunctioning heating element has been checked and removed (see above).
Check to be that the replacement element has the right voltage and wattage rating for your water heater before installing it. On the flange or terminal block of the heating element, or on the data plate of the water heater, you should be able to discover this information.
Insert the New Heating Element
Using a cloth, wipe out the area around where the gasket attaches to the tank to remove any debris.Install the replacement gasket on the heating element and then put the entire assembly into the water heater’s tank of storage.Tighten a screw-in-type heating element by threading it into the tank opening with a socket wrench in a clockwise direction until it is securely fastened.
Insert the four mounting screws for flange-type heating elements and tighten them down firmly to secure the element.
Refill the Water Heater Tank
Drain the water heater by closing the drain valve. Open the cold water inflow valve as well as the nearest hot water faucet at the same time. Allow three minutes for the hot water faucet to remain open after you have achieved a consistent flow of water. As a result, any surplus air and sediment will be removed from the lines. Keep an eye out for any leaks near the heating element.
Make Wire Connections
Connect the black and white circuit wires to the heating element’s screw terminals by wrapping the wires around the terminals in a clockwise direction. The wire that is connected to the screw terminal does not matter which one it is on. Tighten the screws all the way down, then tug on the wires to make sure they are securely fastened.
Reassemble the Cover Plate
After reinstalling the thermostat cover, tuck the insulation back into its original position before reattaching the heating element cover plate to the water heater tank.
Turn on Power and Test
Switching on the water heater’s circuit breaker will bring the electricity to the unit on. Allow the water to warm up for many hours before checking the temperature of the water with a probe. Make any modifications to the thermostat that are neccessary.
Can I install a water heater myself?
18th of March, 2021 Learning how to perform basic home maintenance tasks is a fantastic concept for any homeowner, but is it practical to add a DIY water heater installation to the list?However, while it is not recommended that you perform a DIY water heater installation on your own, especially if you lack the necessary skills and certifications to do so, understanding the early signs that your water heater needs to be replaced, as well as what to do in response to those signs, can help you save money in the long run.
Signs Your Water Heater May Need Replacing
You should contact a professional if you observe any of the following indicators that your hot water heater needs to be repaired or replaced:
1. There Isn’t Enough Hot Water
You won’t have enough hot water to fulfill your daily demands if your water heater isn’t operating properly, which is one of the most obvious symptoms that something is wrong.
2. Your Water Heater is Leaking
A leaky water heater is a clear indication of a major internal problem, and it might indicate the need for either a repair or a complete replacement. Turn off the water supply and the electricity to your water heater, and then call a professional expert to come and investigate the problem.
3. Strange Sounds or Odors Coming from Your Water Heater
If your water heater is making loud cracking, popping, bubbling, pounding, or whining sounds, it is likely that it is experiencing a problem that should be rectified.The most worrying noises are those of bubbling or boiling water, which are often produced by overheating and pressure building inside your water heater and should be addressed immediately.Aside from noises, scents may also be used to determine whether or not your water heater is operating correctly.
Smells like rotten eggs or musk might indicate that a species of bacteria has infiltrated your water distribution system.It is not safe to continue using your hot water heater in this condition since your water supply might be polluted with contaminants.Contact a qualified technician as soon as possible.
4. Your Water Heater is Old
In the event that your water heater is more than 10 years old and is behaving oddly, it may be time to consider replacing your unit. While certain hot water heaters manufactured today can endure for even longer periods of time, many units begin to fail after roughly a decade.
Tips for Diagnosing and Troubleshooting Water Heater Problems
- Even though some hot water heater problems may be resolved quickly with a simple repair, others may be serious enough that a complete replacement is more cost-effective and energy efficient. Some suggestions to assist you in diagnosing and troubleshooting your hot water heater problems are as follows: When doing maintenance on your hot water heater, always make sure that the device is completely turned off. This will aid in the prevention of electric shock for both you and your unit.
- If you aren’t receiving any hot water, first check to see if you have tripped a circuit breaker, which would have shut off the electricity to your hot water heater
- The thermostat settings on your hot water heater should be checked to determine whether the high-temperature limit is set too low if you are experiencing problems with your hot water supply. If, on the other hand, your hot water is too hot, check your thermostat settings and modify the high-temperature limit to ensure that it is at a fair degree for your tastes.
- If you’re not receiving enough hot water, it’s possible that your hot water heater is too small for your requirements. It’s possible that you’ll need to replace your hot water heater.
How to Replace a Water Heater (with Pictures) Most homeowners considering a do-it-yourself water heater installation do so in the hopes of saving money, but it may wind up costing you more in the long run than if you had just hired a professional from the beginning.Whenever you replace a hot water heater, you’re dealing with potentially dangerous systems that are simple to damage and can result in bodily harm if not handled properly.As a result, most homeowners aren’t aware of current building rules or suitable installation procedures, and as a result, they may lack the expertise essential to ensure that their water heater is installed correctly.
While it is theoretically possible for you to install a hot water heater on your own as a homeowner, the probability that this is a good or safe decision is extremely low..Allow specialists to handle the installation of your hot water heater to ensure that it is completed correctly.You wouldn’t want to put yourself or your loved ones in any kind of danger.To install a hot water heater on your own, you’ll need to turn off the electrical power to your system, drain the old tank, disconnect all water lines as well as any power or fuel lines, and then disconnect the vent pipe.Once you’ve completed this, you’ll need to remove the old tank and replace it with the new one, as well as install all of the necessary fittings and valves, reconnect all of the lines and vents, and finish the installation.
Being that it’s a difficult procedure, we always urge that you collaborate with knowledgeable specialists.
Save Time and Stress
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Removing the Old Water Heater
Back to the top of the page It is recommended that you read the printed instructions that came with your water heater in addition to the material on this web site. Read and observe any warning labels on the water heater, as well as the safety recommendations in the printed owner’s handbook, to limit the danger of property damage, serious injury, or death.
Step 1: Tools and Supplies
- Hose for the garden
- hand truck or appliance dolly
- Circuit tester that does not require contact
- The following tools will be needed: pipe cutter
- 1/4″ nut driver and/or Phillips screwdriver.
- bucket (optional)
- a pair of tongs
Step 2: Turn Power OFF
- To switch off the water heater, locate the circuit breaker and turn it off (or remove the fuses from the circuit).
- WARNING: Before working on the water heater, check sure that the power has been turned off with a non-contact circuit tester or volt meter. If you work on an electrified equipment, you risk getting electrical burns, electrocution, or death.
Step 3: Open the Electrical Junction Box
- Disconnect the old water heater’s electrical junction box and remove the access panel.
- Your access panel may have a different appearance and may utilize a different type of screw than the one shown.
Step 4: Check for Electrical Power
- Check the power lines using a non-contact circuit tester to ensure that the power has been turned off completely.
- WARNING! Working on an electrified circuit has the potential to cause serious damage or death due to electrical shock. Check the cables with a volt meter or circuit tester to ensure that the power has been turned off
Step 5: Unscrew the Wire Nuts
Disconnect the wire nuts that link the water heater’s service wires to the home’s power wires and remove them.
Step 6: Unscrew the Green Ground Screw
Disconnect the ground wire from the water heater by unscrewing the green ground screw on the water heater.
Step 7: Disconnect the Conduit
- Disconnect the water heater’s electrical line from the wall outlet.
- It’s possible that your home’s wiring is different.
Step 8: Disconnect and Save the Strain Relief
Ensure that the strain relief is disconnected and saved for use with the new water heater.
Step 9: Cap the Power Wires with Wire Nuts
- Cap the home’s power wires with wire nuts.
Step 10: Run the Hot Water Until it’s Cool
- (this may take 10 minutes or longer).″>Open a hot water faucet and allow the hot water to run until it is cool (this may take 10 minutes or longer).″>Open a cold water faucet and allow the cold water to run until it is cool (this may take 10 minutes or longer).″>Open a hot water faucet and allow the hot water to run until it is cool (this may take 10 minutes or longer).
- WARNING! As a precaution, make sure the water is running cool before emptying the old water heater to avoid burning yourself.
Step 11: Connect a Garden Hose to Drain Valve
Connection: Attach a garden hose to the water heater’s drain valve and dispose of the other end in a drain, outside, or in a bucket to collect the water.
Step 12: Turn the Cold Water Supply OFF
- Turn the cold water supply OFF.
Step 13: Open the Drain Valve
- Drain the water from the old water heater by opening the drain valve.
- Open a hot water faucet to assist the water heater in draining more quickly
- A handle may be provided on certain drain valves, while others may need the use of a flat blade screwdriver.
- Make sure that the water heater is totally draining
- A build-up of sediment at the bottom of the tank may jam the drain valve, making it impossible for the tank to drain correctly. Contact a competent expert for assistance if you are unable to get the tank to drain properly
Step 14: Disconnect the T&P Relief Valve Discharge Pipe
- The Temperature and Pressure (T&P) Relief Valve discharge line should be disconnected after the tank is completely depleted
- you may be able to reuse the discharge pipe, but DO NOT REUSE THE OLD T&P RELIEF VALVE. You should make use of the new T&P relief valve that came with your new water heater.
Step 15: Disconnect the Water Pipes
- Prior to removing the water pipes, plan how you will connect the new water heater to the existing system. If you are using compression fittings, cut the water pipes as near as feasible to the water heater, leaving as much length as possible in the water pipes. You may always trim them to length later.″>Before removing the water pipes, plan how you will connect the new water heater to the existing system. If you are using compression fittings, cut the water pipes as near as feasible to the water heater, leaving as much length as possible in the water pipes. You can trim them to length later if necessary.
- Disconnect the cold and hot water pipes that are connected to the old water heater and set them aside. In many cases, they are joined using a threaded union that may be detached with a wrench.
Step 16: Remove the Old Water Heater
- Remove the old water heater from the room. Move the water heater with the use of a hand truck or an appliance dolly.
- WARNING: Water heaters are quite hefty. If you don’t have an appliance dolly, it’s best to have two or more people help you remove or install a water heater. Failure to do so may result in a back injury or another type of harm.
Electric Water Heater Installation: Step-by-Step Guide
If you’re the DIY kind, installing an electric water heater isn’t quite as complicated as it may appear at first glance.However, before starting the project, you should keep in mind that you will be required to perform some basic plumbing and electrical tasks.If these kind of duties make you feel uneasy, there are a number of reliable companies you may turn to for help with your new water heater installation.
Nevertheless, if you’re up to the task, you may save money by doing it yourself..Generally speaking, electric water heaters have a life span of 8 to 10 years before they need to be replaced.Just because your water heater is leaking does not always imply that it is nearing the end of its useful lifespan.If you haven’t previously done so, you should troubleshoot the leak before investing in a new water heater.A leak can be rectified in the majority of cases.
Except if you discover that the leak is coming from the tank itself, you will have no choice but to replace the water heater.
Preparing to Install an Electric Water Heater
After determining that you require a new water heater, you may like to consult our buyers guide to assist you in selecting the most appropriate model for your needs. Furthermore, if you elect to install the water heater yourself, you will be responsible for removing your old water heater and properly disposing of it. Find Local Plumbing Professionals
Tools and Supplies
Electric Water Heater Installation
Installing an electric water heater is far less difficult than installing a gas water heater, but it is still a significant undertaking.In the event that you are uncomfortable working with electrical and plumbing, we strongly advise that you hire a professional to do the installation for you; in addition, they will often dispose of your old water heater for you.The following are step-by-step instructions for installing your electric water heater:
Disconnect the Electricity
First, we’ll have a look at what to do.Turn off the electricity to your water heater at the circuit breaker panel located near the water heater.Using a voltage tester, verify that the water heater wire is disconnected and that the unit is turned off.Although it is not discussed in the video below, it is always a good idea to double-check that the water heater is not receiving any power after turning it off at the circuit breaker before doing any work on it.Open a hot water faucet and allow the water to run until it is cold, then close the faucet and shut it off.
This step is not discussed in the video, but it is necessary to guarantee that you are able to drain the tank securely and without getting scalded by the water.The cold water feed to the water heater should be turned off (located at the top of the unit).To drain the water heater, attach a hose to the drain valve.Drain the tank by opening the valve and venting it to the outside (or to a floor drain, or even into buckets).The hot water faucet should be reopened if it was closed in Step 1; otherwise, it should be left closed.Additionally, you can open the T&P valve.
- By enabling air to enter the tank, you will be able to drain the water more quickly.
Disconnect the Electrical
Step 3Disconnect the electrical cables that are connected to the water heater’s top panel.To begin, be certain that the circuit breaker in the breaker box has been switched off.Then, before you begin, verify the wires with a voltage tester to ensure they are in good working order.Cap the wires and name them (or take a picture of them) so that there is no confusion when you are connecting your new water heater in the future.
Disconnect the Plumbing
The hot and cold water supply lines should be disconnected at this point.Copper piping may be used in the installation of your hot water heater, and you may need to cut the piping.To cut the pipes, use a tubing (pipe) cutter and cut as little as possible of the pipe.If the discharge pipe from the T&P valve is in good condition, you can remove it from the T&P valve and reuse it on your new water heater.
Remove the Old Water Heater
With a dolly, transport the old water heater away once the tank is completely depleted. Place the new tank in its proper location. It is recommended that you place the replacement tank into a drain pan. Find out why. Make certain that your electrical supply will be sufficient to reach the tank. Check sure you have access to the panels and the drain valve in case you need to do maintenance.
Prepare the Plumbing Lines
Step 6If your previous water heater had copper piping and it was required to cut the pipes, you’ll need to prepare the pipes with a sandpaper cloth before installing the new water heater. Rub the ends of the pipes with the sandpaper cloth until they are gleaming brilliantly again. Find Local Plumbing Professionals
Connect the Electrical Wiring
Step 7Remove the lid off the junction box in order to have access to the electrical wiring.Connect the ground wire to the green ground screw using a wire tie.Wire connectors are used to join the other wires together by twisting them together.Make use of the prior wire connections as a reference and reconnect the wires in the same manner in which they were disconnected.Proceed in the same manner as you did with your label tags or the photograph you took in Step 3.
After that, reinstall the lid of the junction box.
Attach the Supply Lines & Turn On the Water
Step 8: Connect the water supply lines for the hot and cold water.Make certain that the cold water pipe is connected to the cold water intake on the water heater (it’s easy to make the error of connecting the cold to the hot water pipe).If your old water heater was plumbed with copper piping, you may want to consider pluming it with copper pipe once more.The use of flexible hoses, on the other hand, is strongly recommended for making the connections.Not only is it more convenient, but it is also a suggested safety element in the event of an earthquake.
Your plumbing arrangement will vary depending on your original design as well as your own preferences.Connect the flexible hoses to the nipples on the water heater using the hose clamps.In the majority of situations, plumbers tape will be required to line the threads.When connecting the flexible hoses to the hot and cold water pipes, we recommend that you use dielectric connections to avoid damaging the pipes.The use of these fittings will aid in the reduction of corrosion between the two distinct types of metal.By turning on the hot water faucet at the nearest faucet, you may check for leaks in the flexible hose connections..
- Then switch on the cold water supply to your water heater to begin heating the water.
- Although this step is not discussed in the movie, we recommend that you double-check your plumbing before proceeding.
- As long as there are no leaks, you may keep filling your water heater tank with water.
- Whenever the tank is completely refilled, the hot water tap will begin to run continuously.
Attach the T&P Discharge Pipe
- Step 9Connect the discharge line to the T&P valve and tighten it. The pipe’s end must be within 6 inches of the floor in order to function properly. Make use of a 3/4-inch male copper fitting.
- Pipe dope should be applied to the exterior of the fitting as well as the interior of the valve fitting
- Tighten the fitting to the T&P valve fitting after it has been attached.
- Remove the fitting from the pipe’s end and clean it
- Soldering flux should be applied to the interior of the male fitting as well as the exterior of the pipe.
- Fitting the pipe to the fitting is completed.
- To join the pipes, solder and a torch should be used.
Turn On the Power & Bleed the Hot Water Lines
Step 10After your water heater tank has been completely filled with water, switch on the circuit breaker located at the main power distribution box.BE CAREFUL: If the electricity is turned on before the tank has been entirely filled, the electric components may dry out and catch fire if they are not totally immersed.This might cause irreparable damage to your electric heating components.Make careful to switch off the circuit breaker BEFORE examining the electrical connections on the water heater if your water heater isn’t getting electricity.
Bleed Hot Water Lines
Step 11Allow the hot water tap to run for a few minutes until it stops ″sputtering″ in order to remove the air trapped in the tank and piping system.It may take many hours for the water in the tank to reach its maximum temperature.The temperature setting that is recommended is 120 degrees Fahrenheit.Then, after a couple of hours, inspect the T&P discharge pipe for any problems.If the pipe is dripping, it is possible that the pressure is too high.
Watch the Video
Repair and Installation of Water Heaters at the Lowest Possible Price Now is the time to call! Request Estimates from Pre-Approved Local Contractors
Installing Water Heater with Lowes
- There are several elements to consider if you want to install a hot water heater and know how much it will cost. What is the cost of having a water heater installed by Lowes after you have purchased one from the store? Consider: It depends on whether you want a tankless water heater or something more economical like a standard water heater. Do you have an old water heater that needs to be removed in order for a new one to be installed in its place? Is it a standard 50-gallon container, or is it a larger one?
- For help with installing a water heater, you can seek the assistance of an experienced contractor such as Home Depot or Lowes. There, you’ll be able to purchase a heater with the assistance of a professional service and have it installed as well.
- In addition, you may contact Lowe’s customer service representatives free of charge at 1 877 GO LOWES to inquire about charges and installation processes.
- This article will explain how much Lowes charges for installing a gas or electric hot water heater, as well as the typical pricing range and additional installation costs.
Do I need to replace a water heater?
Assume that your water heater is leaking.It may not be performing at its peak because to a lack of hot water, a faulty safety valve, or for any number of other reasons.In that instance, you may need to enlist the assistance of a professional to help you resolve the situation.If you are unable to resolve the problem with the water heater that is currently installed, you may be obliged to replace the water heater.No need to be concerned; these things happen to everyone every now and then!
We’re here to assist you in learning about water heater installation prices and overcoming difficulties.But, before we get into the specifics of water heater installation costs and reasons for replacing a water heater, let’s first examine the major distinction between tank and tankless water heaters: the tank.
Tank water heaters store hot water in a huge tank that typically holds 30 to 80 gallons of water, which is why you’ll find a lot of 50-gallon tanks on the market. Tank water heaters account for more than 90 percent of all water heaters installed in the United States.
Tip: Purchase a water heater that is the appropriate size for your home and make an investment in reputable water heater manufacturers. When you purchase a unit that is too large, it will not be energy efficient, which will result in excessive energy costs for the duration of the heater’s lifespan.
Tankless water heaters are the most energy-efficient technology available today.These water heaters require less maintenance and take up less space than traditional water heaters.In addition, contemporary tankless systems offer a longer service life duration.On the flipside, their cost has been treble, resulting in them becoming more scarce.They’re also more difficult to install and need more work to complete, which increases the expense of the project.
In addition, water heaters using tankless technology take longer to heat water and are unable to supply hot water during a power outage, among other disadvantages.
- In accordance with Energy.gov, ″demand (or tankless) water heaters can be 24 percent to 34 percent more energy efficient than traditional storage-tank water heaters in houses that consume 41 gallons or less of hot water daily.″ When compared to standard water heaters, tankless heaters can save between 24-34 percent on energy costs for families that use 41 gallons or less of hot water per day
- 8-14 percent on energy costs for households that use approximately 86 gallons per day.
Who or what is responsible for the increased energy efficiency?Unlike standard tank water heaters, which heat water constantly, tankless water heaters heat just the amount of water that is required at the time of use.(This results in decreased utility expenses!) Water heaters like the GE GeoSpring and instantaneous water heaters like the Stiebel Eltron are among the products you can explore.Important: Due to a lack of demand and profitability, General Electric Appliances stated in 2016 that they will be discontinuing its heat-pump water heaters (HPWH) line of products.After that, there are electric water heaters and gas water heaters to choose between.
Electric water heaters and gas water heaters are diametrically opposed in a number of ways.When it comes to heating water, hot water heaters utilise a variety of energy sources.Mineral fuels, such as natural gas, heating oil, propane, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and solid fuels, among other things, are the most frequent fuel source.Electric water heaters, for example, are more energy efficient than gas water heaters when it comes to overall efficiency.Furthermore, despite the fact that natural gas hot water heaters are less expensive to operate on a monthly basis as a result of the cheap cost of natural gas, a gas hot water heater consumes more energy to function and, unfortunately, discharges waste into the environment.Even while an electric hot water heater heats water more slowly and costs more money than a gas hot water heater, it also heats the water more efficiently.
- (See Forbes for further information.)
Main reasons for water heater replacement
Once a year, when should you give serious consideration to upgrading your water heater? When you see one of these warning signals, it may be time to replace a water heater that has failed with a new one to prevent further damage.
- Water isn’t hot enough
There may be a problem with the central heating element in your home if you have observed that you are unable to obtain suitably heated water, i.e., the water coming from the heater is not as hot as it used to be. A new hot water heater should be installed in this situation, since it is most likely time to replace the existing one.
- Unusual smell
Fortunately, the presence of an uncommon odor in your water heater is not a cause to replace your water heater.The most typical source of a foul odor in your water heater is an overpopulation of bacteria, which can produce a sulfur or rotten egg odor when exposed to water.Because these bacteria can live in the absence of oxygen, they can react with the sulfur and magnesium in the sacrificial anode rod, resulting in the production of offensive hydrogen sulfide gases.Also see ″How to Get Sulfur Smell Out of Clothes?″ for more information.
- High energy bills
Have you gotten an unexpectedly large energy bill in the recent past? It is a strong indication that your heater is inefficient, and you may require a new hot water heater. Water heaters are typically used for four hours a day on average, according to the manufacturer. If your hot water heater is operating at a higher rate than this, it may be time to consider replacing it.
Expect your regular water heater to last around 15 years, and your tankless water heater to last approximately 20 years.When they reach that age, they should carefully consider the option of replacing their hot water heater and should visit Lowe’s or Home Depot to see what is currently available on the market.Lowe’s is a retail corporation based in the United States that specializes in home renovation.Lowe’s, with its headquarters in Mooresville, North Carolina, is a retail firm that operates a chain of shops in the United States and Canada.
- Rusty water or metallic taste
The water that comes out of the faucet should be clear. If you notice that your tap water has a rusty appearance or a metallic flavor, it is likely that the anode within the heater has failed. Take into consideration replacing the broken component or the complete water he