Water Heater Dimensions (with Drawings)
The vast majority of homeowners do not enjoy taking cold showers or paying high energy bills.It is possible to have consistent hot water in your house while also being cost-effective with the use of an efficient water heater.Before getting a water heater, make certain that you have identified the exact size that you want for your residence.The optimal water heater size will be determined by the number of people in the household.A tank water heater with a capacity of 23 to 36 gallons can service a residence with two or fewer occupants.A 36 to 46-gallon tank is sufficient for residences with four or fewer occupants; homes with five or more occupants require 46 to 56-gallon tanks.
Water Heater Fuel Sources
In order to power the heater, water heaters use a variety of fuel sources. The fuel source might be either electric, gas, or propane, or it can be a combination of these three types of fuel.
Gas Water Heater
The water in a gas water heater is heated by means of a burner. They are available in sizes ranging from 30 to 100 gallons.
Electric Water Heater
Electric water heaters heat water by using one or two replaceable heating elements that are installed in the tank. They are available in a variety of sizes ranging from 28 to more than 100 gallons.
Heat Pump Water Heater
A heat pump water heater heats water by using energy from the surrounding environment. They can be installed as stand-alone water tanks or as an addition to existing water tanks. They are available in sizes ranging from 50 to 80 gallons.
Types of Hot Water Heaters
Consider the size of your household as well as the utilities that are available in your location before making a decision on a water heater.
Storage Tank Water Heater
An electric water heater with a storage tank is the most prevalent form of water heater. They are offered in three different configurations: electric, liquid propane, and natural gas. The usage of natural gas and propane water heaters is often less energy intensive and less expensive to run than electric water heaters.
Tankless Water Heater
Tankless water heaters do not have a storage tank for hot water.As opposed to this, they heat the water as it goes through coils in the device.The fact that they only heat the water that is currently being used makes them more energy-efficient than conventional storage-tank water heaters.Tankless water heaters are offered in three different fuel types: electric, liquid propane, and natural gas.The majority of tankless water heaters have a capacity of up to 3.5 gallons of hot water every minute.It is most appropriate for someone whose needs do not require hot water in more than two locations at the same time.
The Rheem Professional Prestige Gas Water Heater is a wonderful choice if you have a large household.It can produce 9.5 gallons of warm water per minute at a constant temperature.A measurement of 27.
5 inches in height, 18.5 inches in breadth, and 9.75 inches in depth is required.The Rheem Performance Tankless Electric Water Heater is a tankless electric water heater that uses electricity instead of gas.It produces warm water at a rate of 8.8 gallons per minute.
In terms of dimensions, it measures 18.25 inches in height, 21.625 inches in length, and 3.5 inches in depth.
Utility Water Heaters
Utility water heaters are sometimes referred to as point of use (POU) water heaters since they heat water at the point of use.They are an excellent solution for retail establishments or garages.They are available in sizes ranging from 2.5 to 20 gallons and can be utilized to deliver hot water to a secondary bathroom on occasion.Having the largest POU heater available is beneficial if you have bathrooms that are not close to your main water heater.The 20-gallon capacity of the Rheem Marathon POU Electric Water Heater is impressive.Its height is 30.5 inches and its diameter is 23.5 inches, and it is made of steel.
Water Heater Tank Capacity
In the United States, storage tank water heaters are categorised based on the amount of water they can store in gallons.In order to guarantee that your home has adequate hot water, you must first establish how much water is utilized on a daily basis.Smaller homes may get away with smaller tanks, however bigger households would need larger tanks to accommodate their needs.Consider the recovery rate of the water heater in the storage tank as well.The recovery rate is defined as the number of gallons of water it can heat in an hour while simultaneously replenishing the tank with water.In order to meet increased hot water demand, you’ll need a higher recovery rate on your boiler.
Use the guidelines as a reference to determine the size of the water heater you need to purchase.
Electric Water Heater Tank Capacity
For a one- to two-person household, you’ll need an electric water heater with a tank size of 30 gallons or greater.In most cases, a water heater of this size has a height of 49.5 inches and a circumference of 21.63 inches in diameter.This heater is around 75 pounds in weight.For a two- to three-person family, a 40-gallon electric water heater tank is required for adequate water heating.A 40-gallon water heater is normally 61.25 inches tall by 18 inches broad and weighs up to 115 pounds, depending on the manufacturer.For a household of three to four persons, an electric water heater with a capacity of 50 gallons is required.
A Rheem Marathon Electric Water Heater is a fantastic choice for a home of this size since it is energy efficient.With a height of 47.25 inches and a width of 28.5 inches, this piece is both tall and wide.For families with five or more people, you’ll need an electric water heater with a capacity of at least 80 gallons to meet your needs.
With an 85-gallon tank, the Rheem Marathon electric water heater is suitable for households with many people.The structure has an overall height of 70.25 inches, a circumference of 28.25 inches, and weighs around 134 pounds.
Gas Water Heater Tank Capacity
The tank capacity of gas water heaters is not as great as that of electric water heaters when it comes to heating a home.For a one- to two-person household, a gas water heater with a capacity of 30 gallons or more is recommended.In terms of total height and diameter, the Rheem Performance Atmospheric Gas Water Heater is 46.35 inches in height and 19.75 inches in diameter.This water heater is 112 pounds in weight.Families of two to four persons require a gas water heater with a capacity of at least 40 gallons to meet their water heating needs.The height of the Rheem Performance 40 gallon gas water heater is 58.5 inches, while the width of the water heater is 19 inches.
A gas water heater with a tank capacity of 50 gallons or more is required for families of five or more people.With a height of 50.5 inches and a width of 23.75 inches, the Rheem Performance Platinum Gas Water Heater is a substantial piece of equipment.
Space for A Water Heater
Depending on where it is located, your storage tank water heater might be located in the attic, outside shed, or inside closet.Before acquiring a new water heater, you should take the height of the area where the heater will be installed.Measure the length of the space from the floor to the ceiling, and then the breadth of the area using a tape measure.The most significant variations between water heaters are their height, gallon capacity, and the minimum height required for plumbing connections.Water heaters are available in both short and tall configurations.
Short Water Heaters
Despite the fact that short water heaters are shorter and broader than traditional water heaters, they retain the same quantity of water.The advantage of short water heaters is that they may be installed in locations with restricted headroom, such as crawlspaces.Short water heaters, often known as lowboys, are available in heights ranging from 30 to 49 inches and may store up to 50 gallons of water.
Tall Water Heaters
Tall water heaters are perfect for use in basements or garages when space is at a premium and height is not a barrier. If you have a hybrid water heater, it may require additional room in order to operate properly. Tall water heaters are available in heights ranging from 50 to 76 inches and have a capacity of up to 100 gallons of water.
Water Heater First Hour Ratings
In addition to tank size, the first-hour rating of the water heater should be taken into consideration.Using the first-hour rating (FHR), we can determine the amount of hot water a tank can produce in an hour when fully heated.The efficiency of a water heater is determined by the FHR, which also provides an indication of how much water the heater can handle at peak demand.The FHR of your water heater should be equal to or more than the number of gallons of hot water required for each activity done at the same time.Use the figures in the table below to get your optimal FHR.The average individual requires 20 gallons of hot water for bathing or showering.
For each individual, 6 liters of hot water are required for hair-washing purposes.
- You need 2 gallons of hot water per person for hand washing.
Hand-washing dishes needs 6 gallons of hot water per person, per wash cycle.
- Shaving requires 3 gallons of hot water per person.
- Running the dishwasher requires 14 gallons of hot water.
The washing machine uses 30 gallons of hot water to complete its cycle.
Necessary Clearance for Water Heaters
For a water heater, the amount of clearance required will vary depending on whether the heater is natural gas or electric.If you use a gas water heater, you should have at least 24 inches of clearance at the front.In addition, there should be two inches in the rear and two inches on each side of the heater to allow for movement.Electric water heaters do not need a minimum amount of space.Most electrical equipment rules, on the other hand, demand a 30-inch working area on both the front and sides of the heater to be provided.Examination, adjustments, and maintenance of the electric water heater are all possible at this time.
Also recommended is a 3-foot space in front of electrical equipment, according to the National Electrical Code.Also required is a minimum headroom of 6 feet, as recommended by the regulation.
Do mobile homes require specific types of water heaters?
Mobile homes are required to have a specified type of water heater, which can be either gas or electric in nature.Choosing to install a gas water heater in your mobile home requires the purchase of the necessary connections.Propane or natural gas will be used as the connection type.When choosing a water heater for a mobile home, it is important to consider the position of the unit.If you are purchasing a gas water heater that you want to enclose, you must acquire a sealed combustion gas water heater to meet your requirements.If there is access to the water heater from the outside, a normal gas water heater will suffice.
Before making a purchase, be sure you have exact dimensions because mobile home door openings might be narrower than those of standard homes.
Can I install my water heater in a closet?
Depending on whether or not your home has a basement or garage, it may be required to place the water heater within the house.Water heaters are frequently installed in closets, where they are out of sight and out of mind.You’ll need a permit before you can install, replace, or repair the water heater since you’ll want to make sure it’s safe before you do anything.Water heaters must have a particular amount of clearance in order to perform effectively.On both sides of the water heater, there must be a clearance space of 12 inches to allow for movement.In order to have effective ventilation, you also require a particular volume of airflow.
The water heater’s upper enclosure must have at least one air opening within 12 inches of it, according to building code requirements.To keep the water heater’s bottom enclosure from overheating, you must add another air opening within 12 inches of it.The diameter of the air ducts necessary for combustion must be at least three inches.
Stacy Randall is a woman that works in the fashion industry.In addition to being a wife and mother, Stacy Randall works as a freelance writer in New Orleans.She has always had a passion for do-it-yourself projects, house organizing, and creating beautiful environments.
She and her husband have spent the last five years meticulously repairing her grandparents’ former house, transforming it into their own, and learning a great deal about life in the process.
Solved! How to Select the Right Water Heater Size
- Major Systems
If a new water heater is in your future, take some time to figure out whether the size of your current heater meets your needs. These pro tips will walk you through the process.
- Image courtesy of istockphoto.com Q: Our water heater is nearing the end of its useful life.
- I’ve turned up the temperature on the tank to its highest level, but the water that comes out of the faucet is no longer hot at all.
- It is therefore necessary to purchase a new water heater.
- Our present tank has a 30-gallon capacity, which was plenty when we purchased the property ten years ago.
- However, our family has expanded, and we are now consuming more water for bathing and laundry than before.
- What type of water heater do I require?
- A: Based on your description, it appears that you will require a bigger water heater this time around.
And you’re absolutely correct: Increased people in the family means more water consumption.As a result, ″the number of users is critical for tank-style water heaters since the output is more or less fixed,″ says Daniel O’Brian, a technical specialist for online plumbing shop SupplyHouse.com.″The output is more or less set,″ he adds.Whether you’re looking to replace your old water heater with a tank or a tankless type, O’Brian can help you choose what size water heater would best match your needs and budget.
For a tank-style heater, household size is a simple indicator of hot water needs.
- Based on the number of people living in the residence, you may estimate the required tank capacity (in gallons) as follows: For one or two people, 23 to 36 gallons are needed, for two to four people, 36 to 46 gallons are needed, and for three to five people, 46 to 56 gallons are needed
- for five or more people, more than 56 gallons are needed (add 10 gallons for each extra person).
A 40-gallon water heater, such as A. O. Smith’s ProLine Power Vent Gas Water Heater (available from SupplyHouse), should be sufficient for the average household of four. However, it should not be your only factor to consider. It is possible to obtain a more realistic picture of your family’s hot water requirements by delving a bit further.
In addition to tank capacity, consider a water heater’s first hour rating.
- When a tank is fully heated, the first hour rating (FHR) specifies how much hot water it can generate in a single hour when fully heated. At peak consumption, this statistic indicates the appliance’s efficiency (how rapidly the water heater can reheat the water) and provides an indication of how much water it can manage in a given amount of time. If you buy a 50-gallon A. O. Smith ProLine Power Vent Water Heater (available at SupplyHouse), it has an FHR of 90 gallons, which means it can deliver up to 90 gallons of hot water in an hour. You want to seek for a hot water heater that can provide the number of gallons of hot water required for all of the activities that might be carried out concurrently during the busiest time of the day, or even more. Make use of the statistics in the table below to help you predict peak hour use and establish the best FHR for your situation. Bathing or showering (per person) requires 20 gallons
- washing hair (per person) requires 6 gallons
- washing hands (per person) requires 2 gallons
- washing dishes by hand requires 6 gallons
- shaving requires 3 gallons
- running the dishwasher requires 14 gallons
- running the clothes washer requires 30 gallons.
Consult with a professional Find qualified plumbing professionals in your area and receive free, no-obligation estimates for your plumbing project on HomeAdvisor. + Image courtesy of supplyhouse.com
If a larger tank won’t fit in the existing space, consider a tankless heater.
- Tankless heaters, which are often wall-mounted, are able to fit into smaller spaces since they do not require a large storage tank, as O’Brian points out.
- Typical tank water heaters may be up to six feet tall and 22 inches in diameter, with a capacity of 50 gallons.
- In contrast, a tankless water heater that produces equivalent output (for example, the Takagi Tankless Natural Gas Water Heater (available from SupplyHouse)) is just 20 inches high, 14 inches wide, and less than ten inches deep (see Figure 1).
- If you have a limited amount of available space, a tankless water heater may be the best option.
- Image courtesy of istockphoto.com
To select the right tankless water heater, estimate the necessary flow rate based on hot water usage and the required change in temperature.
Tankless water heaters do not have a storage tank to hold hot water. Instead, they heat it only when it is required. ″Flow rate is the most important factor to consider when sizing a tankless water heater,″ O’Brian explains. The following information will assist you in estimating the flow rate requirements for your family.
To begin, figure out how much hot water you use during peak hours. Peak consumption is defined as the period of time during which you consume the largest amount of hot water. You may use the following table to calculate the maximum amount of hot water you would consume at one time based on the typical flow rates (per fixture) in gallons-per-minute (gpm):
- Water flow rates for sink faucet: 1 gpm
- bathtub: 3 gpm
- shower: 2.5 gpm
- dishwasher: 3 gpm
- clothes washer: 3 gpm
- You’ll need a tankless water heater with a minimum flow rate of 5.5 gpm if, for example, your peak consumption comes after dinner when you’re running the dishwasher and having a shower at the same time (three gallons per minute plus two and a half gallons per minute).
- Next, find out what the temperature of the water is that is entering your home. Simply turn on a cold water faucet and allow it to flow for a couple of minutes before measuring the temperature of the cold water using a thermometer.
- To calculate the needed temperature rise, subtract the cold water temperature from 110 degrees Fahrenheit (the typical home hot water temperature) and multiply the result by 100. For example, if the cold water temperature is 65 degrees Fahrenheit, the water heater will need to heat the water 45 degrees Fahrenheit in order to reach 110 degrees Fahrenheit, resulting in a temperature rise of 45 degrees Fahrenheit being required.
- Increase the flow rate by the amount of temperature rise that is necessary. As O’Brian points out, ″all units should be equipped with a chart that depicts the flow of hot water at various temperature increases.″ One such tankless water heater, the Takagi T-D2-IN Natural Gas Tankless Water Heater (available through SupplyHouse), has a maximum flow rate of 10 gpm, with the emphasis on the term ″maximum.″ The Takagi has an efficient flow rate of 10 gpm in a warm area where just a temperature increase of 20 degrees is required. Alternatively, if you require the water heater to raise the temperature of the water by 45 degrees Fahrenheit, the flow rate drops to around 7 gpm, as stated on the flow rate chart given by the manufacturer.
- Check out this video from SupplyHouse on how to properly size tankless water heaters for a more visual explanation.
- It is with great pleasure that SupplyHouse.com brings you this article.
- BobVila.com is the source of the information and viewpoints presented.
- Consult with a professional Identify qualified plumbing professionals in your area and receive free, no-obligation estimates for your plumbing project.
How big is a 40 gallon hot water heater?
- Asked in the following category: General The most recent update was made on March 25, 2020.
- The most often seen water heater capacity are 40 and 60 gallons (180 and 270 litres, respectively).
- They are also available in a variety of sizes, including 20, 80, and even 100-gallon containers.
- The most often seen capacities are between 40 and 60 gallons.
- In nations that use the metric system instead of the imperial system, the holding capacity of a water heater is expressed in liters.
- Furthermore, how much hot water can be stored in a 40 gallon tank?
- Depending on the size of the tank, the flow rate can range anywhere between 40 and 70 gallons per hour.
Check yours and it will help us determine whether or not everything is normal or whether something has gone wrong.Even a 40 gallon heater should provide you with 50 gallons of water for your shower if you use an 80-20 mixture of hot and cold water.In addition, is a 40-gallon hot water tank sufficient capacity?If your family’s demands are met by a hot water heater with an FHR that is within a couple gallons of the figure you just calculated, you should be OK.
A 40-gallon water heater is required for 2-3 persons.A 40-50 gallon water heater is required for 3-4 persons.A 50-80 gallon water heater is required for groups of five or more persons.What is the capacity of my hot water heater in gallons?
- Choose the appropriate size for your water heater.
- Look for a sticker on the side of your water heater indicating that it has been serviced.
- On the label, the gallon capacity should be included alongside the serial number and other pertinent information.
- This is the maximum amount of water that your water heater can hold.
- Measure the height of your water heater from the bottom to the top with a tape measure to ensure that it is the correct height.
What Size Water Heater Do I Need?
- A water heater is a necessary investment for any home, regardless of its size.
- Having said that, it’s critical to ensure that you get one that is the appropriate size in order to fulfill the demands of your family.
- Otherwise, you may find yourself without hot water for your morning shower on a more frequent basis than you would want.
- Today, we’ll go over the differences between the two most common types of water heaters in order to assist you in selecting the best one for your needs.
- We’ll also provide you an overview of the most common water heater sizes, as well as guidance on how to select the most appropriate size for your needs.
Storage Tank or Tankless?
Storage tank water heaters and tankless water heaters are the two most common types of water heaters. You must first select whatever sort of water heater you intend to purchase before determining the appropriate size.
- A tankless water heater, despite the fact that it is more expensive up front, will ensure that you always have hot water. Tankless water heaters function by heating water on demand using built-in coils, which means you’ll always have hot water on hand when you need it. As a result, these types of water heaters are more energy efficient than typical storage tank water heaters, which may result in a reduction in your monthly energy expenditures. The only snag is that there is a catch. They are only capable of producing a limited volume of hot water every minute. Newer tankless devices, on the other hand, are capable of handling up to 9.8 gallons of water per minute at the same time. This allows you to take many showers at the same time! Pros: More energy-efficient
- hot water on demand
- less maintenance.
- Negatives: Only a limited amount of hot water is available each minute
- Not suitable for everyone
- a high initial outlay
- Tank-style water heaters are significantly more widespread than tankless water heaters. This type of water heater is distinguished by the presence of an insulated tank that reserves hot water until it is required. We’ve all had the unpleasant experience of running out of hot water or having to wait for the water to heat up before getting into the shower. These sorts of events occur because storage tank units have a recovery increase, which refers to the quantity of water they can heat in an hour, which causes them to overheat. The greater the reliance on hot water in your house, the greater the recovery climb that will be required. Pros: Low initial outlay of funds
- Suitable for large families or groups of people
- Drawbacks: Only a limited volume of hot water can be produced in a given length of time
- not as energy efficient
Water Heater Sizes
- There are many different sizes of hot water heaters available, and you must first assess your usual water use in order to make an informed decision on which size to purchase. Several important considerations should be kept in mind in order to further limit down your search: Choosing your fuel source – Will you be using natural gas, liquid propane, or electricity as your primary fuel source? Is it possible that your water heater will connect to your boiler? Making this determination initially will assist you in narrowing down your selections and making the purchasing experience much simpler
- Physical dimensions – Make certain that the water heater you choose will fit into the area you have allotted in your home.
- What is the size of your household? Do you live in a tiny condo or a huge house? Is it simply you and your spouse, or do you have a large number of relatives and friends? When buying for a water heater, the size and occupancy of your family are two of the most critical considerations to make since you don’t want the person who showers last to be stranded with cold water.
When compared to a small condo where you only need hot water for one task at a time, you’ll most likely need a larger capacity water heater to accommodate a household where multiple people shower, run the dishwasher, wash dishes with the faucet, and do laundry at the same time, as opposed to a large family home.
What Size Water Heater Do I Need?
- For those of you who are considering a storage tank water heater, the following is a general reference to the storage tank capacity: You’ll need a water tank with at least a 30-gallon capacity if you’re cooking for 1 or 2 people.
- You’ll need a tank with a capacity of at least 40 gallons for two to three persons.
- It is recommended that you use an electric or natural gas tank with a capacity of 50-gallon (electric) or 40-gallon (natural gas or liquid propane) for three to four persons.
- If you have a household of five or more people, you’ll need an 80-gallon electric tank or a 50-gallon natural gas or liquid propane tank.
- Tank for storing items Hot water heaters are scaled based on the amount of BTUs they use and the amount of water they hold in gallons. Again, the more the amount of time you rely on hot water on a daily basis, the greater the amount of BTUs and capacity you will require. Consider, for example, how many showers individuals in your home take as a result of the consequences of their actions. If you have four individuals each take a ten-minute shower over the course of an hour, you will consume around 40 gallons of hot water in total. This can quickly deplete the tank’s capacity, and it may not reheat quickly enough for subsequent applications. It only takes one person to take a longer shower for the tank to be completely empty. When deciding on the tank size that is best for you, keep in mind your normal daily activities. If you’re thinking about taking the tankless way, your purchasing experience will be a little different. Because tankless water heaters do not store water, there is no need to worry about the capacity of the unit. You must, however, keep two considerations in mind: the flow velocity and the temperature rise (see Figure 1). You’ll need to total up the flow rates of all of the appliances you want to use at the same time in order to establish the water heater flow rate that you’ll require (showers, washing machines, etc.). In order to calculate the required temperature rise, subtract the entering water temperature from the desired exiting water temperature and multiply the result by 100. The temperature of ground water can vary significantly across the county and at different times of the year. Before making a purchase choice, conduct some investigation and testing to determine the temperature of your ground water. For example, you may set the entering temperature to 50 degrees Fahrenheit and the target departing temperature to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. In this scenario, a tankless water heater with a temperature increase of 50 degrees Fahrenheit would be appropriate. Based on an average ground water temperature of 50 degrees, the following are the sizes of tankless units you would require based on your usage: You’ll need at least 3.5 GPM to run 1 – 2 fixtures at the same time.
- If you want to run two or three fixtures at the same time, you’ll need at least 5 GPM.
- If you want to run three or four fixtures at the same time, you’ll need at least seven GPM.
- If you want to utilize five or more fixtures at the same time, you may require additional tankless units to be installed in succession.
Making a Decision
- We hope that this information has assisted you in better understanding the many elements and sizes to consider when selecting a new water heater.
- Total Home Supply has a wide range of water heaters, including both storage tank and tankless models, all of which are eligible for free shipment to anywhere in the contiguous United States of America.
- Please get in touch with us if you require any more assistance before making your purchase.
- Our in-house specialists would be pleased to assist you in selecting the most appropriate unit for your water heating requirements.
How Long Should a 40-Gallon Water Heater Stay Hot?
- If you’re in the middle of a shower and you run out of hot water, you’ll immediately feel the sting of cold water stinging your skin.
- That’s a frigid annoyance that no one wants to deal with on their vacation.
- It is normal for families with two to four persons to have a 40-gallon water heater on hand.
- These tanks are frequently seen in homes with 1.5 bathrooms or less.
- A 40-gallon water heater in your house that quickly runs out of hot water may indicate a problem with the unit.
- Check to see how long your 40-gallon water heater should keep the water hot, and why it may be running out of hot water more quickly than it should be doing.
How Long Should a 40-Gallon Water Heater Stay Hot
When not in use, hot water stored in a well insulated tank should remain hot for a day or two at a time, on average. If everything goes as planned, a 40-gallon water heater should be able to produce hot water consistently for 45 minutes to an hour. In actuality, the length of time required varies on a variety of factors, including: What temperature do you like your shower water to be?
- The flow rate of the showerhead
- How long do you typically take your showers
- How well your tank insulated
- The recovery rate of the water tank
How Many Hot Showers Can You Get from a 40-Gallon Water Heater
- Generally speaking, a regular shower uses around 10 gallons of water for each usage.
- That implies you may have up to four showers from a 40-gallon water heater in the course of an hour on average, according to the manufacturer.
- That is, as long as you restrict your hot water use to simply showering and no other equipment or activities.
- The majority of the time, though, you use your hot water in other places like the dishwasher, laundry, or even the bathroom faucets to wash your hands.
- All of these activities and equipment can drastically reduce the amount of hot water available in your home.
- If you prefer to linger in the shower for an extended period of time or if a large number of people are taking a hot shower at the same time, you may only be able to receive two showers every day.
- In the end, the number of hot showers you can receive from a 40-gallon water heater is determined by how much water you use in the shower and elsewhere in your home.
What Is Water Heater Recovery Time?
- The recovery rate of your water heater is the amount of time it takes to heat the water remaining in the tank after all of the hot water has been utilized.
- The amount of time it takes for your water heater to recover is dependent on the size of the water heater as well as the type of water heater you have.
- When compared to electric water heaters, gas water heaters are often more efficient.
- Consider the following example: a 40-gallon natural gas water heater may be recovered in around one hour, whereas an electric water heater can take twice as long.
Why Your 40-Gallon Water Heater is Running Out of Hot Water Too Fast
- It is important to determine whether the problem with your 40-gallon water heater has existed for some time or whether this is an ongoing issue that has only recently surfaced.
- In the first case, you may have found yourself constantly running out of hot water, despite your best efforts to reduce your hot water consumption.
- Your 40-gallon water heater just does not have adequate capacity.
- Your current tank is far too tiny for your requirements, and you should consider upgrading to a larger one.
- However, if you have only lately noticed a shortage of hot water, you may be experiencing one of these issues.
- Your water heater has reached the end of its useful life.
- Over time, water heaters lose their efficiency.
As a result, it is reasonable to assume that your old water heater is no longer capable of heating the water effectively or fully.
- Problems with the thermostat.
- Water heaters are equipped with a thermostat, which is used to regulate the temperature of the heated water.
- It is possible to adjust the thermostat to the desired hot water temperature, however the thermostat may malfunction or break down from time to time.
- When this occurs, the efficiency with which your water heater heats the water to the temperature you desire is reduced significantly.
Sediment Accumulation. In most cases, unless you’re using filtered tap water, the water that comes into your home might include sediment. These minute mineral particles can accumulate at the bottom of the tank, and the sediment accumulation can eventually restrict the quantity of hot water that can be stored by your water heater.
When to Replace Your Water Heater Tank
- When a family grows, it’s easy to neglect to improve home appliances, such as a water heater, to accommodate the additional members. However, imagine the number of persons in your family grows in the future. If this is the case, you should consider upgrading your present water heater to a larger one in order to suit your family’s rising demands while keeping everyone happy and comfortable. Please see the following graphs to assist you in selecting the best water heater tank for your household needs. Two or fewer individuals: thirty to forty litres
- two to four persons, forty to fifty pounds
- five to six persons, sixty pounds
- If there are five or more persons, 60 gallons or more are required.
Also, consider adding an additional 10 gallons for each new person in your household.
When to Replace the Entire Water Heater System
- If you’ve lately realized that your 40-gallon water heater is always running out of hot water, it’s possible that the equipment is too old to perform properly.
- In this instance, the most cost-effective solution is to replace the complete water heater system.
- The time has come for you to replace your home’s water heating system if it’s more than 10 years old and is no longer capable of heating water as efficiently as it once did.
- However, if you do decide to replace the complete unit, you should consider upgrading to a larger tank to satisfy the demands of everyone in your household.
- Using a tankless water heater, which warms water as it is required, is another option for bigger houses.
How Much Hot Water Does a Shower Use?
- A 40-gallon water heater may supply enough hot water for up to two showers in an hour (assuming no other water-using appliances are in use). In this tutorial, we’ll go through how to. The proper way to ″size″ a water heater so that you know how much hot water you will want at any one moment
- What is causing your water heater to run out of hot water too quickly
- Let’s start with determining the appropriate size of a water heater.
Finding out how much hot water you need at one time
- We previously said that a 40-gallon water heater may produce enough hot water for up to two showers in an hour. But, in reality, everything is dependent on two factors: Exactly how long your showers last
- What other water-consuming appliances are in use at the same time as the dishwasher
- To determine if you can get two full showers out of a 40-gallon water heater, we’ll run some figures through our calculator. The following is a list of often performed hot water-consuming tasks, along with the associated water consumption in gallons (based on statistics from energy.gov): Kitchen and bathroom faucet flow rates are 2 gallons per minute, whereas the clothes washer uses 25 gallons each usage, the shower uses 10, the dishwasher uses 6, and the dishwasher uses 6.
- If you restrict your use of hot water to showers alone, a 40-gallon water heater can easily provide two average-length showers at the same time (17 + 17 = 34 gallons each shower).
- Let’s imagine you shower in the morning and do all of the tasks listed above within an hour (we’ll also assume you take an average-length shower).
- The amount of hot water you would need would be more than 41 gallons, and if that’s the case, a 40-gallon water heater may not be sufficient for your needs.
- However, if more people in your home take showers at the same time, or if you take longer showers, you may find yourself running out of hot water very quickly.
- If you notice that you are running out of hot water very quickly, try minimizing the number of appliances you have running at the same time and taking shorter showers.
- Let’s have a look at some of the other possible reasons why you could be getting chilly water…
Have a 40-gallon water heater that’s running out of hot water too fast?
First, determine how long you’ve been dealing with the problem: Have you ever had a hard time getting hot water to work? Is it a recent occurrence? In both cases, we’ll go through what the problem may be and how to fix it.
Has your water heater ALWAYS run out of hot water too fast?
- Trying to reduce your hot water use but finding that your 40-gallon water heater is simply not cutting it may indicate that your water heater is simply too small for your need. Following are some estimates that will give you an approximate idea of what size water heater you’ll need based on the size of your family: If there are two or less individuals, 23–36 gallons of water are required
- two–four people, 36–46 gallons are required
- three–five people, 46–56 gallons are required
- and five or more people, 56+ gallons are required.
Option 1: Hire a plumber to install a larger water heater that meets your requirements. It is their responsibility to make advice on alternative types, including tankless models, and sizes according on your requirements and budget.
Has your water heater RECENTLY run out of hot water too fast?
Then you might be experiencing one of the following three issues…
Reason1: Sediment buildup at the bottom of the tank
- We carry sediment (small mineral particles) into our houses with us when we heat the water, and this sediment can accumulate at the bottom of the water heater’s tank.
- Because sediment takes up space that should be utilized to store hot water, the amount of hot water that can be provided by your water heater is reduced as a result of sediment building.
- Solution: Have your water heater flushed by a trained technician.
- The sediment accumulation will be eliminated as a result of this.
Reason2: Thermostat problems
The temperature of the heated water is controlled by a little thermostat located on the water heater’s control panel. Over time, these can break down or fail, which reduces the effectiveness of your water heater to heat the water it is intended to heat. Make an appointment with a plumber to have your water heater’s thermostat checked to ensure it is in perfect working order.
Reason3: Water heater is too old
- Water heaters that are more than a decade old begin to lose their capacity to heat water efficiently.
- Consider an old water heater in the same way you would an old automobile.
- Automobiles that are more than 10 years old typically require more repairs and upkeep, and they frequently perform worse than younger cars with less miles on the clock.
- It’s similar to the situation with older water heaters.
- Water is not heated as effectively or thoroughly as it used to be.
- Optional solution: If your water heater is more than ten years old, it may be time to replace it completely.
- Consult with a plumber to get an estimate on the cost of a new water heater.
Do you require assistance with your water heater in Southwest Florida?If you’d like to arrange an appointment with one of our dependable plumbers, call Aztec Plumbing & Drains.We’ll get to the bottom of your hot water problems quickly and correctly the first time.
- How to Perform Water Heater Maintenance: Why Is My Water Heater Not Draining?
- What is the source of the rotten egg smell coming from my water heater?
Choose What Size Water Heater You Need Like a Pro
- When searching for a new water heater, one of the first considerations to make is the capacity of the water heater you want to purchase (i.e., the number of gallons the tank holds). According to conventional thinking, you should get the greatest heater feasible. However, it is more dependent on the number of people living in your home as well as the water heater’s capacity to recover from a power failure. Every household member should have 10-15 liters of hot water, according to industry standards. A 50-gallon water heater should be plenty for a household of four people, according to the manufacturer. Examine the capacity of the water heater, as well as the First Hour Rating (FHR) and your own particular Peak Hour Demand computation. The following is a basic estimate of the amount of water heater you will require: A 30-gallon water heater will enough for a family of two
- a 30-40-gallon water heater will suffice for a family of three
- and a 40-50-gallon water heater will suffice for a family of four.
- A 50-60 gallon water heater will enough for a household of five
- a 60-80 gallon water heater will suffice for a family of six or more.
- These figures are simply estimates, and they might differ significantly depending on how much hot water you consume during your busiest hour.
- During a busy one-hour period, the Peak Hour Demand estimate determines how much hot water your household is expected to require.
- The First Hour Rating (FHR) of a water heater is the amount of hot water it can produce in one hour of operation.
- It would be beneficial if you additionally considered the fuel source and its physical dimensions.
Determining Tank Size Based on Family Size
- Tank-style water heaters have a storage capacity of 30 to 80 gallons and are commonly used in residential settings. For the majority of households, 40-60 gallons is adequate. However, once again, this is dependent on your overall hot water usage. You must perform the arithmetic in order to determine the appropriate size for your home. To get you started, here’s a ballpark figure to get you thinking: In most cases, a 30-gallon water heater will be sufficient for households with one to two people.
- Families of two or three people require a water heater that holds at least 40 gallons
- a family of four people needs a water heater that holds at least 50 gallons. If you’re using electricity, 50 gallons will enough, and 40 gallons will suffice if you’re using natural gas or propane.
- If your family has more than five members, an 80-gallon electric water heater or a 50-gallon gas water heater may be in your best interest.
- Keep in mind that the list above is only a guideline, and as a result, you will not be able to draw any firm conclusions from it. The amount of hot water required varies from family to household. For example, a three-person household may discover that a 40-gallon water heater is insufficient to fulfill their demands, yet the same tank capacity may be sufficient for a five-person family. For example, some people take longer showers than others, and some families have a disproportionate number of appliances and fixtures that consume water from the hot water heater. As a result, it all comes down to how much water a family consumes on a daily basis. The following are some starting points for calculating your normal consumption: This includes both the quantity of persons taking showers and the time that they are taking them.
- It is possible that heavy appliances will be utilized at the same time as people are showering.
- The capacity of the primary appliances that were utilized to fill the tank
- The frequency with which the bathtub is utilized. Is it better to fill the tub partly or completely?
- Do you have any plans to renovate your bathroom or kitchen in the foreseeable future? If that’s the case, will you be upgrading to a larger bathtub?
- Are you planning on having additional children or getting married in the near future, given that a water heater may last up to 15 years?
- Consider putting one water heater for every two bathrooms in large residences, or one water heater per floor in multi-story buildings.
Evaluating the Peak Hour Demand and First Hour Rating
- Now that you’ve performed the lifestyle audit described above and determined the Peak Hour Demand (PHD) and the First Hour Rating (FHR), you may go to the next step (FHR). This information will assist you in selecting a water heater that will meet your hot water requirements. What is the demand during peak hours? The quantity of hot water consumed during rush hour is referred to as the peak hour demand. In your house, it defines the time of day during which you consume the most hot water. Your busiest hour may be at 8 p.m., just before everyone goes to bed, or at 6 a.m., just before everyone rushes out the door to get ready for school or work. Simply said, it is the time of day when the greatest amount of hot water is drunk. What is the rating for the first hour? The First Hour Rating (FHR) of a water heater is the amount of hot water it can produce in one hour of operation. Take note that this is not the same thing as the maximum capacity for holding water in the tank. FHR is dependent on the fuel supply, tank size, and the size of the burner, among other factors. The FHR information may be found on the water heater’s Energy Guide Label, which is easily accessible. The checklist provided below might assist you in estimating your peak hour use. Always keep in mind that the peak-hour demand should be a bit lower than the first-hour rating of your heater. 4 gallons for hair shampooing per household member
- 4 gallons for hand dishwashing
- 4 gallons for face/hand washing per household member
- 2 gallons for shaving
- 10-15 gallons for showering per household member
- 14 gallons for automatic dishwasher
- 10-30 gallons for automatic washer (older clothes washers can use up to 45 gallons of water, whereas modern energy-efficient washers use as little as 5 gallons)
- In the case of a household of five, the following is how you would calculate your peak hour demand.
- If you have three people showering every morning, two people washing their faces, and one person shaving and washing the dishes by hand, you will consume an average of 74 gallons of water every day.
- If your peak hour usage is 74 gallons, you should seek for a water heater with an FHR of 76-80 gallons, according to the chart below: Examples of a Sample Worksheet for Predicting Peak Hour Demand and First Hour Rating *Based on My Family’s Personal Experience* The information in the spreadsheet above is based on my family’s use.
- The amount of time your family spends during peak hours will most likely differ.
Sizing a Tankless Water Heater
- It is less usual to find tankless water heaters than it is to find tank-style systems. Their popularity is progressively gaining ground, mostly due to the fact that they take up less space and lower energy expenses by 25 percent. If, on the other hand, you choose a tankless water heater, a whole other set of considerations come into play. It is not need to worry about the tank’s capacity because these devices do not have any water storage. You should, however, pay particular attention to the flow rate and temperature rise during the experiment. In order to locate the best tankless water heater for your family, you must first estimate the amount of water that will flow through your home and the amount of temperature fluctuation. In most cases, flow rate is expressed in gallons per minute (GPM). To estimate the flow rate in your home, enter the following information into the appropriate fields. Dishwasher: 1.5 gallons per minute
- washer: 2 gallons per minute
- shower: 2.5 gallons per minute
- kitchen/bathroom faucet: 1.5 gallons per minute
- running bathtub: 4 gallons per minute
- It would be beneficial if you utilized the same calculations that were used in the assessment of peak hour demand in your calculations. Make a total of all the flow rates from all the faucets and appliances that were in operation at the same time. It is necessary to have a tankless water storage tank that has a minimum flow rate of 9 gallons per minute if you are operating three showers and a dishwasher at the same time, for example. The following step is to calculate the needed temperature rise in the water. The entering water temperature should be subtracted from the unit’s specified output temperature, which is typically 100-120 degrees Fahrenheit, in order to do this. Here are some incoming temperature forecasts based on your geographic location: -40 degrees Fahrenheit in the northern sections of the United States
- 50 degrees Fahrenheit in the southern portions of the United States
- 60 degrees Fahrenheit in the southwest and southern California, as well as the Gulf states
- When in doubt about the incoming water temperature in your location, you can make an educated guess using the 50 degrees Fahrenheit estimate.
- If you want to be more precise, you may turn on the cold water in your kitchen faucet and let it flow for a few minutes to get a more exact reading.
- Remove the metal end of a thermometer from running water and measure the temperature of the water to obtain an accurate reading of the entering temperature.
- For the sake of argument, let us assume that the incoming cold water temperature is 40 degrees Fahrenheit and the domestic hot water temperature is 120 degrees Fahrenheit The temperature would have to climb by 80 degrees Fahrenheit to achieve this.
- A water heater with a temperature increase of 80 degrees Fahrenheit and a flow rate of 9 gallons per minute will be required to meet your requirements in this case.
- In order to guarantee that your new water heater can satisfy your hot water demands, it’s a good idea to round up the figures a little.
- Fortunately, most manufacturers’ websites include a flow chart to guide you through the process.
Other Factors That Affect Water Heater Size
- The temperature of the inlet water varies depending on the place and season. The summer does not need as much effort as the winter does. Because of this, you must guarantee that there is sufficient hot water flow on chilly winter days.
- The temperature rise caused by tankless gas water heaters is often greater than that caused by electric water heaters. Some tankless water heaters are controlled by thermostats
- gas-fired tankless heaters may create a temperature rise of 70 degrees Fahrenheit at a flow rate of 5 GPM, and the same temperature at 1.5 to 2 GPM through an electric type
- some tankless water heaters are controlled by thermostats. This type of unit offers versatility since the temperature of the output water fluctuates depending on the temperature and flow rate of the entering water
Final Thoughts on Water Heater Sizing
- Consider the following scenario: you are still unclear about the amount of water heater you require for your household and you seek advice from a certified plumber.
- Alternatively, you might look at tankless water heaters that are available on demand.
- Check out our Buyer’s Guide: What Type of Tankless Water Heater Do I Need for more information.
- DISCLAIMER: The information provided on HomeInspectionInsider.com is not intended to be professional guidance.
- Before beginning any job, you should contact with a competent expert and verify that all necessary permits have been obtained.
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Sizing Guide: What Size Water Heater Do I Need for My Home?
- When it comes to water heaters, the typical lifespan varies depending on the sort of system you have.
- However, the kind of water available in your location will have an influence on the performance of your water heater system.
- A conventional gas water heater is designed to last between 8 and 12 years, depending on how well it is maintained.
- An electric water heater, on the other hand, is meant to have a life cycle of 10 to 15 years, depending on the manufacturer.
- Your water heater may need to be replaced if it is leaking or making loud noises.
- A new energy-efficient system may be the best option.
- It’s crucial to become familiar with the different water heater sizes available before making a decision on which system to purchase.
Water Heater Sizes
- What size water heater do you require to meet the needs of your household?
- If you have a large number of children, the answer to this question will be different for each one.
- For example, a household of three to four people should acquire a water heater that holds 50 to 60 gallons.
- A home of 5 to 7 people, on the other hand, may require a water heater with a 60 to 80 gallon water tank.
- An 80 gallon water heater will offer you with adequate hot water to shower, do laundry, and wash dishes if you live alone with your spouse.
- These are approximate measurements for your residence.
- The size of your water heater will be determined by a variety of factors, including the number of people in your household and the length of time you spend in the shower on average.
Hot Water Usage Habits
- The procedure of determining the appropriate size for a water heater will vary from family to family.
- If a family of 5–7 people lives in a 60–80 gallon water heater, for example, this may not be necessary.
- If you have a household of this size, a 50 to 60 gallon water heater may be sufficient for your needs in some instances.
- In addition, a water heater with a water tank that is bigger than 30 gallons may be required for a household of two people.
- It is dependent on your water use patterns that the size of your water heater will be determined.
- In the event that you frequently use two to four water appliances at the same time, you should consider purchasing a larger water heater to guarantee that you have enough warm water to shower while the appliances are running.
- The process of determining the appropriate size of a water heater for your home is quite crucial.
Purchase a water heater that is too tiny, and you may find yourself needing to take a shower with cold water.As an added bonus, a water heater that is too small for your household will have to work harder to keep up with your demands.This will result in the need for expensive repairs and tune-ups.Alternatively, a water heater that is too large for your home may result in a rise in the overall cost of your energy bills.
If you need assistance choosing what size water heater you require, contact a local specialist in your region who can assist you in identifying the most appropriate type for your home.To find out more, see What Size Condensing Furnace Do I Require?
How to Determine How Much Water You Use
- While the estimations provided above can be used to get an approximate idea of the amount of water heater you will want, there is a more exact technique of determining the size of a water heater.
- First and foremost, you must examine your water use patterns in order to estimate your peak water consumption hour.
- If your family showers from 8:00 a.m.
- to 9:00 a.m.
- every morning, this is the time of day when you use the most water.
- You’ll need to figure out how many gallons of water you use throughout this period of the day to be accurate.
- The average quantity of warm water used for showering is 10 gallons per person each day.
Showering in the morning for a total of 5 members of your home will require you to multiply 10 gallons by the total number of water use sessions, which in this case is 5.This means that a family of five would consume 50 gallons of water each morning from 8:00 a.m.to 9:00 a.m., assuming that they were in the shower at that time.However, it is probable that you will consume more than 50 gallons of water to wash the dishes from your meal.
When it comes to cleaning your dishes, a conventional dishwasher uses a total of 6 gallons of water to remove oil and food.Your total water use will be equivalent to 56 gallons once you have finished washing your dishes, assuming that each member of your household takes a shower.Additionally, if you opt to wash laundry in the morning, you will need an additional 7 gallons of hot water in the process.63 gallons of water have been consumed by your family after everyone has done bathing, cleaning dishes, and doing laundry.
- This means that you will need to invest in a water heater with a tank capacity of 60–80 gallons in order to avoid running out of hot water every morning.
- The First Hour Rating (FHR) of a water heater should be more than the entire volume of water consumed during your highest water usage hour, which you should look for while comparing different water heater sizes at the store while shopping.
- The FHR rating of a water heater specifies the total number of gallons of warm water that it is capable of producing in one hour.
- This rating may be obtained on the website of the manufacturer.
- In order to determine the FHR Rating of your present water heater, you must first locate the EnergyGuide label on the unit.
- It will be situated at the top of this sticker on your water heater, and it will read ″FHR Rating.″ More information may be found at: Reasons Why It’s Critical to Replace Your Lead Pipes
Other Factors to Consider While Sizing Water Heaters
- The size of your water heater may be increased if one or more persons in your household choose to take a bath in the morning instead of showering.
- A basic little bathtub has a capacity of 40 gallons of water on average, which is plenty for most people.
- A huge bathtub, on the other hand, may be able to accommodate up to 140 gallons of water.
- We propose that you have your children reuse the same bathwater in order to save money on your water costs.
- If you choose to acquire a tankless water heater rather than a typical water tank, you will be required to follow a new set of rules when determining the appropriate size for your water heater.
- A tankless water heater, in contrast to a standard water heater, is designed to heat incoming water from your pipes rather than producing vast amounts of warm water at once.
- The Flow Rate and Temperature Rise should be calculated in order to establish the size of the tankless water heater that you will require.
It is important to understand that flow rate is a statistic that relates to the total amount of warm water that an individual will use every minute.Giant gallons are used to measure the entire volume of water.When it comes t